The civilization of ancient Egypt existed between 32B.C.E and the beginning of the common era . It couldbe found near the Nile River. It is still interesting tolearn about their writing, how they grew crops, thesociety and its legacies.
WritingThe ancient Egyptians were the first people to invent writing. They wrote onpapyrus, which is where we get the English word for paper. They madepapyrus by cutting the roots to make a square like 5 rows and 5 way downthen hitting it with a hammer (so some liquid came out from root help it stickbatter). Before papyrus, the Egyptians wrote on rocks. When Napoleonattacked ancient Egypt he found a piece they called the Rosetta stone. Thetop part has ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs (picture writing), the middle part iswritten in demotic style (the next type of Egyptian writing) and the lowestpart was written in Greek. Scientists used this stone to figure out themeaning and rules of Egyptian writing. There were people called scribes whowere specially trained to read and write. Hieroglyphs was a picture language.But later signs were used to stand for sounds. The signs were like analphabet. Modern and ancient Egyptian writing is very different.
Food & AgricultureIn ancient Egypt they grow many types of foods. People grewcrops likewheat, barley, flax, fruit, vegetable, onions, garlic, dates andgrapes. Rich people ate a lot of meat but it was too expensivefor poor people. The farmers waited for the Nile river to floodbecause it made the ground good for growing. However, theancient Egyptians had no way of knowing when the Nile wouldflood so they looked at sky so they could find patterns whichhelped them to predict the floods. So you can see that the foodin ancient Egypt depended on the Nile River.
SocietyIn ancient Egypt there was a Pharaoh who was at the top of society andslaves as the lowest people. Egyptians called their king Pharaoh. Theythought the Pharaoh was a gift to them from the gods. Nobles, grand viziersof upper and lower Egypt, high priests and high priestesses came next.Soldiers had dangerous lives. The vizier was the pharaoh’s chief helper, whilethe priests worked in the temples, looking after the god.Craftsmen, artists, scribes and tax collectors came next in importance.However, most Egyptians were peasants. Their job was to grow food for lifeor give it to the Pharaoh. So in ancient Egypt, society was structured like a bigpyramid.
LegaciesThere are many legacies from ancient Egypt. The grandfather ofall ships was the ship of the sun. It was the first boat in theworld that they used to sand the mummies to cemetery ofOsiris. Paros is the first lighthouse in the world but we can’t lookat now because it broke down during two earthquakes in the1308 and 1349 AD. The lighthouse was started to be built in 285B.C.E and finish by 247 B.C.E at Alexandria port city. The ship ofthe sun is found nearby Kupu pharaoh’s pyramid. Also writing.
This report has included information all about ancientEgypt. It has describedfood, writing, agriculture, legacies and the structure ofsociety. You now know all about ancient Egypt.
Reference ListAuthor Date TitleTim Wood 1997 Ancient WondersClare Forbes 1997 Ancient PeoplesFionain 1997 The WordSinhyoloung 2008 History Quiz Common Sense