Central and local government should work together with the public and civil societies on communication, mutual
understanding and building strong partnership, to combat climate change and create a paradigm shift.
Building long-term low carbon infrastructure will accelerate the pace in which
energy-intensive industry is transformed
Bridging to the New Act
The year 2030 is a turning point that bridge the NAMA goal with the Act.
Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act regulate that by the year 2050,
Taiwan will reduce its greenhouse gas emission by 50% below the 2005 level.
Countries share common but differentiated
responsibility and should propose reduction
commitment based on respective capacity.
Mitigate climate change;
toward green economy
Factors Considered for INDC
The gap between different level of commitment
between countries may create barriers for trade.
Industries should be prepared to avoid such negative impacts
Taiwan’s INDC: Process and Direction
• Estimate future socio-economic development
(population and GDP growth forecast)
• Inventory of reduction of energy demand side by the
largest measures in all departments
• Planning energy supply side scenarios and power ratio
• Various possible estimate of greenhouse gas emissions
• Set reduction targets in light of other countries INDC
and ”Greenhouse Gas Reduction And Management
Act" target specification
• Consult our carbon reduction potential and risk,
determine the declaratory reduction targets
• Steadily decrease the nuclear, carbon reduction exercise,
gradually move towards nuclear-free homeland
Energy demand side
• Industrial, transportation and residential/commerce
sectors for optimization of structural adjustment, every
sectors for maximization energy saving
Energy supply side
• No restrictions on electricity as the premise, a low-carbon
fuel alternatives as priority
• Continue to strengthen energy resources (hot steam
power) integration, geothermal power generation, carbon
capture deposit and other low-carbon green energy
related forward-looking technology, and expanded
benefits of forest carbon sinks
Reduction estimation process Reduction policy direction
2014.12 2015.01 2015.03 2015.06-09 2015.11.30-12.11
of Global Share
Economy depends upon international
trade, mainly composed of Small and
An island with an independent electricity
grid. Imported energy making up over 98%
of energy demand.
Taiwan’s share in global GHG emissions
Ref：World Resources Institute (WRI) http://cait.wri.org/
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (214 MtCO2eq)
by 50% from the business-as-usual level (428 MtCO2eq) by 2030
Gases covered CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3
Energy; Industrial processes and product use; Agriculture;
Land-use, Land-use change and forestry; Waste
2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Global Warming Potential used in IPCC AR4
Credits from International
The emissions reduction target is committed to the domestic
measures mostly. Future reduction potential can benefit from
being involved in the international market mechanism.
An economy-wide target to reduce its GHGs emissions by 50% from
the business-as-usual level by 2030.
GHG Reduction and
Low Carbon pathway
50% lower than
the BAU by 2030
30% lower than
the BAU by 2020
50% lower than
the 2005 level
Taiwan has followed the UNFCCC as well as
her domestic "Basic Environment Act" and
"Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management
Act" in proposing an INDC unilaterally.
Taiwan is on track to
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2050
BAU Emissions Projection 50% from
the BAU level
Goals of Taiwan’s GHG Reduction
2030’s GHG emission will be 50% of the BAU.
~ about 2000’s level， = 20% off 2005’s level.
50% below 2005 levels by 2050
(GHG Reduction and Management Act)
20% below 2005 Levels
by 2030 (INDC)
Taiwan is a part
“2015 can and must be the time for global action”.
Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations
Good afternoon, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen. Welcome and thank you for coming today. I am Kuo-Yen Wei, Minister of Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration. Today I would like to talk about Taiwan’s climate change policies and actions, in our efforts toward a common future for global climate mitigation and adaptation.
In responds to a series of international climate action, Taiwan has taken aggressive actions at international, domestic and the general public level.
Taiwan’s economy is mainly supported by small and medium enterprises, and is export-oriented. In 2012, Taiwan’s total GHG emission is responsible for 0.55% of global greenhouse gas emission. Taiwan lacks locally produced energy resource and is highly dependent on import of energy source. These characteristics isolate Taiwan’s energy system from its neighboring countries.
Taking on the responsibility as a member of the global village, Taiwan has also proposed the INDC last month, committing to reduce its GHG emissions by 50% from the BAU level by 2030, which means to reduce 214 Mt CO2eq.
In Taiwan, the Green New Deal was promoted by Taiwan EPA. It includes two approaches in one integrated pathway. According to the resolutions of “The Third National Energy Conference” in 2009, it is expected to establish 50 low-carbon communities in two years and 6 low-carbon cities in five years, and to establish the Taiwan Island into four low-carbon living spheres in ten years.
There is indeed a long way to go.
Energy must be used in a sustainable, highly efficient, manageable manner, but the prerequisite is that it is secured. Green economy will lead to an open market on green technology basis. This is the vision for our low-carbon & sustainable communities or low-carbon homeland.