Worldreligions ppt

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Added fades to some slides. Original is by kellytbellar. Perfect for intro to religions.

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  • Worldreligions ppt

    1. 1. WORLD RELIGIONS Christianity, Judaism, Islam Buddhism, Hinduism
    2. 2. Monotheistic Religions   Belief in one god Originated in Middle East (Mesopotamia, Israel and Saudi Arabia) Judaism Christianity Islam
    3. 3. What is Judaism?    Oldest monotheistic religion Religion of Ancient Israelites (Hebrews) Today is primarily found in Israel, United States, and Eastern Europe
    4. 4. Origins of Judaism • Began in Ancient Israel • Founded by Abraham • Began nearly 4000 years ago
    5. 5. Beliefs of Judaism       One god called Yahweh (God) God‟s “chosen people” Have a covenant (agreement) with God Follow Jewish law - the Ten Commandments One day a Messiah (messenger or savior) will arrive Can only eat kosher foods – no pork, shellfish, or meat prepared with
    6. 6. Judaism    Holy Book – Torah Place of Worship – Synagogue Sects/Branches –  Orthodox  Reformed  Conservative
    7. 7. Holidays & Holy Days Holidays:  Yom Kippur –    Rosh Hashanah –   Day of Atonement Fasting Jewish New Year Hanukkah –   Nine day festival Lighting the menorah Holy Day:  Shabbat (Sabbath) –  Friday evening to Saturday morning
    8. 8. Sacred Places   Jews consider Jerusalem to be holy Western Wall (“Wailing Wall”)  Only remaining wall of ancient Jewish temple
    9. 9. What is Christianity?    Monotheistic - Developed out of Judaism Religion of followers (disciples) of Jesus Today is primarily found in North America, South America, Europe, Southern Africa, Australia
    10. 10. Origins of Christianity • Began in Ancient Israel • Founded by Jesus • Began nearly 2000 years ago
    11. 11. Beliefs of Christianity   One god (God) Follow the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth      Was Son of God Died on cross and rose again Was the Messiah Goal is to go to heaven Follow Ten Commandments
    12. 12. Christianity  Holy Book – Bible    Place of Worship –    Old Testament New Testament Church Cathedral Sects/Branches –    Roman Catholic Orthodox Protestant
    13. 13. Holidays & Holy Days Holidays:  Christmas –   Birth of Jesus Easter –  Death and Resurrection Holy Day:  Sunday Rituals/Ceremonies:  Baptism  Communion
    14. 14. Sacred Places   Jerusalem Vatican City     Holy Seat of Roman Catholic Church Home of the Pope St. Peter‟s Basilica Sistine Chapel
    15. 15. What is Islam?    Monotheistic religion Followers are called Muslims Today is primarily found in Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia, Indonesia
    16. 16. Origins of Islam • Began in Saudi Arabia • Founded by Muhammad • Began in 610 CE
    17. 17. Beliefs of Islam    One god called Allah („God‟ in Arabic) Muhammad was the final prophet (messenger) Five Pillars
    18. 18. Five Pillars of Islam      Declare that there is only one God, Allah Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca Give to the poor Fast during the month of Ramadan Pilgrimage (“hajj”) to Mecca once during lifetime
    19. 19. Islam    Holy Book – Qur‟an Place of Worship – Mosque Sects/Branches –   Sunni Shi‟i
    20. 20. Holidays & Holy Days Holidays:  Ramadan  Month long period of fasting  Eid al Fitr  Feast at end of Ramadan Holy Day:  Friday prayers at mosque
    21. 21. Sacred Places  Mecca    Great Mosque Ka‟aba Jerusalem  Dome of the Rock
    22. 22. Eastern Religions   Hinduism  Polytheisti c Buddhism  Way of life, Philosophy
    23. 23. What is Hinduism?      Polytheistic religion Followers are called Hindus Today is primarily found in India World‟s oldest major religion Philosophy and way of life
    24. 24. Origins of Hinduism • Began in Indus Valley (Ancient India/Modern Pakistan) • No single founder • Originated between 4000 and 2000 BC
    25. 25. Beliefs of Hinduism      Polytheistic Every living thing is a part of one soul – Atman Reincarnation – eternal soul reborn into different bodies till it finds liberation Karma – the result of good and bad actions that determine the soul‟s next life Ultimate goal in life – to release the soul and return to Brahman (the universal
    26. 26. Who do Hindus worship? – the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon Brahma, the creator Vishnu, the preserver Shiva, god of constructive destruction (the transformer)
    27. 27. How does Hinduism direct life in this world?     Respect for all living things – vegetarian Caste System – rigid social class system based on Hindu beliefs  Four “castes” - priests & teachers, nobles & warriors, merchant class, servant class Practice Yoga Guru – spiritual teacher
    28. 28. Holy Cow!   Hindus have always had great respect for Mother Nature and its creatures Cow is especially significant because it symbolizes gentleness
    29. 29.  Holy Book –     Hinduism Vedas Written in Sanskrit Place of Worship – Temple Sects/Branches – many different branches
    30. 30. Holidays & Holy Days Holidays:  Diwali  Festival of Lights  Holi  Festival of Colors
    31. 31. Sacred Places   Varanasi Ganges River
    32. 32.    What is Buddhism? Neither monotheistic or polytheistic Followers are called Buddhists Today is primarily found in East and Southeast Asia (China, Japan, Koreas, SE Asia
    33. 33. Origins of Buddhism • Began in northern India • Founded by Hindu prince • Siddhartha Gautama • Called “Buddha” – the enlightened one • Began almost 2,500 years ago
    34. 34. Beliefs of Buddhism       Buddha is NOT considered a god Reincarnation Karma Four Noble Truths Eightfold Path Nirvana
    35. 35. Buddhism      Siddhartha Gautama was an Indian Prince who lived in luxury and comfort inside the palace. One day he left the palace gardens and saw an Old man, a sick man, and a dead man. Left his home and went on a search to find the reason people suffer and how to end it. Meditated under a bodh tree. Buddha realized: Life is full of
    36. 36. Buddhism He explained the FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS: 1. 2. 3. 4. All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. The cause of suffering is desire for things such as riches, power and long life. The only cure for suffering is to overcome desire. The way to overcome desire is to follow the 8-fold path.
    37. 37. Cure for suffering The only cure for suffering is to follow the Eightfold Path, a middle road between a life devoted to pleasure and a life of harsh self-denial. It is important to live a moral life. Enlightenment is achieved through meditation. The ultimate goal is nirvana, union with the universe and release from the cycle
    38. 38. Buddhism  Sacred Writings –     No one holy book Collection of Buddha‟s sayings in Tripitaka Place of Worship – Temple (stupa) Sects/Branches –     Mahayana Theravada Tibetan Zen
    39. 39.     What is Sikhism? Monotheistic Name of Supreme Being: God Followers are called Sikhs Today is primarily found in Northwestern India (Punjab region), United Kingdom, Canada, United States Punjab region of India
    40. 40. Origins of Sikhism • Began in northern India in the Punjab • Founded by a guru named: • Guru Nanak • Spread by nine later gurus • Began and spread in the 16th and 17th centuries
    41. 41. Beliefs of Sikhism      Believe in one god called God All human beings are equal Meditation Sikhs are to live honestly and work hard Share with others
    42. 42. Sikhism - Practices  Sikhs practice their faith by wearing the 5 articles of faith or 5 K‟s:
    43. 43. Sikhism - Practices  Joining the Khalsa:    This is a committed group of Sikhs Members of the Khalsa wear the Five K‟s There is a special ceremony for those that choose to join the Khalsa
    44. 44. Sikhism  Sacred Writings –     Guru Granth Sahib Collection of teachings by Guru Nanak and other Gurus along with Sikh, Hindu and Muslim saints Place of Worship – Gurdwara Sects/Branches –  None
    45. 45. Sikhism  Major Holidays/Holy Days    Vaisakhi – Celebrates the founding of Sikhism and the Khalsa Diwali – Celebrates a guru‟s release from prison Hola Mohalla – festival of martial arts

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