The Mating Game: Ch.15 Personality


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The Mating Game: Ch.15 Personality

  1. 1. The Mating GameChapter 15: Personality By: Pamela C. Regan Genesa Garcia Ms. Santiago Sociology 125 Spring 2012
  2. 2. IntroductionThe three personality dimensions: Traits Self-monitoring Sociosexual Orientation
  3. 3. TraitsSupertraits a.k.a. the “Big Five”: Extraversion Neuroticism Openness to experience Agreeableness Conscientiousness
  4. 4. ExtraversionPeople with high levels of this dimension… Often called extroverts Like to socialize Outgoing, cheerful, energetic, self-confident peopleResearchers say… Have higher levels of marital quality Struggle with adjustment and well-being No association between extraversion and marital satisfaction
  5. 5. “It is possible that extraversion does not directly influence relationship stability but rather has an indirect effect by influencing how partners interact with each other… Results suggest that extraverted people may indirectly affect their own relationaloutcomes via the support they provide their partners… Thus, it is possible that the personality attributes —specifically, the extraversion levels—of romantic partners may influence the nature of their interactions… These interpersonal dynamics may work to either enhance or erode the quality and stability of the relationship.” -The Mating Game by Pamela C. Regan
  6. 6. NeuroticismPeople with high levels of this dimension… Called emotional instability or negative emotionality Prone to frequent and intense negative emotions Moody, highly strung, sensitive, touchy peopleResearchers say… Linked with marital dissolution High chances of divorce Associated with both quality and stability of romantic relationships
  7. 7. “High levels of this personality trait are associated with relationship disruption and dissatisfaction.” -The Mating Game by Pamela C. Regan
  8. 8. Self-MonitoringSelf-monitoring is the tendency to monitor or regulate theimages that one presents to othersHigh self-monitors… Treat social interactions as performances Present themselves in a variety of ways to suite different audiences Attentive to social cues and the impressions they make on othersLow self-monitors… Convey their authentic feelings Attentive to their internal state of being Consistent behaviorResearchers say… Not associated with mate preferences Associated with stability and satisfaction in relationships
  9. 9. “…The empirical evidence in general seems toindicate that this personality dimension does play at least some role in mating relationships.” -The Mating Game by Pamela C. Regan
  10. 10. Sociosexual OrientationSociosexuality reflects the extent to which people requireemotional intimacy and commitment before becomingsexually involved with a romantic partnerRestricted Unwilling to engage in sex outside of a committed relationship Require emotional closeness before engaging in sexual activity with a romantic partnerUnrestricted Require substantially less affection before having sex with a romantic partnerResearchers say… Associated with the preference to different types of dating partners Associated with relationship experiences
  11. 11. “…Who we are, to some extent, determines the quality of our relationships.” The Mating Game by Pamela C. Regan
  12. 12. The end