Respond to the prompt (on a sticky note): “After looking at today’s agenda, what is one thing you hope to get out of the training?” Hand up, stand –up, pair-up: to share answers Place sticky notes on parking lot – be sure to answer
Fountas and Pinnell
CORE Reading Sourcebook
Trainer Notes: You will want to acknowledge that these critical reading skills are also referred to as the Big Ideas of Early Literacy or the Essential Components of Reading. The intent of this slide is to provide a quick listing of these critical reading skills.
Think – Write – Round Robin (1 min. each) After learning about guided reading, paras will think about the “gist” of the components of guided reading and record them. (3 min). Each person will go around the table sharing their gist of the important components of guided reading, starting with number 1. Each person will get 1 min. to share.
Model guided reading lesson with Para’s as students
Practice : Rally Coach
RALLY COACH: Partner A shares answers to questions for video 1 Partner B coaches if necessary by: Tip Tip Teach Try Again Praise Switch Partner Roles for next video
See Say Something Handout – Practice with partner – both taking turns (Rally Coach)
Strategies That Work, Chapter 6 Making Connections: A Bridge from the New to the Known
With a partner, practice rally coach using “Say Something” strategy but instead of using it for questioning, use it for connections.
Inside – Outside Review (use questions)
Using Rally Coach, use questioning and connecting strategies learned/practiced, apply to nonfiction.
Be sure to cover any sticky note questions that were not answered during the presentation.
Para Reading PD
YALE PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Assistant Director ELA
St. Clair County RESA
The ultimate measure
of success in
when a student can
describe how and why
use of a
strategy helps him/her
“ Guided reading is a teaching
approach designed to help
individual students learn how to
process a variety of increasingly
challenging texts with
understanding and fluency.”
• Fountas and Pinnell
WHAT IS GUIDED READING?
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS FOR EFFECTIVE
Bring children with similar reading ability together in small groups for focused,
Select texts that are “just right”.
Provide introductions that show children how the text “works,” explain difficult words or
concepts, and prepare them to read independently (Before).
Support independent reading with brief, specific prompts to help children use
the strategies you have previously demonstrated (During).
Help children revisit and reflect on the text to support comprehension,
processing strategies, and extending meaning of text (After).
Work explicitly on word-solving strategies (Word Study).
GUIDED LESSON FORMAT
Showing children how
the book works – how it’s
Give children an idea of
what the entire story is
Draw attention to
language structures and
vocabulary children will
need to use and point
out new and important
Build interest in the story
by building prior
to previous lessons, etc.
Help children make
connections with their
Point out aspects of print
or layout that are
Show how illustrations or
other strategies support
General Principles for Introductions (Before) to Focus on
DURING READING OBSERVATIONS TO FOCUS ON:
During reading the teacher
interacts briefly with students to
prompt and encourage their use
of strategies at their instructional
Strategies should support whole
class mini-lesson instruction.
During reading the teacher
records observations to help
This should be the longest part of
These brief conversations are
Teachers use specific language
to facilitate the reader’s use of
As children independently
whisper read the text, teachers
will record anecdotal records
and interact briefly with
students to prompt, facilitate,
and encourage their use of
strategies and problem-solving
No Round Robin Reading
The primary purpose of reading
is to obtain meaning from text.
Even at the K-2 level students
need to be reading to make
meaning from text.
AFTER READING OBSERVATIONS TO FOCUS ON:
After reading, teachers
discuss and revisit the text
They engage children in
reflecting on the meaning of
the text and bringing their
own interpretations to the
Teachers are asking children
to be active in sharing
meaning with the group.
Teachers reinforce effective
Teachers may also provide
purposes for rereading text
based on observations and
ask students to extend the
text in different ways.
It is important for students to
respond to what they have
read in many different ways.
(ie. Graphic organizers,
reading response journals,
appropriate learning centers)
yI&index=1&list=PL95DC4FBFA0DC457C (9 min. inference guided
lesson in 2nd grade)
ary%20Guided%20Reading (1st grade guided reading lesson
RESA Monthly Guided Reading Videos:
Next Steps in Guided Reading Videos:
down to “Early” introducing the book 2nd grade 4:53min)
Question – Answer – Relationship
Q.A.R. is a framework to help readers relate prior knowledge and text information. It
describes relationships between comprehension – guided questions and their answers.
Three Types of Questions:
Right There (The answer is in
the text, easy to find.)
Think and Search (The
answer is in the story, but you
need to put together
different story parts to find it.
Author and You)
On My Own (The answer is
not in the story. You use your
own experience to answer
WHY USE Q.A.R.?
Fluent readers appropriately integrate their
background knowledge with what the text
They seek, identity, and combine information from
various places within the text to construct
Current research on schema theory, text structure,
and metacognition finds:
HOW TO DO Q.A.R.:
Using a gradual release model, teacher begins by modeling
and then gradually relinquishing the tasks to the students.
Reads selection of
Asks a question
states the answer
States the Q.A.R.
for the choice
HARCOURT – TROPHIES EXAMPLE
Read First paragraph of “Old Notch”
Ask: How long of a ride in the car would it be to go to the store?
How do you know?
Why do you think someone would want to live that far away from a store?
How do you know?
Two main places to find answers
read it right there in the text
in my head
Answers will vary
“When we begin strategy instruction with children,
stories close to their own lives and experiences are
helpful for introducing new ways of thinking about
reading. Readers naturally make connections
between books and their own lives. Once they have
heard a wealth of stories and narratives, they begin to
connect themes, characters, and issues from one
book to another. When children understand how to
connect the texts they read to their lives, they begin
to make connections between what they read and
the larger world. This nudges them into thinking about
bigger, more expansive issues beyond their universe
of home, school, and neighborhood Strategies That
WE REQUIRE PROPER PLANNING.
What do I want
students to understand
about this strategy?
Of all the places in the
text where I could
authentically think out
loud, which two or
three would best
illustrate my point?
Mark those places
before your lesson, and
think about what you
will say and how you
will say it.
Only model the point
you are trying to make,
don’t model another
thinking strategy during
this read aloud. Be
aware of your focus
and keep it.
As we teach the students to think through
the text we encourage the students to
respond using this terminology:
•“When I read [of heard] these words… it
reminded me of…”
•“When I saw the picture of… it made me
TEACHERS SHOULD ENCOURAGE THE STUDENTS TO EXPLAIN
WHY THEY ARE THINKING ABOUT THAT CONNECTION.
“What were the words in the story that made you think about….”
It is important for teachers to become aware of what’s going
on inside their heads as they read, to learn how to articulate
their thinking for themselves and others, and think aloud about
their connections and mental images. As children’s thinking
grows, the students construct meaning, the ability to reflect on
what they read, and opportunities to share their insight.
Remember to ask your
students, “How does that
connection help you
When reflecting on the
student’s ability to make
connections, the teacher
needs to think about:
•Are children making real
connections to the story?
•Do they understand how these
connections help them?
•What kind of language do they
use when they talk to each