Revelation Week 4


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Week 4 of Survey of Revelation Class

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Revelation Week 4

  1. 1. Survey of Revelation Part IV (6:1 – 8:5) December 23, 2007
  2. 2. Revelation in Art
  3. 3. Revelation in Architecture
  4. 4. Assumptions about Revelation <ul><li>The Seven Churches in Revelation 1 understood John’s message </li></ul><ul><li>We must interpret the book within the context of Scripture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbols in Revelation are to be interpreted by reference to Scripture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The WCF limits our understanding of eschatology </li></ul><ul><li>God has related to us by the covenants that He established with the saints in the Bible </li></ul>
  5. 5. Goals for studying Revelation <ul><li>Gain an understanding of the overall structure of Revelation </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the purpose of Revelation within the canon </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to work with the the symbols of the book </li></ul><ul><li>Become comfortable with the Book of Revelation as devotional literature </li></ul><ul><li>Gain a basic understanding of the different eschatological schools of thought </li></ul>
  6. 7. Review – Structure of the Book <ul><li>Vision 1 The Church in Asia Minor (ch. 1-3) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 2 Seven Seals (ch. 4-7 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 3 Seven Trumpets (ch. 8-11) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 4 The Battle against Satan (ch. 12-14) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 5 Seven Bowls (ch. 15-16) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 6 The Downfall of Babylon (ch. 17-19) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 7 The New Heavens and New Earth (20-22) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Review – Lesson 3 <ul><li>In Rev. 4-5 we saw God’s Throne Room </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We get a glimpse into Heaven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24 elders surround Him – Represent the 12 tribes of Israel and 12 Apostles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four creatures also surround Him (ox, man, eagle, lion) – represent God’s creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of the elders give their crowns to God </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In Chapter 5 we are shown a scroll and seal which bind the scroll </li></ul>
  8. 9. Review – Lesson 3 (Cont.) <ul><li>We are then introduced to the Lion of the Tribe of Judah </li></ul><ul><li>The elders give the Lamb worship indicating that He is God </li></ul><ul><li>The golden bowls of incense represent the prayers of the saints </li></ul><ul><li>We then see the whole host of Heaven joins in the worship of the Lamb </li></ul>
  9. 10. Rev. 6: The First Six Seals <ul><li>In Rev. 4-5 we have seen the throne room of God, and gotten a taste for God’s majesty and holiness </li></ul><ul><li>Now the scene changes to the world where we see executing judgment on the world </li></ul><ul><li>The four horsemen represent conquest, war, famine, and death </li></ul><ul><li>What can we say about the significance of four horses? </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Four Horses of 6:1-8 <ul><li>White horse (6:1-2): Sent out to conquer those who oppose the Lamb </li></ul><ul><li>Red horse (6:3-4) The color probably represents God’s fire and the blood those on whom judgment fell </li></ul><ul><li>Black horse (6:5-6): This judgment shows the scarcity on the earth but a situation that is not permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Pale horse (6:7-8): Maybe represents fear as one-fourth of the people on the earth are slaughtered </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Martyr’s Cry in 6:9-11 <ul><li>The righteous ones who followed the Lamb ask for judgment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are given white robes showing that they are pure and have conquered as faithful servants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are told they must wait </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We are reminded of the many times that David cries out for judgment against the wicked and God comforts Him reminding David that He is in control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ps. 13:1,2; 35:17; 74:10 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. The Great Judgment of 6:12-17 <ul><li>The judgments are visited on all of the created order (earth, sun, moon, stars, sky, land, man) </li></ul><ul><li>The creation responding to God’s wrath is a theme in the OT (Ex. 19:18, Is. 29:6) </li></ul><ul><li>The judgment is complete in v.15 since every class of man is mentioned </li></ul><ul><li>All men realize that they have sinned against God and just like Adam and Eve they flee and try to hide from God </li></ul>
  13. 14. God Protects Israel: 7:1-8 <ul><li>Before the judgments of the previous passage are visited on the world God seals and protects His church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>144,000 (12 X 12,000) are sealed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All believers are sealed, not just Jewish ones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>List is interesting since Dan is excluded and Manasseh is included </li></ul>
  14. 15. The Great Multitude (7:9-17) <ul><li>This multitude came from every “nation, tribe, people, and language” fulfilling the prophesy to Abraham that all nations would be blessed through him (Gen 12:3) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The 144,000 are the remnant of Israel but the bringing of the Gentiles into the Church was always in Gods plan (Gal. 3:26-29) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The people are the ones who have come out of the great tribulation (v.14) which can comfort Christians of all ages </li></ul><ul><li>The picture here anticipates the final reward given to God’s people but there is still much more of the story left to tell </li></ul><ul><li>We have a model here for what our worship ought to look like </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Seventh Seal (8:1-5) <ul><li>We expect the opening of the seventh seal to be dramatic but instead there is silence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps this emphasizes the kind of silence that often occurs when people are in God’s presence (Hab. 2:20, Zeph 1:7) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is the prayers of the saints symbolized in the incense that breaks the silence and begins again the cycle of judgments on the enemies of the Lamb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God pours out judgment in response to the worship of His people before His throne </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Summary – What We Know So Far <ul><li>Revelation written to the churches of Asia which are representative of God’s people throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Christ judges these churches praising them for faithfulness and reprimanding them for disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 4,5 we are given a glimpse into the throne room of God where the Lamb is given the power to proclaim judgment and God’s people praise Him for His great works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All in Heaven: 24 elders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All on Earth: 4 creatures </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Summary (Cont.) <ul><li>In Rev. 6 the Lamb visits the earth with judgment </li></ul><ul><li>The martyrs cry out for justice </li></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 7 God’s people are “sealed” and protected against the judgment which is being visited on the earth </li></ul><ul><li>The righteous again praise the Lamb for his salvation </li></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 8 the final seal is broken and God’s people stand in silence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This sets the stage for the next round of judgments on the earth </li></ul></ul>