DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 01/22/10 , Topic: Appeasement 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #10 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about: Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. At the bell, be in your Hamsternly seating stance (wear Hamstern colors if you have it)
Agenda 1) Appeasement and Start of WWII Europe End Goal, you will be able to… 1) What was done to try to prevent WWII in Europe (keep in mind that the Japanse are already fighting in China, though Europe isn’t yet involved in that) Reminder 1) Find & complete your 4 news pods
Why do people obey dictators? It has to do with group authority. People behave differently in groups. Hamstern Reich Our leader will be the Hamstern (hampster in German)
Fascism Experiment: From this Fri, to Next Fri Project Goals: To understand why do people submit to group authority? Project Rules: 1) This project only takes place in this class, you may not continue the simulation outside of class. 2) This is purely a simulation, you may stop participating whenever, and then just observe. 3) Obviously, no one may verbal or physically harass or intimidate any student (that’s not the goal, and any such actions will be handled seriously) 4) Don’t take the simulation to seriously, but try too understand the dangers of group authority.
Project Background In 1967, at the former at Cubberley High School in Palo Alto, teacher Ron Jones began an experiment with his sophomores in which he turned his class into a fascist regime. The project was unethical because students were not told it was an experiment, and students were encouraged to continue their actions outside of class. He was truly trying to create fascist regime. In our class, we are NOT trying to re-create a fascist regime. We are trying to feel and then understand the power of group authority. You are ROLE PLAYING, you are not really trying to become this. In the end you have to remind yourself, it’s just a hamster (HAMSTERN)!
<ul><li>Hamstern’s Two Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Community </li></ul>
<ul><li>Seating Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Feet flat on the floor, back straight, hands on the table (start class in Seating Procedure) </li></ul><ul><li>Saluting Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Stand by your desk, feet together </li></ul><ul><li>Bend elbows, close fist (like holding a low bar) </li></ul><ul><li>3) Say: Strength through Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Community </li></ul><ul><li>Strength through Hamstern </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>When ever you speak, you end with saying “Hiel Hamstern” </li></ul>
Hamstern, Hamstern, above everything, Above everything in the entire world! When, for protection and defences, We will always take a hamsternly stand! Hamstern strength. Hamstern loyalty. For the Hamstern Father Land! Hamstern, Hamstern! Above Everything! For the Hamstern Father Land!
Review 1) Treaty of Versailles (1919) : Allies meet to decide Germany’s fate ( Germany + Russia NOT invited ). a) Germany accepts full blame for the war b) Germany cedes it’s western land back to France c) France gets access to German coal deposits d) German army reduced to 100k , zero planes/subs e) Germany pay $30 billion ($2 trillion), lose patents f) German and Ottoman colonies given to allies g) East Europe unified under multiethnic countries : Yugoslavia +Czechoslovakia to deter Russian power
2) Post Depression Elections (1930s) : a) 1932: Nazis + Communists rising b) 1/1933: Weimer (+rich) back Hitler, making him Chancellor c) 2/1933 : Mysterious fire burns down parliament d) 3/1933: Ger. constitution allows Hitler to freeze indiv rights: speech/media, privacy, property e) 7/1933 : All other parties banned
2) Hitler made Supreme Leader/Führer (8/1934) : a) Hitler source of all laws b) Only state run church allowed c) Rebuild military + starts public works (highways, arenas) = jobs d) Attacked Communists and Jews
3) Special Security (SS) : Enforced the law a) Heinrich Himmler (1900-45) : Leader of the SS b) Opposition arrested/killed ( Night of the Long Knives, 1934 ) c) Gestapo : Nazi intelligence + police (part of SS)
Notes #10a , Title: “ Appeasement ” 1) Appeasement : Give things to an aggressor a) Need to fix Great Depression at home b) Allies too poor + scared to fight again c) Fascist s are better than communist d) WWI Treaty of Ver. was too harsh
Work #10a , “ Appeasement Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Aggressors should be attacked 1) Sometimes fighting is the only solution 2) Appeasement is a waste of time 3) Appeasing aggressors make them worse PRO: Aggressors should be appeased 1) War should always be avoided at all cost 2) Appeasement should be tried before war 3) Some aggressors will stop if appeased
Notes #10b , Title: “ Appeasement ” 3) 1937 : Ger. help Spain become fascist ( Franco )
Notes #10b , Title: “ Appeasement ” 4) 1938 : Ger. Demands Sudetenland (Ger. speaking part of democratic Czechoslovakia)
Work #10b , Title “ Munich Conference ” a) Germany: You want to restore German pride and power. b) UK: You feel there is some justification for Germany wanting to unify all the German speaking ppl given the harsh terms of the Treaty of Vers. Try to prevent war. c) France: You fear a rising German power. d) Czechoslovakia : Some people want to join Germany, but most don’t want another country in charge of them. Should Czechoslovakia give up it’s land? (Sudetenland) 1) Write which country you selected 2) Negotiate, write down your team’s compromise . Be ready to present.
Notes #10c , Title: “ Appeasement ” 5) 9/1938: Munich Conference : UK+France let Ger. have Sudetenland in return no more expansion 6) 3/1939 : Ger. takes over rest of Czechoslovakia
Notes #10c , Title: “ Appeasement ” 7) 8/1939 : Hitler + Stalin ally to split up E. Europe
Notes #10c , Title: “ Appeasement ” 8) 9/01/1939 : Ger. invades Poland, UK+France decl. war. WWII Eur. has started (WWII Asia 37)
Notes #10c , Title: “ Appeasement ” 9) Blitzkrieg : Ger. Use of planes, paratroopers, tanks to invade w. speed that overwhelms
Work #10d , “ UK Declare War Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Declare War 1) We can create jobs by going to war 2) Germany will only get more powerful 3) If we don’t stand by our democratic neighbors, we’ll be alone PRO: Don’t Declare War 1) We (UK) still owe US money from WWI 2) Germany is too powerful 3) Let Germany take E. Europe, that’s far away
Work #10c , Title “ Video: Invasion of Poland ” 1) Copy Source Title: BBC 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Tripartite Pact (1940) To promote the mutual prosperity and welfare of the peoples concerned. It is, furthermore, the desire of the three Governments to extend cooperation to nations in other spheres of the world that are inclined to direct their efforts along lines similar to their own for the purpose of realizing their ultimate object, world peace. Accordingly, the Governments of Japan, Germany and Italy have agreed as follows: ARTICLE 1. Japan recognizes and respects the leadership of Germany and Italy in the establishment of a new order in Europe. ARTICLE 2. Germany and Italy recognize and respect the leadership of Japan in the establishment of a new order in Greater East Asi
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . 2) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )