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0320112 world wwi eastern front and america 100m


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0320112 world wwi eastern front and america 100m

  1. 1. DRAW A LINE BETWEEN TODAY AND THE LAST LESSONRIGHT CORNER: 1) Write: Name: _, Period: _,Date: 03/21/12, Topic: US Joins/WWI LettersLEFT CORNER: Write “Opener #17” and then:1) Write 1 high+1 low in last 24 hours2) Rate your comprehension for thisweek’s topic so far: lost<1-5>easy3) Respond to the Opener by writingat least 1 sentences about:Your opinions/thoughts OR/ANDQuestions sparked by the clip OR/ANDSummary of the clip OR/ANDAnnouncements: None
  2. 2. Agenda1) Eastern Front2) American Involvement3) If Time: WWI Film: Last BatallionWhat you will be able to do:1) How is the stalemate broken?Reminder1) Letters due on block day
  3. 3. Opener # Reminders Name2)Hi & Lo…………………………………………. Period2) Opinion, Question or Summary…………… Date3) # Rating Past Understanding……………… TopicCues/Topic Notes HereNavigation +Section Reflections & Responses HereHeading:# & Title + SIGNATURES + STAMPSMain Ideas +QuestionsSUMMARY/EXIT REFLECTION
  4. 4. Opener 1 Permission Slip Due Fri Bruce Lee2)Hi-talked with friends, Lo-Feeling tired Period 22) Why was Japan’s military modernizationturn out better than China’s? 8/25/123) 3 Asian ImperialismNotes #1a Meiji Emperor more symbol than powerMeiji Young, handsome, wore Western clothesEmperorActiv #1a 1) 3 because tradition is importantDebate 2) 5 because survival is most importantActiv #1b 1) The reason students returned was nationalism.Reading 2) I think people are more individualistic today.Military #1Ruso War?Closing your country to threats can weaken you.
  5. 5. Review1) Western Front: 2 mo. after start, both dig in trenches. 4 years: 10+- mi. movement.2) Trench Warfare: 300-600 yds separated sides by “no mans land. Tech favored defense: barbed wire, machine guns, explosive artillery
  6. 6. Notes #15a, Title: “WWI - Middle East Notes”1) Ottoman Empire: German ally, control Turkey and parts of Middle East (w help of Bulgaria, cuts off Russia-Allied supply route)
  7. 7. 2) Battle of Gallipoli (1915): Failed British (Indian/ Australian) naval assault of seaside forts defending Black Sea, 200k casualties
  8. 8. 3) Armenian Genocide: Turkey kills 1-2 million Armenians (Christians) in Turkey (fear they side w Russia). No more Armenians in Turkey.
  9. 9. 4) Arab Revolt (1916): UK (Lawrence of Arabia) convince Palestine + Iraq to revolt from Otto. in return for independence (promise broken)5) Sykes-Picot (1916): UK + France secretly split up Mid. East (no regard for local ppl+borders)
  10. 10. Activ #15a, “Middle East Debate”1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why.2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end).1 2 3 4 5PRO: UK give ME freedom CON: UK keep part of ME1) UK (Lawrence) 1) There is earlypromised if they fight, discovery of oil, vital forthey get freedom industrial growth2) By colonizing the ME, it 2) If UK (and France)will create a century of doesn’t take ME, Russiamistrust and conflict and other industrial powers will take it
  11. 11. Notes #15b, Title: “WWI - Russia Notes”6) Eastern Front: Russia had more casualties than any other ally, mass starvation, riots erupt
  12. 12. Notes #15b, Title: “WWI - Russia Notes”7) Vladimir Lenin: Russian communist leader in exile, Germany sends him to Russia to spark another revolution (though Kaiser hate comm.)
  13. 13. Activ #15b, “Communism Debate”1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why.2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end).1 2 3 4 5PRO: If you are Ger. send CON: Never encourageLenin to Russia the spread of communism1) Ger. needs to close the 1) Ger. as anEastern front of the war, industrialized capitalistLenin will pull Russia out economy is anti-commun2) Who cares about 2) Lenin can spreadcommunism if Germany communism to Germanyloses, it’s all over
  14. 14. Notes #15c, Title: “WWI - Russia Notes”8) February Revolution (1917): Tsar Nicholas II steps down, Alex Kerensky (socialist) leads transitional govt, but won’t end the war (hopes for victory)
  15. 15. Notes #15c, Title: “WWI - Russia Notes”9) Russian Peace Treaty (1918): Lenin (communist) ends war, Germany throw all troops west (but US takes Russia’s place)
  16. 16. Act #15c, Title “Video: Russian Revolution”1) Copy Source Title: Young IndianaJones Chronicles2…) Discuss questions on the boardwith a partner. Summarize yourdiscussion (include their name at theend). Remember participation pointsare deducted if off task.5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
  17. 17. Notes #17a, Title: “WWI – US Notes”1) Germany Gov Controlled Media: Promotes UK+France weakening, Ger. about to win now 1 front war (reality, Ger weakening too)
  18. 18. Notes #17a, Title: “WWI- US Notes”2) US Isolationism: US ppl wanted to stay out3) UK Needed Supplies: US loan money to UK to buy US supplies (France borrows $ too)4) Lusitania (1915): British cruise ship carrying war materials sinks (1,198 die, 128 US)a) UK turn event into propaganda toolb) Ger. stops unrestricted u-boat, but too late
  19. 19. 5) Unrestricted U-Boats Resume (1917): Germany losing, gambles at “starving” UK into defeat (600k tons sank, UK only 6 wk supplies)6) Zimmerman Telegram: Ger. For. Sec. Zim. sends secret note to Mexico to ask them to join Central powers (UK had deciphered Ger. secret code machines)
  20. 20. Notes #17a, Title: “WWI- US Notes”7) US Congress Declares War (4/06/1917): US not prepared to fight, but had fresh men + industry
  21. 21. “On the first of February, we intend tobegin unrestricted submarine warfare.In spite of this, it is our intentionto endeavor to keep the United Statesof America neutral.In the event of this not succeeding, wepropose an alliance on the followingbasis with Mexico: That we shall makewar together and make peace together.We shall give generous financialsupport, and an understanding on ourpart that Mexico is to reconquer thelost territory in New Mexico, Texas,and Arizona. The details of settlementare left to you.”
  22. 22. 14 Points: US Pres. Wilson argues war fought to prevent future wars thru defending freedom, world cooperation, + self- determination
  23. 23. “We have no selfish ends toserve. We desire no conquest,no dominion… we shall fight forthe things which we havealways carried nearest ourhearts - for democracy, for theright of those who submit toauthority to have a voice in theirown Governments, for the rightsand liberties of small nations,for a universal dominion of rightby such a concert of freepeoples as shall bring peaceand safety to all nations andmake the world itself at lastfree.” -US President Wilson
  24. 24. Activ #17a, Title “Wilson’s 14 Points”1) Write in 4 words or less what isAmerica’s goal (the speech thatintroduced his 14 points)2) Last, ask your partner, if living in1917, would you be convinced byPresident Wilson’s 14 Points to jointhe war? (include their name at theend).
  25. 25. 14 Points: US President Wilson presents 14 goals for the end of the war:a) Reduce military weapons (M)b) Alliances should be made in the open (A)c) Nationalism of ppl should be respected by creating borders that respect cultures (N)d) Trade should be open (I)e) People of the world should self-determine their form of govt (I)f) Create an international league of nations that can collectively resolve conflicts (A)
  26. 26. Activ #17c, Title “Video: US Joins the War”1) Copy Source Title: Lost Battalion2…) Discuss questions on the boardwith a partner. Summarize yourdiscussion (include their name at theend). Remember participation pointsare deducted if off task.5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work SectionsTime Bookmark: 00:00
  27. 27. Act #17a, Title “WWI Letters”1) Sketch the dig site (layout of theletters).2) Piece together the letters andwrite down what you think thisperson’s story is and what eventstook place.3) Find the person who wrote themand verify if your analysis wascorrect, write how close were you
  28. 28. Homework:1) One partner print out 5 articles (10+) pages on your topic for Monday (other partner will be validating the sources)