Transformation class 02.26.2012

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Revelation Chapter 17

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  • Joh 4:1 Jesus realized that the Pharisees were keeping count of the baptisms that he and John performed Joh 4:2 (although his disciples, not Jesus, did the actual baptizing). They had posted the score that Jesus was ahead, turning him and John into rivals in the eyes of the people. Joh 4:3 So Jesus left the Judean countryside and went back to Galilee. Joh 4:4 To get there, he had to pass through Samaria. Joh 4:5 He came into Sychar, a Samaritan village that bordered the field Jacob had given his son Joseph. Joh 4:6 Jacob's well was still there. Jesus, worn out by the trip, sat down at the well. It was noon. Joh 4:7 A woman, a Samaritan, came to draw water. Jesus said, "Would you give me a drink of water?" Joh 4:8 (His disciples had gone to the village to buy food for lunch.) Joh 4:9 The Samaritan woman, taken aback, asked, "How come you, a Jew, are asking me, a Samaritan woman, for a drink?" (Jews in those days wouldn't be caught dead talking to Samaritans.) Joh 4:10 Jesus answered, "If you knew the generosity of God and who I am, you would be asking me for a drink, and I would give you fresh, living water." Joh 4:11 The woman said, "Sir, you don't even have a bucket to draw with, and this well is deep. So how are you going to get this 'living water'? Joh 4:12 Are you a better man than our ancestor Jacob, who dug this well and drank from it, he and his sons and livestock, and passed it down to us?" Joh 4:13 Jesus said, "Everyone who drinks this water will get thirsty again and again. Joh 4:14 Anyone who drinks the water I give will never thirst--not ever. The water I give will be an artesian spring within, gushing fountains of endless life." Joh 4:15 The woman said, "Sir, give me this water so I won't ever get thirsty, won't ever have to come back to this well again!" Joh 4:16 He said, "Go call your husband and then come back." Joh 4:17 "I have no husband," she said. "That's nicely put: 'I have no husband.' Joh 4:18 You've had five husbands, and the man you're living with now isn't even your husband. You spoke the truth there, sure enough." Joh 4:19 "Oh, so you're a prophet! Joh 4:20 Well, tell me this: Our ancestors worshiped God at this mountain, but you Jews insist that Jerusalem is the only place for worship, right?" Joh 4:21 "Believe me, woman, the time is coming when you Samaritans will worship the Father neither here at this mountain nor there in Jerusalem. Joh 4:22 You worship guessing in the dark; we Jews worship in the clear light of day. God's way of salvation is made available through the Jews. Joh 4:23 But the time is coming--it has, in fact, come--when what you're called will not matter and where you go to worship will not matter. "It's who you are and the way you live that count before God. Your worship must engage your spirit in the pursuit of truth. That's the kind of people the Father is out looking for: those who are simply and honestly themselves before him in their worship. Joh 4:24 God is sheer being itself--Spirit. Those who worship him must do it out of their very being, their spirits, their true selves, in adoration." Joh 4:25 The woman said, "I don't know about that. I do know that the Messiah is coming. When he arrives, we'll get the whole story." Joh 4:26 "I am he," said Jesus. "You don't have to wait any longer or look any further."
  • This chapter, therefore, is merely introductory to what follows, and its interpretation is attended with no particular difficulty. It is a beautiful scenic representation preparatory to the infliction of predicted judgments, and designed to introduce the account of those judgments with suitable circumstances of solemnity.
  • The previous chapter Rev_15:1-8 had described the preparation for the last plagues that were to come upon that mighty anti-Christian power to which this series of prophetic visions refers. All is now ready; and this chapter contains the description of those seven last “plagues” under which this power would reel and fall. These “plagues” are described as if they were a succession of physical calamities that would come upon this anti-Christian power, and bring it to an end; though perhaps it is not necessary to look for a literal infliction of such calamities. The course of the exposition thus far will lead us to regard this chapter as a description of the successive blows by which the papacy will fall. A part of this is still undoubtedly future, though perhaps not far distant; and, in reference to this, and to some portions of the remainder of the book, there may be more difficulty in satisfying the mind than in the portions which pertain to past events.
  • The Destruction of the Final World Religion People are incurably religious, because God created them to be worshipers. They will inevitably worship someone or something, if not the true God, then false gods of their own making. People are made with a God-shaped vacuum that they are constantly seeking to fill. Since the Fall, man’s innate longing to know God has been twisted and perverted. People still seek something to worship but no longer seek the true God. Into mankind’s spiritual vacuum step Satan, “the father of lies” ( Joh_8:44 ) and his demon hosts, disguised as angels of light. Because false religion is so much a part of this fallen world, it is no surprise that it will play a major role in the end times. During the Tribulation, all the world’s diverse false religions will be reunited into one great world religion. That ultimate expression of false religion will be an essential element of Antichrist’s final world empire, in holding together his military, economic, and political structure. Only religion can unite the world in the most compelling way. Politics, economics, even military force are unable to overcome the world’s cultural diversity. Only religion, with its appeal to the supernatural, can transcend the physical, geographical, historical, economic, and cultural barriers to world unity. Chapter 17 reveals the spiritual nature of Antichrist’s kingdom; chapter 18 follows with its material aspects. God will destroy both aspects of Antichrist’s kingdom.
  • During the Tribulation, people will desperately seek religion because of what will be happening in the world. As the hammer blows of God’s judgment (the seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments) devastate the earth and terrorize its inhabitants, people will turn in desperation to Antichrist as their savior. Aided by the false prophet and hordes of deceiving demons, Antichrist will establish a worldwide religion, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” How can the future religious Babylon be the mother of all false religion? To comprehend the Babylonian false religion of the future requires an understanding of Babylon’s role in the false religion of the past. The story of Babylon begins with the Tower of Babel Journeying east after the Flood, Noah’s descendants arrived at the site of Babylon (the “land of Shinar”). In history’s first great humanistic effort, they decided to build a monument to themselves, to “make for [themselves] a name.” God judgmentally scattered those proud rebels from Babel Throughout history Babylon has been an important center of false religion. In the end times, false religion will come back to where it started. The devil who deceived the people at Babel, and from there launched false religion over the earth, will deceive the world once again. The final world religion, depicted as a harlot, is the theme of this vision, which records the exposure of the harlot, the explanation of the harlot, and the extermination of the harlot. That it was one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls who came and spoke with John connects the judgment of the harlot with the seven last plagues (16:1-21). The great harlot that will be judged is not an actual prostitute. The term harlot is a metaphor for false religion, spiritual defection, idolatry, and religious apostasy. Besides Babylon, several cities in Scripture are designated harlot cities because of their idolatry and pursuit of false religion. Nineveh ( Nah_3:1 , Nah_3:4 ), Tyre ( Isa_23:15-17 ), and, sadly, Jerusalem ( Isa_1:21 ) are examples of cities that committed spiritual fornication. This is a key chapter, for the mystery of the great harlot and the beast is explained, and one's understanding of this chapter will affect their interpretation of the rest of the book. John is carried away into the wilderness where he is shown the great harlot “Babylon” , with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication and the inhabitants of the earth were drunk with the wine of her fornication. She is seen sitting on a scarlet beast with seven heads and ten horns. She is dressed in purple and scarlet, adorned with gold, precious stones and pearls. In her hand is a gold cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication. On her forehead is written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH Seeing the woman drunk with the blood of the saints (Old Testament saints?) and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus, John marvels with great amazement ( 1-6 ).
  • Scarlet is the color associated with luxury, splendor, and royalty. It is also the color associated with sin and the hue of blood. Before the next alliance of the harlot is revealed, the scene of John’s vision changes. The angel with whom John had been speaking carried him away in the Spirit into a wilderness. Wilderness translates erēmos , which describes a deserted, desolate wasteland like the region where modern Babylon is located. In that place John saw a woman — the Babylonian harlot whom the angel had just described ( Rev_17:1-2 ). She was sitting on a scarlet beast, whose description identifies him as Antichrist. That the woman was sitting on the scarlet beast signifies that he was supporting her. The initial unifying and controlling factor of Antichrist’s kingdom will be religion. With the heavens and the earth being ravaged by God’s judgments, and the world’s political, economic, and military might crumbling, people will turn in desperation to the supernatural. The beast and the woman will coexist for a while; that is, the religion will be separate from the kingdom of Antichrist at first. But eventually “the beast … will hate the harlot and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire” ( Rev_17:16 ). It will be at that point that the false prophet will make the whole world worship Antichrist, and everything will be one in the beast’s universal and comprehensive rule. Prostitutes usually dress so as to attract attention to themselves, and metaphorically the harlot Babylon will be no different. John saw her clothed in purple and scarlet, the colors of royalty, prosperity, nobility, and wealth (cf. Jdg_8:26 ; Est_8:15 ; Lam_4:5 ; Eze_23:6 ; Dan_5:7 , Dan_5:16 , Dan_5:29 ). That she is adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls portrays her as a prostitute who is both attractive (cf. Pro_7:10 ) and has plied her trade successfully and become extremely wealthy. All those who dwell on the earth (a technical term for unbelievers; cf. Rev_17:8 ; Rev_3:10 ; Rev_6:10 ; Rev_8:13 ; Rev_11:10 ; Rev_13:8 , Rev_13:12 , Rev_13:14 ; Rev_14:6 ) were made drunk with the wine of her immorality. All the unredeemed will be caught up in the final false religion; they will give their hearts and souls to the abominable Babylonian harlot. The angel is not describing people who are physically drunk with literal wine committing sexual immorality with an actual prostitute, though that may be happening. Instead, he is talking about those who are passionately intoxicated with Antichrist’s illicit false world religion. The imagery derives from Jer_51:7 , which says of ancient Babylon, “Babylon has been a golden cup in the hand of the Lord, intoxicating all the earth. The nations have drunk of her wine; therefore the nations are going mad.”
  • The angel then proceeds to tell John the mystery of the woman and the beast that carries her. He begins with the beast first, described as one who “was, is not, and is about to come” (NASB). This beast will ascend out of the bottomless pit (cf. Re 11:7 ) and go to perdition (cf. Re 19:20 ). The seven heads of the beast represent seven mountains upon which the woman sits. There are seven kings , five of whom have fallen, one is, and the other has yet to come. The beast is then described as the eighth king , though of the seven. The ten horns represent ten kings who give their power and authority to the beast, make war against the Lamb, and eventually turn on the harlot herself. The harlot is finally described as that “great city” (cf. Re 11:8;14:8; 16:19 ) which reigns over the kings of the earth ( 7-18 ). In response to John’s confusion and amazement, the angel said to him rhetorically, “Why do you wonder?” There was no need for John to remain puzzled by the relation of the beast to this beautiful yet bloody woman in the vision; the angel was about to explain to him the mystery of the woman ( Rev_17:18 ) and of the beast that carries her ( Rev_17:8-17 ). The apostle understood that the woman represented a false religious system, and that the beast was the Antichrist, as the reference to his seven heads and … ten horns indicates (cf. Rev_17:3 ; Rev_13:1 ). What he did not understand was the connection between the two figures. It had been revealed to John in a previous vision that the whole world would worship Antichrist ( Rev_13:4 , Rev_13:8 , Rev_13:12 ). That may have been what raised the question in John’s mind as to how the woman fits into the picture, particularly how it is that the beast … carries her. The angel identifies the woman whom John saw as the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth. The angel quite clearly and repeatedly refers to Babylon on the Euphrates throughout chapters 17-18. The description of Babylon’s destruction also suggests that an actual city is in view. Thus, a rebuilt city of Babylon will be closely identified with Antichrist’s world empire, perhaps as its capital city. That city will be the center of his kingdom, the extent of which will be the whole earth. The site of modern Babylon is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Europe, and Africa and is not far from the Persian Gulf. It is also near the world’s richest oil fields and has a virtually unlimited water supply from the Euphrates. Those considerations led the famed historian Arnold Toynbee to proclaim that Babylon would be an ideal site for an important political and cultural center
  • In Rev_17:8-14 the angel gives John a lengthy description of the beast. He is explaining to John the relationship between the harlot and the beast, which had mystified the apostle ( Rev_17:6-7 ). But for John to grasp that connection, the angel needed first to give him further details about the beast. This further describes the nature of the beast and his kingdom, enhancing the description of him in chapter 13. As previously noted, the beast that John saw is Antichrist, the satanic ruler of the last and most powerful empire in human history, who will serve as Satan’s instrument to attack Israel, persecute believers, conquer the world for Satan, and oppose Christ. Scripture portrays him as an intellectual genius ( Dan_7:8 ); an outstanding orator ( Dan_7:20 ); a military leader without parallel in human history ( Dan_7:23 ); a shrewd, calculating, manipulating politician ( Dan_8:25 ; Dan_11:21 ); and the ultimate religious charlatan ( 2Th_2:4 ). The angel briefly reviews the detailed description of him given in Rev_13:1-10 . The beast is described as one who was, and is not, and is about to come again. As noted in the discussion of Rev_13:3 and Rev_13:12 in chapters four and five of this volume, that phrase refers to Antichrist’s faked death and resurrection. The false prophet will use that alleged miracle to deceive the entire world into worshiping Antichrist ( Rev_13:14 ). Up till that point, Antichrist’s political and economic empire will coexist with the false religious system headed by the false prophet. But after his staged “resurrection,” Antichrist, then indwelt by a powerful demon out of the abyss (the place where certain demons are incarcerated; cf. Rev_9:11 ; Rev_11:7 ; Rev_20:1 , Rev_20:3 ; Luk_8:31 ; and the discussion in Revelation 1-11, The MacArthur New Testament Commentary [Chicago: Moody, 1999], 257-58), will turn on the false religious system and destroy it. He will tolerate only one religion — the worship of himself. Antichrist’s faked resurrection and his destruction of the false religious system will take place approximately halfway through the Tribulation period. At that point, he will be the undisputed ruler of the world, with unilateral power. He will appear to have reached the apex of his sovereignty, and be ready to thwart the coming of Christ and His kingdom. Yet in reality, Antichrist will be about to be crushed and sent to destruction — eternal damnation in the lake of fire ( Rev_19:20 ; Rev_20:10 ). That will be the appropriate punishment for the “son of destruction” ( 2Th_2:3 ), who dared in his insolent pride to copy the sin of Lucifer (cf. Isa_14:12-14 ) and challenge the King of Kings and Lord of Lords.
  • Antichrist’s alliance with the false religious system will not last. Eventually the ten horns (the ten kings who rule under Antichrist) and the beast (Antichrist himself) will come to hate the harlot. Having used the false religious system to help him gain control of the world, Antichrist will discard it. In his rampant megalomania, he will want the world to worship only him. He will also no doubt covet the vast wealth of the false religious system. Thus, he will turn on the harlot and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire. That graphic language of extreme violence is used to make clear that Antichrist and his henchmen will utterly and completely obliterate all vestiges of the false religious system. Antichrist’s self-serving, satanically inspired actions are, however, precisely in the scope of God’s sovereign plan. In fact, it is God who will put it in the hearts of Antichrist’s followers to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by giving their kingdom to the beast. God’s power is behind the destruction and consolidation of the evil empire; as always, Satan is the instrument of God’s purposes. The one-world unification government so long sought by the humanists will have finally arrived, only to be destroyed in one great act of divine judgment. All the words of God — every prophecy of Christ’s return and the setting up of His kingdom — will be fulfilled completely. God hates every form of false religion and will not tolerate those who seek to rob Him of His glory ( Isa_42:8 ). Antichrist’s religious empire will be judged and destroyed. So also, as chapter 18 of Revelation reveals, will be the political and economic aspects of that evil world empire.
  • As indicated in the introductory material, my understanding of this book focuses on the fact that John is given this revelation at a time when the beast “is not” ( Re 17:8,11 ). Whatever explanation one gives for the beast, it did not exist at the time of the Revelation! It had existed, and was about to come, but at the time John was shown the vision, it “is not” . One plausible explanation is that the seven (actually eight) kings represent Roman emperors, starting with Augustus. This would make Nero the fifth king, whose death in 68 A.D. left the empire in an uproar and may be the “deadly wound” referred to Re 13:3,12,14 . Discounting Galba, Otho, and Vitellius whose insignificant reigns were short-lived during the turmoil, the sixth king ( “one is” ) would be Vespasian who restored order to the empire. This would make Titus the seventh emperor and Domitian the eighth. The beast that “was, and is not, and will ascend” therefore depicts the persecuting Roman emperor, seen first in the person of Nero (the beast who “was” ) and later in the person of Domitian (the beast who “will ascend” ). The “ten kings” who gave their power and authority to the beast appear to be vassal kings that supported the emperor in times of persecution. The identity of the harlot is still an open question in my own mind. Many understand her to represent the commercial and immoral spirit of Rome (not the literal city itself, for she was never destroyed as described in later chapters) which was instrumental in opposing the people of God. There is much to be said for this view. Re 17:2,18; 18:3,9,11 certainly seem to fit Rome. However, I lean toward the view that the harlot represents Jerusalem , often supported in her persecution of the church by the Roman empire but then destroyed herself by Rome in A.D. 70. It is interesting to compare such verses as Re 17:6; 18:20,24; 19:2 with Jesus' statements in Mt 23:31-39 . As foretold by Jesus in both Matthew and Revelation, God was about to avenge His apostles and prophets on this city “who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her” ( Re 18:20; Mt 23:37 ). While the identity of the beast, the kings, and the harlot might be unclear in the minds of some, the outcome of the conflict described in this chapter is certain. In what may be described as the theme of this book, we are told that: “ These will make war with Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful.” (Re 17:14) Comforting words indeed to those early Christians who were persecuted by both the Roman emperor and unbelieving Jerusalem!
  • Transformation class 02.26.2012

    1. 1. Chapter Seventeen February 26, 2012
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Thought for the Week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Born to Declare His Praises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review Chapter Seventeen and Sixteen </li></ul><ul><li>Summary Chapter Seventeen </li></ul>
    3. 3. Born to Declare His Praises <ul><li>Born to Declare His Praises </li></ul><ul><li>“ But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood... that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.” 1 Peter 2:9 </li></ul>
    4. 4. Praise to the Lord <ul><li>“ Through Jesus, therefore, let us continually offer to God a sacrifice of praise – the fruit of lips that confess his name” Hebrews 13:15. </li></ul><ul><li>Praise is an expression of admiration and appreciation. </li></ul><ul><li>When we praise someone, we tell them: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How wonderful we think they are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How great their accomplishments are </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the same way, when we praise God: </li></ul><ul><li>We are acknowledging His character and power </li></ul><ul><li>“ Because your love is better than life, my lips will glorify you. I will praise you as long as I live…” Psalm 63:3-4. </li></ul>
    5. 5. We praise God for many reasons… <ul><li>Because of who He is: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sing praises to God, sing praises…for God is the King of all the earth; sing to him a psalm of praise” Psalm 47:6-7. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of what He does: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Praise the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits. He forgives all my sins and heals all my diseases; he redeems my life from the pit and crowns me with love and compassion. He satisfies my desires with good things, so that my youth is renewed like the eagle’s” Psalm 103.2-5. </li></ul><ul><li>We are to praise God… </li></ul><ul><li>At all times (Psalm 34:1) </li></ul><ul><li>In every circumstance (1 Thess. 5:16-18) </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by God’s people (Psalm 22:22) </li></ul><ul><li>On our beds (Psalm 63:4-6) </li></ul><ul><li>Among the nations (Psalm 57:9) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Expressions of praise <ul><li>In the Bible we see many ways of expressing praise to the Lord: </li></ul><ul><li>With the mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Singing (Psalm 9:2,11) </li></ul><ul><li>Praising (Psalm 103.1) </li></ul><ul><li>Shouting (Psalm 47:1) </li></ul><ul><li>With the hands </li></ul><ul><li>Lifting (Psalm 63:4) </li></ul><ul><li>Clapping (Psalm 47:1) </li></ul><ul><li>Musical instruments (Psalm 150) </li></ul><ul><li>With the feet </li></ul><ul><li>Standing (Psalm 134:1KJV) </li></ul><ul><li>Kneeling, bowing (Psalm 95:6) </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing and leaping for joy (Psalm 30:11) </li></ul><ul><li>These are outward expressions of what is coming from the heart. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Praise the Lord, O my soul; all my in most being, praise his holy name” Psalm103:1 </li></ul>
    7. 7. Praise about the Lord <ul><li>Praise is not only directed in words toward the Lord. </li></ul><ul><li>We praise God every time we speak about Him to others. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let everything that has breath praise the Lord. Praise the Lord” Psalm 150:6. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Chapter Fifteen Summary <ul><li>John sees: </li></ul><ul><li>a new sign or wonder in heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Seven angels appear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>having the seven last plagues that fill up or complete the wrath of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>representing the wrath that is to come upon the beast, or the complete overthrow of this formidable anti-Christian power, Rev_15:1 . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Those who in former times had “gotten the victory over the beast,” now appear standing on a sea of glass, rejoicing and rendering thanks for the assurance that this great enemy of the church was now to be destroyed, and that now all nations were to come and worship before God, Rev_15:2-4 . </li></ul>
    9. 9. Chapter Fifteen Summary <ul><li>John sees: </li></ul><ul><li>The interior of the temple opened in heaven </li></ul><ul><li>The seven angels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>have the seven plagues, issue forth to execute their commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They come clothed in pure and white linen and girded with golden girdles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the four beasts before the throne immediately gives them the seven golden vials full of the wrath of God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to empty them upon the earth - that is, to bring upon the beast the predicted destruction. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The temple is immediately filled with smoke, so that no one might enter; that is, no one could now approach to make intercession, and the destruction of this great enemy’s power is now certain, Rev_15:5-8 . </li></ul>
    10. 10. Chapter Sixteen Summary <ul><li>The chapter comprises statements on the following points: </li></ul><ul><li>A command is issued from the temple to the seven angels, to go and execute the commission with which they were entrusted, Rev_16:1 . </li></ul><ul><li>The first angel pours out his vial upon the earth followed by a plague upon those who had worshipped the beast and his image, Rev_16:2 . </li></ul><ul><li>The second angel pours out his vial upon the sea - followed by the death of all that were in the sea, Rev_16:3 . </li></ul><ul><li>The third angel pours out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters, and they become blood. This is followed by an ascription of praise from the angel of the waters, because God had given to those who had shed the blood of the saints blood to drink, with a response from the altar that this was just, Rev_16:4-7 . </li></ul>
    11. 11. Chapter Sixteen Summary <ul><li>The fourth angel pours out his vial upon the sun, and an intenser heat is given to it to scorch people. The consequence is, that they blaspheme the name of God, but repent not of their sins, Rev_16:8-9 . </li></ul><ul><li>The fifth angel pours out his vial upon the very seat of the beast, and his kingdom is full of darkness. People still blaspheme the name of God and repent not of their sins, Rev_16:10-11 . </li></ul><ul><li>The sixth angel pours out his vial upon the great river Euphrates. The consequence is, that the waters of the river are dried up, so that the way of the kings of the East might be prepared. The writer sees also, in this connection, three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, that go forth into all the earth to gather all nations to the great day of the battle of God Almighty, Rev_16:12-16 . </li></ul>
    12. 12. Chapter Sixteen Summary <ul><li>The seventh angel pours out his vial into the air, and a voice is heard answering that “it is done:” the time of the consummation has come - the formidable anti-Christian power is to come to an end. </li></ul><ul><li>The great city is divided into three parts; the cities of the nations fall; great Babylon thus comes up in remembrance before God to receive the punishment which is her due. </li></ul><ul><li>This terrific scene is accompanied with voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake, and with great hail - a tempest of wrath beating upon that formidable power that had so long stood up against God, Rev_16:17-21. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Chapter Seventeen Objectives <ul><li>To appreciate the importance of this chapter in interpreting the book of Revelation </li></ul><ul><li>2) To note the significance of the fact that the beast “is not” when the Revelation was given </li></ul><ul><li>3) To ascertain the identity of the great harlot and the scarlet beast </li></ul>
    14. 14. Chapter Seventeen Summary <ul><li>I. THE SCARLET WOMAN AND THE SCARLET BEAST (1-6) </li></ul><ul><li>A. JOHN IS APPROACHED BY AN ANGEL (1-2) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Who offers to show him the judgment of the great harlot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a. Which sits on many waters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b. With whom kings of the earth have committed fornication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c. With whom inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Chapter Seventeen Summary <ul><li>I. THE SCARLET WOMAN AND THE SCARLET BEAST (1-6) </li></ul><ul><li>B. JOHN IS SHOWN THE SCARLET WOMAN ON THE SCARLET BEAST (3-6) </li></ul><ul><li>1. He is carried away by the angel in the Spirit into the wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>2. There he sees a woman sitting on a scarlet beast </li></ul><ul><li>a. The scarlet beast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Full of names of blasphemy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Having seven heads and ten horns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>b. The woman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Arrayed in purple and scarlet - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) In her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4) On her forehead the name written: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a) MYSTERY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b) BABYLON THE GREAT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c) THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EARTH </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5) Drunk with: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a) The blood of the saints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b) The blood of the martyrs of Jesus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. He marveled with great amazement when he saw her </li></ul>
    16. 16. Chapter Seventeen Summary <ul><li>II. THE MYSTERY OF THE WOMAN AND BEAST EXPLAINED (7-18) </li></ul><ul><li>A. THE ANGEL OFFERS TO EXPLAIN THE MYSTERY (7) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Asking John why he marveled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Saying that he will tell him the mystery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a. Of the woman </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b. Of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Chapter Seventeen Summary <ul><li>II. THE MYSTERY OF THE WOMAN AND BEAST EXPLAINED (7-18) </li></ul><ul><li>B. THE BEAST EXPLAINED (8-14) </li></ul><ul><li>1. The beast that John saw: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. Was, is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. Will be marveled by those by those whose names are not written in the Book of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from the foundation of the world when they see it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. The mind which has wisdom: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. The seven heads are seven mountains upon which the woman sits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. There are also seven kings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) Five have fallen, one is, the other has yet to come </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) When the seventh comes, he must continue a short time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. The beast that was, and is not, is himself the eighth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) He is of the seven </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) He is going to perdition (destruction) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d. The ten horns are ten kings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) Who have received no kingdom as yet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) But receive authority for one hour with the beast </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3) Who are of one mind, and give their power and authority to the beast </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e. These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) For He is Lord of lords and King of kings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) Those with Him are called, chosen, and faithful </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Chapter Seventeen Summary <ul><li>II. THE MYSTERY OF THE WOMAN AND BEAST EXPLAINED (7-18) </li></ul><ul><li>C. THE WOMAN EXPLAINED (15-18) </li></ul><ul><li>1. The waters upon which she sits are peoples, multitudes, nations and tongues </li></ul><ul><li>2. The ten horns (ten kings) on the beast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. Will hate the harlot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) Make her desolate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) Eat her flesh and burn her with fire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. For God has put it into their hearts to fulfill His purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) For them to be of one mind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) To give their kingdom to the beast </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-- Until the words of God are fulfilled </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. The woman John saw is that great city which reigns over the kings of the earth </li></ul>
    19. 19. Chapter Seventeen Summary
    20. 20. Review Questions for Chapter Seventeen <ul><li>1) What are the main points of this chapter? </li></ul><ul><li>- The scarlet woman and the scarlet beast (1-6) </li></ul><ul><li>- The mystery of the woman and the beast explained (7-18) </li></ul><ul><li>2) What did the angel tell John he would be shown? (1) </li></ul><ul><li>- The judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters </li></ul><ul><li>3) How does the angel describe this woman? (2) </li></ul><ul><li>- With whom the kings of the earth committed fornication </li></ul><ul><li>- The inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication </li></ul><ul><li>4) List the description of the woman as seen by John (3-6) </li></ul><ul><li>- Sitting on a scarlet beast with seven heads and ten horns, full of names of blasphemy </li></ul><ul><li>- Arrayed in purple and scarlet, adorned with gold, precious stones and pearls </li></ul><ul><li>- A golden cup in her hand, full of abominations the filthiness of her fornication </li></ul><ul><li>- Written on her forehead: “Mystery, Babylon the Great, the Mother of Harlots and of the </li></ul><ul><li>Abominations of the Earth” </li></ul><ul><li>- Drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus </li></ul>
    21. 21. Review Questions for Chapter Seventeen <ul><li>5) What was John's reaction to seeing the woman? (6) </li></ul><ul><li>- Marveled with great amazement </li></ul><ul><li>6) What does the angel offer to tell John? (7) </li></ul><ul><li>- The mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her </li></ul><ul><li>7) How is the beast described? (8) </li></ul><ul><li>- He was, is not, and is to come </li></ul><ul><li>- He will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition </li></ul><ul><li>- Those whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world will marvel </li></ul><ul><li>8) What does the seven heads of the beast represent? (9-10) </li></ul><ul><li>- Seven mountains on which the woman sits </li></ul><ul><li>9) What is said of the seven kings? (10) </li></ul><ul><li>- Five have fallen, one is, and the other has not yet come </li></ul><ul><li>- When the seventh king comes, he must continue a short time </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>10) What is said of the beast that was and is not? (11) </li></ul><ul><li>- He will be the eighth king </li></ul><ul><li>- He is of the seven </li></ul><ul><li>- He is going to perdition </li></ul><ul><li>11) What do the ten horns represent? (12) </li></ul><ul><li>- Ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet </li></ul><ul><li>- Who receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast </li></ul><ul><li>12) What else is said of the ten kings and the beast? (13-14) </li></ul><ul><li>- The kings of are of one mind and will give their power and authority to the beast </li></ul><ul><li>- They will make war with the Lamb </li></ul><ul><li>13) Why will the Lamb overcome the beast and the ten kings? (14) </li></ul><ul><li>- He is Lord of lords and King of kings </li></ul><ul><li>- Those with Him are called, chosen, and faithful </li></ul>Review Questions for Chapter Seventeen
    23. 23. <ul><li>14) What do the waters upon which the harlot sits represent? (15) </li></ul><ul><li>- Peoples, multitudes, nations, tongues </li></ul><ul><li>15) What will the ten horns (kings) do to the harlot? (16) </li></ul><ul><li>- Hate the harlot, make her desolate and naked, eat her flesh and burn her with fire </li></ul><ul><li>16) Why will they do this? (17) </li></ul><ul><li>- For God has put it into their hearts to fulfill His purpose and fulfill His words </li></ul><ul><li>17) How is the woman finally described? (18) </li></ul><ul><li>- That great city which reigns over the kings of the earth </li></ul>Review Questions for Chapter Seventeen
    24. 24. Resources Used <ul><li>Mark Copeland </li></ul><ul><li>http:// executableoutlines.com/back.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Collins Family </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.onlinebiblecollege.com/site/ </li></ul>

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