3.0COMPUTER ETHICS<br />Understand the standards of conduct in computing code of ethics.<br />
Define Ethics<br />Ethic refers to the standards and rules that "should" be followed and it helps us to regulate our conduct in a group or with a set of individuals. <br />As computer and Internet or intranet has come big time in our lives and it is an interactive medium where we can directly or indirectly communicate with people.<br />(buzzle.com)<br />
Codes of Ethic<br />The ACM Code of Ethics<br />The ACM/IEEE Software Engineering Code of Ethics and<br />Professional Practice<br />The IEEE Code of Ethics<br />
Cont..<br />Information stored on the computer should be treated as seriously as written or spoken word.<br />Privacy should not be violated. In case of academic use, it is known plagiarism.<br />Information fro public viewing should not be modified or deleted or inaccessible since these are considered as destructive acts.<br />
Cont..<br />Intrusive software such as "worms" and "viruses" which are destructive to the computer system is also illegal.<br />Congesting somebody’s system with a lot of unwanted information is also unethical.<br />
Cont…<br />Sending obscene and crude messages through mail or chat is also forbidden.<br />Sending sexually explicit content, message or pictures is also forbidden.<br />
Discuss the professional ethics, engineering ethics and computer ethics.<br />
Professional Ethics<br />Professional ethics are a code of conduct that govern how members of a profession deal with each other and with third parties.<br />(Dr. David Sinclair)<br />
Why should we have a Professional Code of Ethics?<br /><ul><li>A Professional Code of Ethics serves several functions:
Expresses ideals to aspire to.</li></li></ul><li>Why have a Professional Code of Ethics in Computing?<br /><ul><li>Software has the potential to do good or cause harm, or to enable or influence others to do good or cause harm.
We have pride in our work and want the work that we do to be given recognition and respect.
We want to protect our livelihood.</li></li></ul><li>Some Examples<br /><ul><li>ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct.
IEEE-CS/ACM Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice
http://www.computer.org/tab/seprof/code.htm</li></li></ul><li>Engineering Ethics<br />Engineering refers to the practice of organizing the design and construction of any artifice which transforms the physical world around us to meet some recognized need<br />
Vincenti Definition<br />concludes that "(e)ngineering knowledge reflects the fact that design does not take place for its own sake and in isolation". <br />Rather, it occurs as "a social activity directed at a practical set of goals intended to serve human beings in some direct way" (Vincenti 1990).<br />
Davis Definition<br />Davis (1998) also alludes to this attribute of engineering when he refers to it as "sociological knowledge, a knowledge of how people and tools work together, but it is nonetheless engineering knowledge."<br />
McLean Definition<br />McLean (1993), an engineer, utilizes three categories in discussing engineering ethics: technical ethics, dealing with technical decisions by engineers; professional ethics, dealing with interactions among managers, engineers and employers; and social ethics, dealing with sociopolitical decisions concerning technology. <br />
Computer Ethics<br />Computer Ethics is to determine what we should do in such cases, that is, formulate policies to guide our actions. . . .<br />
Albert Einstein<br />It is not enough that you should understand about applied science in order that your work may increase man’s blessings. <br />Concern for man himself and his fate must always form the chief interest of all technical endeavors.<br />
Moor’s Definition<br />computer ethics as a field concerned with “policy vacuums” and “conceptual muddles” regarding the social and ethical use of information technology<br />
Bynum’s Definition<br />computer ethics identifies and analyzes the impacts of information technology on such social and human values as health, wealth, work, opportunity, freedom, democracy, knowledge, privacy, security, self-fulfillment, etc.<br />