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A Quality Strategy for Flood Protection

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Presentation to New Orleans Chapter ASQ on current status and recommendations for improved flood protection of Southeastern Louisiana

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A Quality Strategy for Flood Protection

  1. 1. Quality Flood Protection SLFPA- The New Levee Boards By J.M. Drake PE, CQE, CSP Greater New Orleans Section 1518 Team Website: http://section1518.asqquality.org
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>The Problem </li></ul><ul><li>The Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>The State’s Response </li></ul><ul><li>Mission and Vision of the SLFPA </li></ul><ul><li>Systems Approach Project Execution </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Modeling Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights of two important Projects/ Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations and Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Problem
  4. 4. The Past- Hurricane Katrina Legacy <ul><li>More than 1500 lives lost </li></ul><ul><li>Category 5 strength less then 12 hours before landfall- 127 mph winds at Louisiana landfall </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum surge 28 to 30 feet along Mississippi coast </li></ul><ul><li>75-80% of Greater New Orleans land areas flooded </li></ul><ul><li>138,000 Residences Lost; 12,000 Business Facilities; 304,000 Vehicles > $18 Billion Dollars in damages </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Challenge: Protect Southeast Louisiana
  6. 6. The State’s Response <ul><li>Southeast Louisiana Flood Protection Authority (SLFPA) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SLFPA – East </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SLFPA – West Bank </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA)
  7. 7. Southeast Louisiana Land Loss
  8. 8. Complex Global Environmental Changes
  9. 9. <ul><li>To demand that focus be on flood related duties </li></ul><ul><li>To remove opportunities for patronage </li></ul><ul><li>To create regional levee protection </li></ul><ul><li>To provide constitutional protection of the new districts </li></ul>Need for Flood Protection Legislation Governor Blanco’s letter to Legislature dated Dec 10, 2005 contained following objectives:
  10. 10. Levee Board Reform Legislation <ul><li>Act 1 of 2006 LA Legislature created SLFPA and CPRA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southeast Louisiana Flood Protection Authority (SLFPA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two “super levee boards” East and West of the Mississippi River with jurisdiction over multi-parish regions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Replaced the Pre Katrina numerous and ineffectual levee boards </li></ul><ul><li>Post Katrina the electorate supported the Constitutional Amendment which was passed by 81% of voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Abolished old structure and established new organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA) Single State Entity responsible for the Comprehensive Protection Plan State wide </li></ul>
  11. 11. LA CPRA’S Role <ul><li>“ The Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority is established, authorized, and empowered to carry out any and all functions necessary to serve as the single entity responsible to act as the local sponsor for construction, operation and maintenance of all of the hurricane, storm damage reduction and flood control projects in areas under its jurisdiction, including the greater New Orleans and southeast Louisiana area.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Louisiana Senate Bill 8, 2006 </li></ul>
  12. 12. The People Governor Louisiana Legislature CPRA SLFPA East SLFPA West Bank Plaquemines Parish Government Grand Isle Independent District South Lafourche Levee District Lafourche Basin Levee District North Lafourche Levee District Pontchartrain Levee District Atchafalaya Basin Levee District Terrebonne Levee & Conservation District St. Mary Parish Government Southwestern Louisiana - TBD Cameron, Vermilion, & Iberia
  13. 13. SLFPA Regional Territories -- Coastal Boundary
  14. 14. Nom Cmttee SLFPA – East National Academy of Engineering National Society of Black Engineers National Society of Professional Engineers American Institute of Hydrology American Society of Civil Engineers Association of State Floodplain Managers UNO - College of Engineering SU – College of Engineering Tulane - School of Science and Engineering LSU - Louisiana Geological Survey Public Affairs Research Council (PAR) Council for a Better Louisiana (CABL) Nominating Committee Submit Nominations to the Governor for Appointment Senate Confirmation SLFPA Nomination Process Nom Cmttee SLFPA – West Bank: All of the Above Harvey Canal Industrial Association Our Lady of Holy Cross College Selection Process for the Boards
  15. 15. SLFPA Membership & Nomination Process <ul><li>Nominating Committee shall recommend one name for those members listed in #3 above and two names for those listed in #2 and #4 above for each board position to the Governor </li></ul><ul><li>The Governor shall appoint from the list of nominations </li></ul><ul><li>Senate Confirmation Required </li></ul><ul><li>Term Limits </li></ul><ul><li>Staggered Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Members prohibited from political activity subject to the Louisiana Board of Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>SLFPA – East </li></ul><ul><li>Total of 11 Members of which no more or no less than one member from each parish in the SLFPA - East. </li></ul><ul><li>3 At-Large members </li></ul><ul><li>5 members who shall either be an engineer or a professional in a related field such as geotechnical, hydrological, or environmental science </li></ul><ul><li>3 members who shall be a professional in a discipline other than that occurring in (# 3 above) with at least 10 years of professional experience in that discipline </li></ul><ul><li>SLFPA – West Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Total of 7 Members of which no more or no less than two members from each parish in the SLFPA – West Bank. </li></ul><ul><li>2 At-Large members </li></ul><ul><li>3 members who shall either be an engineer or a professional in a related field such as geotechnical, hydrological, or environmental science </li></ul><ul><li>2 members who shall be a professional in a discipline other than that occurring in (# 3 above) with at least 10 years of professional experience in that discipline </li></ul>
  16. 16. SLFPA Goal and Objectives <ul><li>Integrated, Risk Based, Flood Protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That provides Citizen Safety and Peace of Mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That is sustainable with respect to the environment, and the system’s design, construction, maintenance and operation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Vision Statement <ul><li>The SLFPA provides and maintains a robust regional flood protection system that is based on the principles of ecologic integrity, economic vitality and social equity, that mitigates the adverse effects of natural phenomena, and assures the safety of its citizens and requisite real property in a responsible manner. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Mission of the SLFPA <ul><li>The SLFPA will construct and maintain drainage works of all types related to tidewater flooding, hurricane protection, precipitation, subsidence, and saltwater intrusion and assure the readiness and quality of each protective element within the system, either in cooperation with other governmental entities, or upon its own undertaking. </li></ul><ul><li>As a critical element of Louisiana’s Comprehensive Coastal Protection Plan and Strategy, the SLFPA will comply with all federal and state, law and regulation, regarding rehabilitation assistance for flood control works in a manner balanced between conservation and development. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The SLFPA will mitigate the adverse affects of natural phenomena while holding paramount the public safety and welfare in Southeastern Louisiana. </li></ul>Ref: Act 1, SB No 8, 1st Extraordinary Session, LA Legislature 2006
  19. 19. Greater New Orleans Flood Protection System
  20. 20. A Systematic Approach to Flood Protection
  21. 21. Project Execution Methodology
  22. 22. Quality Factors and Influence Diagram
  23. 23. GNO Regional Protection
  24. 24. Strategy: Defense in Depth
  25. 25. NORMAL LAKE 1.0 FT LEVEL SPH DESIGN ELEV 11.5 FT 17.5 FT HURRICANE PROTECTION LEVEE & FLOODWALL AVG ANNUAL HIGHWATER 14 FT 18 FT PROJECT FLOWLINE 23 FT FLOODWALL ALONG MISSISSIPPI RIVER GENTILLY RIDGE UNO UNO SIDE OF WAINRIGHT DR WAINRIGHT DR AT L.C. SIMON ST. ANTHONY AT WILDAIR DR DILLARD UNIV CAMPUS GENTILLY BLVD AT ALLEN DERBIGNY AT I-10 ESPLANADE AT ST. CLAUDE ST. LOUIS CATHEDRAL CANAL ST AT RIVER -20 -10 0 10 20 30 B LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN SHORE RIVER BANK MISSISSIPPI A City of New Orleans Ground Elevations From Canal St. at Mississippi River to the Lakefront at U.N.O. NEW ORLEANS LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN MISSISSIPPI RIVER B A ELEVATIONS IN FEET NGVD -20 -10 0 10 20 30
  26. 26. Factor of Safety (FS) = Capacity (R ) / Demand (SD) Protected Side: 1.8 < FS < 3.0 Structural Failure occurs at FS < 1.0 For large civil works: 1.8 < FS < 3.0
  27. 27. Hurricane Risk Analysis and Modeling
  28. 28. Compromises in Quality
  29. 29. Recent Flood Protection Assessments
  30. 30. Quality Modeling Techniques <ul><li>Performance Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Program and Project Control and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Event Tree Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Replacement Costs of Loss Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrostatic and Dynamic Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>System Elemental Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Storm Surge Modeling </li></ul>
  31. 31. Performance Analysis
  32. 32. Event Tree Modeling
  33. 33. Replacement Costs of Loss Analysis
  34. 34. Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic Modeling
  35. 35. System Elemental Modeling
  36. 36. SLFPA- East Website
  37. 37. Storm Surge Modeling
  38. 38. New Orleans Levee System
  39. 39. Greater New Orleans HSDRRS
  40. 40. Before Katrina, you had a 1% chance every year of flooding this deep from Hurricanes <ul><li>Notes: </li></ul><ul><li>The depth map tool is a relative indicator of progress, over time, demonstrating risk reduction as a function of construction progress </li></ul><ul><li>The water surface elevations are mean values </li></ul><ul><li>The scale sensitivity of the legend is +/- 2 feet </li></ul><ul><li>The info does not depict interior drainage modeling results </li></ul><ul><li>The storm surge is characterized as the result of a probabilistic analysis of 5 to 6 storm parameters of a suite of 152 storms and not a particular event </li></ul>Assumes 0% Pumping Capacity March 08
  41. 41. With the 100-year level of protection, you have a 1% chance every year of flooding this deep from Hurricanes March 08 <ul><li>Notes: </li></ul><ul><li>The depth map tool is a relative indicator of progress, over time, demonstrating risk reduction as a function of construction progress </li></ul><ul><li>The water surface elevations are mean values </li></ul><ul><li>The scale sensitivity of the legend is +/- 2 feet </li></ul><ul><li>The info does not depict interior drainage modeling results </li></ul><ul><li>The storm surge is characterized as the result of a probabilistic analysis of 5 to 6 storm parameters of a suite of 152 storms and not a particular event </li></ul>Assumes 100% Pumping Capacity
  42. 42. Highlighted Projects <ul><li>West Closure Project- West Bank </li></ul><ul><li>100 Year IHNC Project- Michoud, St Bernard </li></ul>
  43. 43. GIWW West Closure Complex
  44. 44. GIWW West Closure Complex
  45. 45. Parallel verses Closed Protection
  46. 46. 100 Year IHNC Project- Michoud, St Bernard
  47. 47. “ Closing the Vee” at the Michoud Confluence
  48. 48. Proposed Flood Wall Structure
  49. 49. Rebuilding Wetlands
  50. 51. Recommendations and Conclusions <ul><li>System’s Approach to a Quality Flood Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Defense in Depth thru Environmental Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate Project scope, funding and schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Results will be greater protection and peace of mind for area citizens and businesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecologic Integrity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Vitality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Equity </li></ul></ul>
  51. 52. References and Helpful Sites <ul><li>SLFPA- East </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.slfpae.com/default.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LA Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.lacpra.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.lacpr.usace.army.mil/default.aspx </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Orleans District US Army Corps of Engineers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.mvn.usace.army.mil/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NOLA Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.nolaenvironmental.gov/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post Katrina Investigatory Reports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Performance Evaluation Team https://ipet.wes.army.mil/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Evaluation Team: http://www.ce.berkeley.edu/%7Enew_orleans/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Louisiana: http://www.publichealth.hurricane.lsu.edu/TeamLA.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LSU Hurricane Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>https://www.hurricane.lsu.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US Geological Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.usgs.gov/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ASQ Greater New Orleans Section 1518 Team Website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://section1518.asqquality.org </li></ul></ul>

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