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Kyoto protocol in romania


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Kyoto protocol in romania

  1. 1. The Kyoto protocol in Romania By : Angela Popa Ilie Szasz
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The Kyoto Protocol is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change aimed at combating global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>The Protocol was initially adopted on 11 December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan and in November 2009, 187 states have signed and ratified it . </li></ul><ul><li>Under the Protocol, 37 industrialized countries commit themselves to a reduction of four greenhouse gases and two groups of gases by 5.2% from the 1990 level </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kyoto Protocol in Romania - general information <ul><li>Romania signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, being the first country included in the Annex I of the UNFCCC which ratified the Kyoto Protocol. </li></ul><ul><li>By ratifying the Kyoto Protocol in 2001, Romania not only committed to reduce GHG emissions but also showed the political will to engage in solving a global problem. </li></ul><ul><li>The economic decline after 1989 induced by the transition from a planned economy to a market based economy resulted in a relevant decrease of the GHG emissions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kyoto Protocol in Romania <ul><li>Romania as an Annex I Party undergoing the process of transition to a market economy and taking into account the flexibility provided by UNFCCC, has requested a different base year to better reflect its economic potential and it was agreed that Romania will use 1989 as a base year, instead of 1990. </li></ul><ul><li>Romania has been preparing and submitting national GHG inventories in the requested format, annually starting with 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>The aggregated GHG emissions trends reflect the main characteristics of the country’s economic development. The period 1989-2004 was characterized by a restructuring process of the industry and a transition to the market economy. </li></ul><ul><li>In the same time, the first reactor at the Cernavoda nuclear power plant started to operate in full capacity in 1996 having also an effect on reducing overall GHG emissions. </li></ul><ul><li>After 1999, the improvement of the economic indicators and the starting of the EU accession process have been reflected in a slight increase of the overall GHG emissions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Romania’s GHG emissions
  6. 8. Romania’s evolution <ul><li>Energy is the most important sector for total GHG emissions of Romania. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial processes sector contributes with 11.7% to the total GHG emissions. </li></ul><ul><li>The main reason for this important decrease of GHG emissions is the decline or phase out of certain productions and the restructuring of main industrial branches </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005 Romania managed for the fourth time to submit to the national greenhouse gas inventory with all its components, meeting also the requested deadline </li></ul>
  7. 9. Conclusions <ul><li>According to the latest national inventory of GHG emissions, finalised in March 2009 the level of this kind of emissions is 37% lower than the average target set by the Kyoto Protocol for the period 2008-2012. </li></ul><ul><li>Romania could earn at least 2 billion euros until 2015, from the sale of emission rights for 200 million tonnes of CO2 of the approximately 350 million tonnes of CO2 as deriving from the Kyoto Protocol. </li></ul><ul><li>Romania must use the cash from these carbon credits for green projects that help the environment to reduce gas emissions by: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>rehabilitating central heating systems of Communist-era blocks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promoting renewable energy development, including solar, wind, biomass and small hydro power </li></ul></ul></ul>