Guide to College Reading , 8/e Kathleen T. McWhorter  Chapter 7 Reading Graphic and Electronic Information PowerPoint by G...
THIS CHAPTER WILL SHOW YOU HOW TO: <ul><li>Approach graphic information </li></ul><ul><li>Read and evaluate electronic sou...
A GENERAL APPROACH TO GRAPHICS <ul><li>Read the title or caption. </li></ul><ul><li>Discover how the graphic is organized....
A GENERAL APPROACH TO GRAPHICS <ul><li>5.   Determine scale, values, or units of measurement. </li></ul><ul><li>6.   Study...
TYPES OF GRAPHICS <ul><li>Graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Tables </li></ul><u...
Tables <ul><li>A  table  is a listing of facts and figures in columns and rows for quick and easy reference. </li></ul>Cop...
Tables <ul><li>Determine how the information is divided and arranged. </li></ul><ul><li>Make comparisons and look for tren...
Graphs <ul><li>Bar graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple bar graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Stacked bar graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Lin...
Bar Graphs <ul><li>Bar Graph: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A bar graph is used to make comparisons between quantities or amounts ...
Multiple Bar Graphs <ul><li>A  multiple bar graph  makes at least two or three comparisons simultaneously. </li></ul><ul><...
Stacked Bar Graphs <ul><li>A  stacked bar graph  is an arrangement of data in which bars are placed one on top of another ...
Linear Graphs <ul><li>Line Graphs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plots and connects points along a vertical and a horizontal axis....
Charts <ul><li>Pie charts </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational charts </li></ul><ul><li>Flowcharts  </li></ul>Copyright 2008 P...
Pie Charts <ul><li>Pie charts , sometimes called circle graphs, are used to show whole/part relationships or to depict how...
Organizational Charts <ul><li>Organizational charts  divide an organization into its administrative parts, staff positions...
Flowcharts <ul><li>A  flowchart  shows how a process or procedure works. </li></ul><ul><li>Lines or arrows are used to ind...
How to Read a Flowchart <ul><li>Decide what process the flowchart shows. </li></ul><ul><li>Next, follow the chart, using t...
Diagrams <ul><li>A  diagram  is an outline drawing or picture of an object or a process. </li></ul><ul><li>They are often ...
How to Read a  Map <ul><li>Read the caption. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the legend or key to identify the symbols or codes used...
Photographs <ul><li>Read the caption. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask: “What is my first overall impression?” </li></ul>Copyright 20...
READING AND EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCES <ul><li>Focus on your purpose for visiting the site. </li></ul><ul><li>Get used to...
READING AND EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCES   <ul><li>Pay attention to how information is organized. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use...
READING AND EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCES   <ul><li>4.  Use links to find the information you need. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pl...
Types of Web Sites   <ul><li>Informational:  to present facts </li></ul><ul><li>News:  to provide current news </li></ul><...
Evaluating Web Sites   <ul><li>Evaluating the Content of a Web Site: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriateness </li></ul></ul>...
Evaluating Web Sites: Accuracy   <ul><li>Are the author’s name and credentials provided? </li></ul><ul><li>Is contact info...
Evaluating Web Sites: Timeliness  <ul><li>The date on which the Web site was posted. </li></ul><ul><li>The date when the d...
SELF-TEST SUMMARY   <ul><li>How do you read a graphic? </li></ul><ul><li>How many types of graphics are there, what are th...
Visit the Companion Website   <ul><li>For additional readings, exercises, and Internet activities, visit this book’s Compa...
My Reading Lab   <ul><li>For more practice with reading graphics, visit MyReadingLab, click on the Reading Skills tab, and...
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Ch 7 graphics and electronic sources

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Ch 7 graphics and electronic sources

  1. 1. Guide to College Reading , 8/e Kathleen T. McWhorter Chapter 7 Reading Graphic and Electronic Information PowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Martin St. Cloud State University, MN Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  2. 2. THIS CHAPTER WILL SHOW YOU HOW TO: <ul><li>Approach graphic information </li></ul><ul><li>Read and evaluate electronic sources </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  3. 3. A GENERAL APPROACH TO GRAPHICS <ul><li>Read the title or caption. </li></ul><ul><li>Discover how the graphic is organized. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the variables. What comparisons are being made? </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the purpose. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  4. 4. A GENERAL APPROACH TO GRAPHICS <ul><li>5. Determine scale, values, or units of measurement. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Study the data to identify trends or patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Read the graphic along with corresponding text. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Make a brief summary note. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  5. 5. TYPES OF GRAPHICS <ul><li>Graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Tables </li></ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  6. 6. Tables <ul><li>A table is a listing of facts and figures in columns and rows for quick and easy reference. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers Baseball Scores Game 1 Game 2 Yankees 6 4 Mets 2 3
  7. 7. Tables <ul><li>Determine how the information is divided and arranged. </li></ul><ul><li>Make comparisons and look for trends. </li></ul><ul><li>Draw conclusions about what the numbers mean. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for clues in corresponding text. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  8. 8. Graphs <ul><li>Bar graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple bar graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Stacked bar graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Linear graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Each plots a set of points on a set of axes. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  9. 9. Bar Graphs <ul><li>Bar Graph: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A bar graph is used to make comparisons between quantities or amounts and shows changes that occur over time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A series of different items can be quickly compared by noting the different bar lengths. </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  10. 10. Multiple Bar Graphs <ul><li>A multiple bar graph makes at least two or three comparisons simultaneously. </li></ul><ul><li>As you read them, make sure to identify exactly what comparisons are being made. </li></ul><ul><li>See Figure 10-6 in your book. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  11. 11. Stacked Bar Graphs <ul><li>A stacked bar graph is an arrangement of data in which bars are placed one on top of another rather than side by side. </li></ul><ul><li>It is often used to emphasize whole/part relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>See Figure 10-7 in your book. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  12. 12. Linear Graphs <ul><li>Line Graphs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plots and connects points along a vertical and a horizontal axis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can compare two or several sets of variables. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See Figure 10-8 in your book for an example. </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  13. 13. Charts <ul><li>Pie charts </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational charts </li></ul><ul><li>Flowcharts </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  14. 14. Pie Charts <ul><li>Pie charts , sometimes called circle graphs, are used to show whole/part relationships or to depict how given parts of a unit have been divided or classified. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the chart in Figure 10-12 of your book. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  15. 15. Organizational Charts <ul><li>Organizational charts divide an organization into its administrative parts, staff positions, or lines of authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the organizational chart in Figure 10-13 of your book. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  16. 16. Flowcharts <ul><li>A flowchart shows how a process or procedure works. </li></ul><ul><li>Lines or arrows are used to indicate the direction of the steps in the procedure. </li></ul><ul><li>Various shapes are used. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the flowchart in Figure 10-14 of your book. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  17. 17. How to Read a Flowchart <ul><li>Decide what process the flowchart shows. </li></ul><ul><li>Next, follow the chart, using the arrows and reading each step. </li></ul><ul><li>When you have finished, summarize the process in your own words. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  18. 18. Diagrams <ul><li>A diagram is an outline drawing or picture of an object or a process. </li></ul><ul><li>They are often used in technical and scientific textbooks. </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams help you visualize relationships between parts and understand sequences. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine Figure 10-18 in your textbook. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  19. 19. How to Read a Map <ul><li>Read the caption. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the legend or key to identify the symbols or codes used. </li></ul><ul><li>Note distance scales. </li></ul><ul><li>Study the map, looking for trends or key points. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to visualize, or create a mental picture of, the map. </li></ul><ul><li>As a learning and study aid, write, in your own words, a statement of what the map shows. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  20. 20. Photographs <ul><li>Read the caption. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask: “What is my first overall impression?” </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers NASA, Cape Canaveral
  21. 21. READING AND EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCES <ul><li>Focus on your purpose for visiting the site. </li></ul><ul><li>Get used to the site’s design and layout. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spend a few minutes discovering how it is organized. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect the first screen to grab your attention and make a main point. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider both the focus of and limitations of your learning style. </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  22. 22. READING AND EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCES <ul><li>Pay attention to how information is organized. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the site map to discover what information is available and how it is organized. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the order in which you want to take in information (exploring links). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect shorter, less detailed sentences and paragraphs. </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  23. 23. READING AND EVALUATING INTERNET SOURCES <ul><li>4. Use links to find the information you need. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan on exploring links to find complete and detailed information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookmark your original site and other useful sites as you follow links. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If there are many pages of continuous paragraphs, print the material and read it offline. </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  24. 24. Types of Web Sites <ul><li>Informational: to present facts </li></ul><ul><li>News: to provide current news </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy: to promote a cause or point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Personal: individual interests and accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial: to promote goods or services </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  25. 25. Evaluating Web Sites <ul><li>Evaluating the Content of a Web Site: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriateness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level of Technical Detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Completeness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  26. 26. Evaluating Web Sites: Accuracy <ul><li>Are the author’s name and credentials provided? </li></ul><ul><li>Is contact information for the author included on the site? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information complete, or in summary form? </li></ul><ul><li>If opinions are offered, are they clearly presented as opinions? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the site provide a list of works </li></ul><ul><li>cited? </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  27. 27. Evaluating Web Sites: Timeliness <ul><li>The date on which the Web site was posted. </li></ul><ul><li>The date when the document you are using was added. </li></ul><ul><li>The date when the site was last revised. </li></ul><ul><li>The date when the links were last checked. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  28. 28. SELF-TEST SUMMARY <ul><li>How do you read a graphic? </li></ul><ul><li>How many types of graphics are there, what are they, and how are they used? </li></ul><ul><li>What types of electronic learning aids accompany textbooks? </li></ul><ul><li>How is reading electronic text different from reading print text? </li></ul><ul><li>List five different types of Web sites. </li></ul><ul><li>What factors should you consider when evaluating a Web site? </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  29. 29. Visit the Companion Website <ul><li>For additional readings, exercises, and Internet activities, visit this book’s Companion Website at: </li></ul><ul><li>www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter </li></ul><ul><li>If you need a user name and password, please see your instructor. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers
  30. 30. My Reading Lab <ul><li>For more practice with reading graphics, visit MyReadingLab, click on the Reading Skills tab, and then click on Graphics and Visuals--- </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Street, New York. </li></ul><ul><li>www.ablongman.com/myreadinglab </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing by Longman Publishers

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