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Fort bourtange

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Fort bourtange

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Fort bourtange

  1. 1. STUDENTS ANCA IONELA MIHAELA ENACHE SABIN CLASS 8201 COORDONATING TEACHER ASIST. UNIV. MIHAI DANIEL FRUMUŞELU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Bucharest Faculty of Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development
  2. 2. In the 15th century, during the age of gunpowder when the cannon came to dominate the battlefield, a new style of fortification evolved in Europe. Roughly resembling the shape of a star, these fortifications had many triangular bastions, specifically designed to cover each other, and a wide ditch.
  3. 3. In order to counteract the cannon balls, defensive walls were made lower and thicker and were protected by gently sloping banks of earth called glacis in front of ditches so that the walls were almost totally hidden from horizontal artillery fire. The new fortification became so popular that the design was swiftly adopted by other nations as far as India and Japan.
  4. 4. Fort Bourtange is a star fort in the village of Bourtange, Groning en, Netherlands. It was built in 1593 under the orders of William the Silent. Its original purpose was to control the only road between Germany and the city of Groningen, which was controlled by the Spaniards during the time of the Eighty Years' War.
  5. 5. Eventually, in 1851 the fort town of Bourtange was converted into a village. Over 100 years later in 1960, the local government decided to restore the old Fort to its 1740-1750 appearance and made into a historical museum.
  6. 6. If the fort was being attacked and the invaders pressed to close to the drawbridge, it would have been easy enough for the defenders to move from the ravines to burn the bridge or blow it away with a well-aimed cannon shot or two. After the siege, it wouldn’t take much effort and materials to make a replacement. After crossing the access bridge, which takes you into Fort Bourtange, you will reach the defensive ravines. The drawbridges were created to hinder invaders from getting into the fort, as were the moats. The drawbridges at fort were separate from the gates.
  7. 7. The small community that lives in and around Fort Bourtange today is about 430 people in total, they cater to the visitors’ needs with friendly hotels, pleasant cafés and an abundance of related activities in summer. All of your needs are met inside the fort. You can park at the entrance and walk everywhere. It’s small and charming. There are large carriages that are available to carry you through the fort or you could ride the tourist bus.
  8. 8.  http://www.amusingplanet.com/2013/06/sta r-shaped-fort-bourtange-in.html  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Bourtang e  http://whenonearth.net/the-geometric- beauty-of-fort-bourtange-in-the-netherlands/

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