Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 11/30/09 , Topic: 2 nd Half of WWI 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #49 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
Agenda 1) Introduce WWI Letters Project 2) Eastern Front 3) American Involvement 4) Tomorrow: WWI Film: Lost Battalion What you will be able to do: 1) How is the stalemate broken? Reminder 1) Work on your WWI Letters Project
Review 1) Western Front : 2 mo. after start, both dig in trenches. 4 years: 10+- mi. movement. 2) Trench Warfare : 300-600 yds separated sides by “no mans land. Tech favored defense : barbed wire, machine guns, explosive artillery
Notes #49a , Title: “ WWI - Middle East Notes ” 1) Ottoman Empire : German ally, control Turkey and parts of Middle East ( w help of Bulgaria, cuts off Russia-Allied supply route )
2) Battle of Gallipoli (1915) : Failed British (Indian/Australian) naval assault of seaside forts defending Black Sea, 200k casualties
3) Armenian Genocide : Turkey kills 1-2 million Armenians (Christians) in Turkey (fear they side w Russia). No more Armenians in Turkey.
4) Arab Revolt (1916) : UK ( Lawrence of Arabia ) convince Palestine + Iraq to revolt from Otto. in return for independence ( promise broken ) 5) Sykes-Picot (1916) : UK + France secretly split up Mid. East ( no regard for local ppl+borders )
Work #49a , “ Middle East Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: UK keep part of ME 1) There is early discovery of oil, vital for industrial growth 2) If UK (and France) doesn’t take ME, Russia and other industrial powers will take it PRO: UK give ME freedom 1) UK (Lawrence) promised if they fight, they get freedom 2) By colonizing the ME, it will create a century of mistrust and conflict
Notes #49b , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 6) Eastern Front : Russia had more casualties than any other ally, mass starvation, riots erupt
Notes #49b , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 7) February Revolution (1917) : Tsar Nicholas II steps down, Alex Kerensky leads transitional govt, but won’t end the war ( hopes for victory )
Notes #49b , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 8) Vladimir Lenin : Russian communist leader in exile, Germany sends him to Russia to spark another revolution ( though Kaiser hate comm. )
Work #49b , “ Communism Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Never encourage the spread of communism 1) Ger. as an industrialized capitalist economy is anti-commun 2) Lenin can spread communism to Germany PRO: If you are Ger. send Lenin to Russia 1) Ger. needs to close the Eastern front of the war, Lenin will pull Russia out 2) Who cares about communism if Germany loses, it’s all over
Workbook Check (100 Points): Make Sure: 1) Name + Period written on cover AND side of notebook 2) Opener #s are highlighted 3) Plastic bag inside inside cover 4) Schedule/syllabus inside cover 5) Reference sheets inside cover Staple with the staples grappling in.
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . 2) Work on your World War I Letters Project Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )