Survey of Revelation Part V (7:1 – 9:21) December 30, 2007
Review - Assumptions <ul><li>We must interpret the book within the context of Scripture </li></ul><ul><li>The symbols in o...
Review - Goals  <ul><li>Gain an understanding of the overall structure of Revelation </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the purp...
Symbols are Important
Symbols in Revelation
Symbols in Revelation
Review – Structure of the Book <ul><li>Vision 1  The Church in Asia Minor (ch. 1-3) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 2  Seven Seal...
Review - Rev. 6: The First Six Seals <ul><li>In Rev. 6 the scene changes from the throne room of God to the world where we...
God Protects Israel: 7:1-8 <ul><li>Before the judgments of the previous passage are visited on the world God seals and pro...
The Great Multitude (7:9-17) <ul><li>This multitude came from every “nation, tribe, people, and language” fulfilling the p...
The Seventh Seal (8:1-5) <ul><li>We expect the opening of the seventh seal to be dramatic but instead there is silence </l...
The Seven Trumpets (8:6-9:21) <ul><li>While the seven seals announce that calamity is about to fall, the trumpets contain ...
The First Four Trumpets (8:7-13) <ul><li>The first trumpet (8:7) talks of hail and fire which brings back memories of God’...
The Fifth Trumpet (9:1-12) <ul><li>We immediately think here of the eighth plague on the Egyptians (Ex. 10:13-15) although...
The Sixth Trumpet (9:13-21) <ul><li>The horns of the altar here refer to the purification of the sins of God’s people in L...
Summary – What We Know So Far <ul><li>Revelation written to the churches of Asia which are representative of God’s people ...
Summary (Cont.) <ul><li>Also in Rev. 6 the martyrs cry out for justice </li></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 7 God’s people are “seale...
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Revelation Week 5

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Week 5 of Survey of Revelation Class

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Revelation Week 5

  1. 1. Survey of Revelation Part V (7:1 – 9:21) December 30, 2007
  2. 2. Review - Assumptions <ul><li>We must interpret the book within the context of Scripture </li></ul><ul><li>The symbols in one part of Scripture, particularly the OT, give us clues as to how to interpret symbols in the Book of Revelation </li></ul><ul><li>The WCF limits our understanding of eschatology </li></ul><ul><li>The Book of Revelation is structured by the covenants God has made with man </li></ul>
  3. 3. Review - Goals <ul><li>Gain an understanding of the overall structure of Revelation </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the purpose of Revelation within the canon </li></ul><ul><li>Become comfortable with the Book of Revelation as devotional literature </li></ul><ul><li>Gain a basic understanding of the different eschatological schools of thought </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to work with the symbols of the book </li></ul>
  4. 4. Symbols are Important
  5. 5. Symbols in Revelation
  6. 6. Symbols in Revelation
  7. 7. Review – Structure of the Book <ul><li>Vision 1 The Church in Asia Minor (ch. 1-3) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 2 Seven Seals (ch. 4-7 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 3 Seven Trumpets (ch. 8-11) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 4 The Battle against Satan (ch. 12-14) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 5 Seven Bowls (ch. 15-16) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 6 The Downfall of Babylon (ch. 17-19) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision 7 The New Heavens and New Earth (20-22) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Review - Rev. 6: The First Six Seals <ul><li>In Rev. 6 the scene changes from the throne room of God to the world where we see Him executing judgment on the world </li></ul><ul><li>The four horsemen (6:1-8) represent conquest, war, famine, and death </li></ul><ul><li>We then hear (6:9-11) from the martyrs who cry out for judgment on the wicked and we are reminded of many of the Psalms of David </li></ul><ul><li>Then (6:12-17) we read of the judgments against all of creation and against all men and are reminded of another OT theme where the creation responds to God’s wrath </li></ul>
  9. 9. God Protects Israel: 7:1-8 <ul><li>Before the judgments of the previous passage are visited on the world God seals and protects His church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>144,000 (12 X 12,000) are sealed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All believers are sealed, not just Jewish ones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>List is interesting since Dan is excluded and Manasseh is included </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Great Multitude (7:9-17) <ul><li>This multitude came from every “nation, tribe, people, and language” fulfilling the prophesy to Abraham that all nations would be blessed through him (Gen 12:3) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The 144,000 are the remnant of Israel but the bringing of the Gentiles into the Church was always in Gods plan (Gal. 3:26-29) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The people are the ones who have come out of the great tribulation (v.14) – this fact is meant to comfort Christians of all ages </li></ul><ul><li>The picture here anticipates the final reward given to God’s people but there is still much more of the story left to tell </li></ul><ul><li>We have a model here for what our worship ought to look like </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Seventh Seal (8:1-5) <ul><li>We expect the opening of the seventh seal to be dramatic but instead there is silence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps this emphasizes the kind of silence that often occurs when people are in God’s presence (Hab. 2:20, Zeph 1:7) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is the prayers of the saints symbolized in the incense that breaks the silence and begins again the cycle of judgments on the enemies of the Lamb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God pours out judgment in response to the worship of His people before His throne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ps. 18:6-15 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Seven Trumpets (8:6-9:21) <ul><li>While the seven seals announce that calamity is about to fall, the trumpets contain descriptions of the calamities themselves </li></ul><ul><li>The seven angels in Heaven and the seven angels of the churches of Asia are most likely one and the same indicating a connection between earthly and heavenly events </li></ul><ul><li>Trumpets are used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In ceremonies as in the march around Jericho (Josh 6) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To proclaim the rule of a new king (I Kings 1:34, 39; Ps. 47:5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a warning sign of approaching judgment (Is. 58:1, Jer. 4:5-8; 6:1, Ez. 33:1-6) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In preparation for war (Num. 10:1-9) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To commemorate feast days (Lev. 34:24-25; Num. 29:1-6) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The First Four Trumpets (8:7-13) <ul><li>The first trumpet (8:7) talks of hail and fire which brings back memories of God’s judgment on the Egyptians (Ex. 9:23-24) </li></ul><ul><li>The second trumpet brings another calamity using a mountain as a metaphor that brings to mind thoughts of Matt. 21:21-22) </li></ul><ul><li>The third trumpet perhaps alludes to the bitter waters of Egypt in Ex. 7:21 and the fall of Babylon in Is. 14:12-15 </li></ul><ul><li>The darkness of the fourth trumpet again reminds us of Egypt and is further underscored by an eagle who in the OT is used as a symbol of both God’s protection (Deut. 32:9-11 and judgment (Deut. 28:48; Jer. 4:13) </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Fifth Trumpet (9:1-12) <ul><li>We immediately think here of the eighth plague on the Egyptians (Ex. 10:13-15) although this calamity is worse </li></ul><ul><li>The Abyss (bottomless pit) is the farthest extreme from Heaven in the Scriptures and is Satan’s domain (Rev. 20:1-3, Luke 8:31) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So Hell is about to break loose on God’s enemies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>God’s judgment falls on those who have not been sealed (7:3-8) </li></ul><ul><li>These hordes of Satanic fighters were meant to strike fear into the enemy as was their leader, Apollyon (the destroyer) </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Sixth Trumpet (9:13-21) <ul><li>The horns of the altar here refer to the purification of the sins of God’s people in Lev. 4:13-21 assuring the people that God would hear their prayers </li></ul><ul><li>The Euphrates is that river which separates Israel from her northern pagan enemies (see Gen. 15:18-20) </li></ul><ul><li>The precise timing of this event (v.15) perhaps indicates that this is a specific event in history but likely it looks towards future judgments </li></ul><ul><li>The magnitude and ferocity (v. 16-19) of the carnage can be compared to God’s judgments on Israel recorded in Joel 1-2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulfur and snakes indicate the demonic nature of this force </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Despite all of the death and suffering the men who survive still do not repent thus setting the stage for future judgments </li></ul>
  16. 16. Summary – What We Know So Far <ul><li>Revelation written to the churches of Asia which are representative of God’s people throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Christ judges these churches praising them for faithfulness and reprimanding them for disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 4,5 we are given a glimpse into the throne room of God where the Lamb is given the power to proclaim judgment and God’s people praise Him for His great works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All in Heaven: 24 elders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All on Earth: 4 creatures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 6 the Lamb visits the earth with judgment </li></ul>
  17. 17. Summary (Cont.) <ul><li>Also in Rev. 6 the martyrs cry out for justice </li></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 7 God’s people are “sealed” and protected against the judgment which is being visited on the earth </li></ul><ul><li>The righteous again praise the Lamb for his salvation </li></ul><ul><li>In Rev. 8 the final seal is broken and God’s people stand in silence </li></ul><ul><li>The trumpets In Rev. 8-9 which represent the execution of God’s judgment are now blown and God’s wrath is visited on the nations who have disobeyed Him </li></ul>

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