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Ancient egypt


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Ancient egypt

  1. 1. BY: Geon Woo Lim (Archeologist)
  2. 2. IntroductionAncient Egypt was a civilization that was built alongthe river Nile. It lasted from 2,800 B.C.E to 1300 B.C.E.It’s very interesting to learn about the food, education,writing, and roles of this ancient society.
  3. 3. FoodAncient Egyptians ate a variety of meat and vegetables, some of whichwe still eat today. Egyptians ate vegetables such as cucumber, onions,cabbage, and lettuce. They also ate meats, including duck, beef, lamb,goat, geese, and fish. Most Egyptians could not eat meat, though,because it was expensive. So only rich people ate meat regularly. Poorpeople could only eat fish from River Nile. Egyptians often drank wine,beer and milk. Egyptians could not eat bananas, lemons, pears, peachesor cherries, because in Ancient Egypt they could not grow these kinds offruits. In Ancient Egypt, most of people were farmers. Egyptian farmersloved floods, because it made the soil rich. Most farmers grew grains, formaking bread and beer. Farmers used something called a plough forfarming, which was pulled by men or cows. As you can see, the AncientEgyptians’ diet was similar in many ways to our modern food.
  4. 4. EducationAncient Egyptians had different types of education, depending ongender. Girls studied weaving, dancing, and cooking at home withtheir mothers. Ancient Egyptians usually only allowed boys to go toschool. (Some girls went to school if they worked as a scribe). InAncient Egypt, boys learnt hieratic script first. They wrote on brokenpiece of stone called an Ostraca. They also had papyrus, but it was soexpensive. They studied sports, mathematics, astronomy, andastrology. Boys also studied Ancient Egypt’s hieroglyphics as alanguage. The ancient Egyptians used 2 kinds of writings. One washieroglyphs and the other was a simplified version of Hieroglyphs.They used Hieroglyphs for tomb writing and temples. They usedsimplified version of Hieroglyphs for normal writings. As you can see,learning hieroglyphs was an important part of being educated inancient Egypt.
  5. 5. Language & WritingAncient Egyptian writing was based on pictures. We can only translateAncient Egyptians words, because archeologists found a stone called theRosetta stone in 1799. On the stone are 3 languages: Greek, Egyptianhieroglyphs and Egyptian hieratic script. Archeologists used theirknowledge of Greek to understand the Egyptian language. That’s why wecan understand Ancient Egyptian’s words. Ancient Egyptians wrote onpaper called papyrus. It was made from a plant that grew beside theriver. In Ancient Egypt, there were special people called scribes. Scribeswere the only people who could write Hieroglyphs. They wroteHieroglyphs on the walls, like tomb walls. Hieroglyphs were veryimportant for Ancient Egyptians because they used them to recordhistoric events and write about their pharaohs.
  6. 6. Structure of SocietyIn Ancient Egypt, there were many levels of society. At the highest level wassomeone called the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh made many decisions for the people andcould do anything he or she wanted. Next were the Nobles and Grand Viziers ofUpper Egypt. They were important people who helped to govern. A level belowthese people were the artists, scribes, priests and priestesses. Scribes were specialbecause they were the only people who could write Hieroglyphs. The Pharaohsrelied on them to write on their tombs. Priests and Priestesses were also importantbecause they made the Pharaoh into a mummy after death. (Mummification meanswrapping a dead person with bandages to preserve the body for the afterlife).Most people in ancient Egypt were farmers. They used the rich soil near the Nile togrow food for the whole civilization. At last, there were slaves. They did most of thework for the more important people. They had a hard life of building pyramids bypulling heavy stones in the hot sun. Therefore, Ancient Egyptian peoples’ lives werevery different according to their level of society.
  7. 7. ConclusionIn conclusion, ancient Egypt is an interestingcivilization which is very different from modern life. Itis interesting to learn about the food, roles, writingand ways of educating children in ancient times. TheEgyptians left many legacies for future people.
  8. 8. Reference ListAuthor Date TitleJancoue Line Morley 1993 How Would You Survive as an Ancient Egypt?Jane Shuter 1991 Ancient EgyptJane Shuter 1991 Ancient EgyptiansAncita Ganeri 1999 Legacies from Ancient EgyptDr Gearge Hart 1995 Ancient EgyptDate Website25/10/12 www.historyforkids.org25/10/12 www.ancientcivilizations.co25/10/12