Context clues

2,557 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Context clues

  1. 1. From Guide to College Reading , 8/e Kathleen T. McWhorter Chapter 1 Using Context Clues PowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Martin St. Cloud State University, MN Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  2. 2. THIS CHAPTER WILL SHOW YOU HOW TO: <ul><li>Figure out the meaning of words from their use in a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Use five types of context clues </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  3. 3. WHAT IS CONTEXT? <ul><li>Most Americans can speak only one_____. Europeans, however, _____ several. As a result, Europeans think _____ are unfriendly and unwilling to communicate with them. </li></ul><ul><li>Phobias, such as fear of heights, water, or confined spaces, are difficult to eliminate. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  4. 4. TYPES OF CONTEXT CLUES <ul><li>DEFINITION </li></ul><ul><li>SYNONYM </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRAST/ ANTONYM </li></ul><ul><li>INFERENCE </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  5. 5. Definition Clues <ul><li>Definition = a brief definition or a synonym. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Corona refers to the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  6. 6. Synonym Clues <ul><li>Synonym clues—a word or brief phrase that is close in meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Mia Hamm’s superior ability and prowess on the soccer field have inspired many girls to become athletes. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  7. 7. Example Clues <ul><li>Example clues—specific instances or examples that clarify a word’s meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Forest floors are frequently covered with fungi ---molds, mushrooms, and mildews. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  8. 8. Contrast Clues <ul><li>A word or phrase that has an opposite meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: One of the dinner guests </li></ul><ul><li>succumbed to the temptation to </li></ul><ul><li>have a second piece of cake, but </li></ul><ul><li>the others resisted. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  9. 9. Inference Clues <ul><li>Inference Clues - the use of reasoning skills to figure out word meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Bob is quite versatile ; he is a good student, a top athlete, an excellent car mechanic, and a </li></ul><ul><li>gourmet cook. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  10. 10. THE LIMITATIONS OF CONTEXT CLUES <ul><li>Context clues seldom lead to a complete definition. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes a sentence does not contain clues to a word’s meaning. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  11. 11. LEARNING STYLE TIPS <ul><li>Auditory learner: Reading the context aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Visual learner: Visualizing the context </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Are you an auditory learner or a visual learner?
  12. 12. SELF-TEST SUMMARY <ul><li>What are context clues used for? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the five types of context clues? </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  13. 13. TEST-TAKING TIPS: Using Context <ul><li>If you are being asked the meaning of a particular word, there is probably a way to figure it out. </li></ul><ul><li>Read beyond the word in question to find a clue to its meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>When you are unsure about your answer in a multiple choice question about the meaning of a word, first try to eliminate one or more choices. Then substitute the choice(s) you are considering for the unknown word in the sentence. Choose the choice that makes the most sense and seems to fit. </li></ul>Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

×