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Bill Golden (Kansas State University)
North Central Region One Water Action Forum
Sustainable Water Supply: Preserving and Conserving a Critical Resource
Indianapolis, Indiana
December 11-13, 2018
Major Legislative and Policy Changes
Made in Kansas for the Ogallala Aquifer
The Problem
Background: Kansas Water
Rights
 Water Appropriation Act 1945
 K.S.A. 82a-702 - “all water within the state
of Kansas is hereby dedicated to the use
of the people of the state, subject to the
control and regulation of the state in the
manner herein prescribed”.
 Prior Appropriation – First in time is first in
right
Background: Kansas Water
Appropriations Act’s fundamental
charge to the Chief Engineer
K.S.A. 82a-706: The Chief Engineer shall enforce and
administer the laws of this state pertaining to the
beneficial use of water and shall control, conserve,
regulate, allot and aid in the distribution of the water
resources of the state for the benefits and beneficial
uses of all its inhabitants in accordance with the rights
of priority of appropriation.
K.S.A. 82a-706b – “It shall be unlawful for any person to
prevent, by diversion or otherwise, any waters of this
state from moving to a person having a prior right to
use the same…”
Source: David Barfield’s (DWR Chief Engineer) presentation titled “Impairment in groundwater system”
presented 2/21/2017 at the KWO Water Talk series.
Carrot & Stick Motivation
The Sticks
 Intensive Groundwater Use Control Area (IGUCA)
 In 1978 the GMD Act was amended to allow IGUCAs
 KSA 82a-1038. Designation of intensive groundwater
use control area; orders; review. (a) In any case where
the chief engineer finds that any one or more of the
circumstances set forth in K.S.A. 82a-1036, and
amendments thereto, exist and that the public interest
requires that any one or more corrective controls be
adopted, the chief engineer shall designate, by order, the
area in question, or any part thereof, as an intensive
groundwater use control area.
The Sticks
 In 1992, an IGUCA was established in the Walnut Creek
Valley in central Kansas. This IGUCA was instituted to
address streamflow depletions resulting from excessive
withdrawals of groundwater.
 Senior water rights had their appropriation reduced
between 22 percent and 33 percent. Junior rights had
their appropriated quantity curtailed by 64 percent to 71
percent.
The Sticks
 Impairment Process (water right
administration process)
1) Complaint
2) DWR Investigation
3) DWR Report of Findings
4) If impairment is found and action desired, complainant
must file a request to secure water
5) Action by the Chief Engineer as long as required
Source: David Barfield’s (DWR Chief Engineer) presentation titled “Impairment in groundwater system”
presented 2/21/2017 at the KWO Water Talk series.
The Sticks
 Wells that interfere with HS3
Source: David Barfield’s (DWR Chief Engineer) presentation titled “Impairment in groundwater system”
presented 2/21/2017 at the KWO Water Talk series.
The Carrot
 Voluntary Incentive-based regulations that
result in an absolute reduction in
groundwater use, that are controlled by
local stakeholders.
Local Enhanced Management
Areas (LEMAs)
 The LEMA concept developed from the IGUCA. LEMA
establishes a process (SB 310 in 2012) that allows local
communities of producers to collectively decide their
future by initiating the implementation of conservation
plans that meet their local goals within their groundwater
management district.
 The program is voluntary – but once passed becomes
law.
Local Enhanced Management
Areas (LEMAs)
 The rules and regulations associated with
the LEMA are negotiated between the
State, local GMD, and stakeholders.
 Who gets to vote
 Amount of groundwater use reduction and how it is
calculated
 Duration of program
 Modifications to existing water rights
 Penalties for over pumping
 Who is exempt
LEMAs
 Sheridan #6 LEMA (GMD#4)
 Process started in 2006
 2010 – 2011 needed more flexibility than an IGUCA allowed
 LEMA legislation enacted in 2012 (K.S.A. 82a-1041
 Sheridan #6 LEMA started in 2013
 GMD #4 District Wide LEMA
 http://agriculture.ks.gov/divisions-
programs/dwr/managing-kansas-water-resources/local-
enhanced-management-areas
Water Conservation Areas
(WCAs)
 In April 2015, Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed
into law a bill allowing for WCAs, a simple, streamlined
and flexible tool that allows any water right owner or
group of owners the opportunity to develop a
management plan to reduce withdrawals in an effort to
extend the usable life of the Ogallala-High Plains
Aquifer.
 Currently 26 have been formed (approximately
20,000acres)
 http://agriculture.ks.gov/divisions-
programs/dwr/managing-kansas-water-resources/wca
Water Technology Farms (WTF)
 Water Technology Farms have been created recently in
response to public input and identified in the Kansas
Water Vision. They are demonstration farms that allow
the installation and testing of the latest irrigation
technologies on a whole field scale.
 Currently 10 have been formed (35 pivots)
 Public-Private partnerships are supplying a lot of the
equipment
WTF Technology Example
 Mobile Drip Irrigation
WTF Technology Example
 Soil probe field day
Why Now?
 Governor Brownback made conserving
and extending the life of the Ogallala
Aquifer a priority
 7/21/2011 held Ogallala Summit
• Charged KSU Research & Extension with the task of
reducing groundwater use and to grow the economy
 Fall of 2011 – Governor’s Conference on the
Future of Water in Kansas
 Modification of existing laws
Why Now?
 At the 2013 Governor’s Conference on the Future of
Water in Kansas, Governor Brownback issued a call to
action to address the need for a Vision for the Future
of Water in Kansas that meets the state’s needs now
and in the future.
 “Water and the Kansas economy are directly linked.
Water is a finite resource and without further planning
and action we will no longer be able to meet our state's
current needs, let alone’growth.” - Governor Sam
Brownback
Why Now?
 The Governor built and mobilized a team
 Kansas Department of Agriculture
 Kansas Water Office
 K-State Research and Extension
 Kansas Geological Survey
 USDA RMA
 USDA NRCS
 Other state agencies and stakeholders
 This is not a complete list
Why Now?
 Since the Governor’s Call to Action for a
State Wide Water Vision there have been
more than 500 public meetings and input
from more than 15,000 Kansans
 The 50 Year Water Vision has been
completed – now we are in the
implementation phase
Why Now?
 Brownback told about 600 water conference attendees in
Manhattan that the time has come to make changes to
extend the life of the underground Ogallala Aquifer
 Brownback said "We know this aquifer. You can't say,
'No, we need to study it more.' Now is the time."
Additional Information
 Kansas Water Talk Series
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0Bxh0IAZWR_lGQXF
VaWQ2a2I0dnc
 http://www.kwo.org/
 http://agriculture.ks.gov/divisions-programs/dwr
Questions

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Sustainable Water Supplies WS - Bill Golden

  • 1. Bill Golden (Kansas State University) North Central Region One Water Action Forum Sustainable Water Supply: Preserving and Conserving a Critical Resource Indianapolis, Indiana December 11-13, 2018 Major Legislative and Policy Changes Made in Kansas for the Ogallala Aquifer
  • 3. Background: Kansas Water Rights  Water Appropriation Act 1945  K.S.A. 82a-702 - “all water within the state of Kansas is hereby dedicated to the use of the people of the state, subject to the control and regulation of the state in the manner herein prescribed”.  Prior Appropriation – First in time is first in right
  • 4. Background: Kansas Water Appropriations Act’s fundamental charge to the Chief Engineer K.S.A. 82a-706: The Chief Engineer shall enforce and administer the laws of this state pertaining to the beneficial use of water and shall control, conserve, regulate, allot and aid in the distribution of the water resources of the state for the benefits and beneficial uses of all its inhabitants in accordance with the rights of priority of appropriation. K.S.A. 82a-706b – “It shall be unlawful for any person to prevent, by diversion or otherwise, any waters of this state from moving to a person having a prior right to use the same…” Source: David Barfield’s (DWR Chief Engineer) presentation titled “Impairment in groundwater system” presented 2/21/2017 at the KWO Water Talk series.
  • 5. Carrot & Stick Motivation
  • 6. The Sticks  Intensive Groundwater Use Control Area (IGUCA)  In 1978 the GMD Act was amended to allow IGUCAs  KSA 82a-1038. Designation of intensive groundwater use control area; orders; review. (a) In any case where the chief engineer finds that any one or more of the circumstances set forth in K.S.A. 82a-1036, and amendments thereto, exist and that the public interest requires that any one or more corrective controls be adopted, the chief engineer shall designate, by order, the area in question, or any part thereof, as an intensive groundwater use control area.
  • 7. The Sticks  In 1992, an IGUCA was established in the Walnut Creek Valley in central Kansas. This IGUCA was instituted to address streamflow depletions resulting from excessive withdrawals of groundwater.  Senior water rights had their appropriation reduced between 22 percent and 33 percent. Junior rights had their appropriated quantity curtailed by 64 percent to 71 percent.
  • 8. The Sticks  Impairment Process (water right administration process) 1) Complaint 2) DWR Investigation 3) DWR Report of Findings 4) If impairment is found and action desired, complainant must file a request to secure water 5) Action by the Chief Engineer as long as required Source: David Barfield’s (DWR Chief Engineer) presentation titled “Impairment in groundwater system” presented 2/21/2017 at the KWO Water Talk series.
  • 9. The Sticks  Wells that interfere with HS3 Source: David Barfield’s (DWR Chief Engineer) presentation titled “Impairment in groundwater system” presented 2/21/2017 at the KWO Water Talk series.
  • 10. The Carrot  Voluntary Incentive-based regulations that result in an absolute reduction in groundwater use, that are controlled by local stakeholders.
  • 11. Local Enhanced Management Areas (LEMAs)  The LEMA concept developed from the IGUCA. LEMA establishes a process (SB 310 in 2012) that allows local communities of producers to collectively decide their future by initiating the implementation of conservation plans that meet their local goals within their groundwater management district.  The program is voluntary – but once passed becomes law.
  • 12. Local Enhanced Management Areas (LEMAs)  The rules and regulations associated with the LEMA are negotiated between the State, local GMD, and stakeholders.  Who gets to vote  Amount of groundwater use reduction and how it is calculated  Duration of program  Modifications to existing water rights  Penalties for over pumping  Who is exempt
  • 13. LEMAs  Sheridan #6 LEMA (GMD#4)  Process started in 2006  2010 – 2011 needed more flexibility than an IGUCA allowed  LEMA legislation enacted in 2012 (K.S.A. 82a-1041  Sheridan #6 LEMA started in 2013  GMD #4 District Wide LEMA  http://agriculture.ks.gov/divisions- programs/dwr/managing-kansas-water-resources/local- enhanced-management-areas
  • 14. Water Conservation Areas (WCAs)  In April 2015, Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed into law a bill allowing for WCAs, a simple, streamlined and flexible tool that allows any water right owner or group of owners the opportunity to develop a management plan to reduce withdrawals in an effort to extend the usable life of the Ogallala-High Plains Aquifer.  Currently 26 have been formed (approximately 20,000acres)  http://agriculture.ks.gov/divisions- programs/dwr/managing-kansas-water-resources/wca
  • 15. Water Technology Farms (WTF)  Water Technology Farms have been created recently in response to public input and identified in the Kansas Water Vision. They are demonstration farms that allow the installation and testing of the latest irrigation technologies on a whole field scale.  Currently 10 have been formed (35 pivots)  Public-Private partnerships are supplying a lot of the equipment
  • 16. WTF Technology Example  Mobile Drip Irrigation
  • 17. WTF Technology Example  Soil probe field day
  • 18. Why Now?  Governor Brownback made conserving and extending the life of the Ogallala Aquifer a priority  7/21/2011 held Ogallala Summit • Charged KSU Research & Extension with the task of reducing groundwater use and to grow the economy  Fall of 2011 – Governor’s Conference on the Future of Water in Kansas  Modification of existing laws
  • 19. Why Now?  At the 2013 Governor’s Conference on the Future of Water in Kansas, Governor Brownback issued a call to action to address the need for a Vision for the Future of Water in Kansas that meets the state’s needs now and in the future.  “Water and the Kansas economy are directly linked. Water is a finite resource and without further planning and action we will no longer be able to meet our state's current needs, let alone’growth.” - Governor Sam Brownback
  • 20. Why Now?  The Governor built and mobilized a team  Kansas Department of Agriculture  Kansas Water Office  K-State Research and Extension  Kansas Geological Survey  USDA RMA  USDA NRCS  Other state agencies and stakeholders  This is not a complete list
  • 21. Why Now?  Since the Governor’s Call to Action for a State Wide Water Vision there have been more than 500 public meetings and input from more than 15,000 Kansans  The 50 Year Water Vision has been completed – now we are in the implementation phase
  • 22. Why Now?  Brownback told about 600 water conference attendees in Manhattan that the time has come to make changes to extend the life of the underground Ogallala Aquifer  Brownback said "We know this aquifer. You can't say, 'No, we need to study it more.' Now is the time."
  • 23. Additional Information  Kansas Water Talk Series https://drive.google.com/open?id=0Bxh0IAZWR_lGQXF VaWQ2a2I0dnc  http://www.kwo.org/  http://agriculture.ks.gov/divisions-programs/dwr