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Organizational Ethics Presentation - Emerson


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Organizational Ethics Presentation - Emerson

  1. 1. It’s Complicated… The Relationship Between Organizations & Ethics Dov Emerson
  2. 2. “The thrust of Jewish ethicalimpulse is highly .”“accountability for sin andvirtue, innocence and guilt areapportioned … bothpenitence and restitution are .”-By The Sweat of Your Brow
  3. 3. “Villains werequicklyidentifiable bytheir dress, theirspeech, theiractions, and thecolor of theirhorses.”-D.Schnall, By TheSweat of Your Brow
  4. 4. “…the ambiguousand almostindistinguishableforms of evilresident in thecorporate structuresof … organizations.” “the perpetrators may be well-meaning, even righteous individuals who look neither like monsters nor devils but more like clerks and neighbors.” -D. Schnall, By the Sweat of Your Brow
  5. 5. “When“Arendt posited that…those in league with thedevil no longer spit fire or carry pitchforks.”– D.Schnall, By the Sweat of Your Brow
  6. 6. “Dangerous irrationalities promote actions that individuals would neverconsider on their own, but by the force of organizational routine, soonbecome standard procedure … the problem is exacerbated when theenterprise has a religious or nationalist mission.”
  7. 7. It is difficult even in principle to identify who is morallyresponsible for political outcomes.This is what I call the problem of many hands. - Thompson
  8. 8. The honor of the political leader … however, lies precisely in an exclusive personal responsibility for what he does, a responsibilityThe honor of he cannot andthe civil must not rejectservant is or transfer.vested in his - Max Weberability toexecuteconscientiouslythe order ofthe superiorauthority, exactly as if theorder agreedwith his ownconviction…
  9. 9. “Instead of functioning within well-defined jurisdictions andsettled lines of authority … instead of respecting a cleardistinction between politics and administrations, bureaucratsexercise discretionary authority either delegated to them, orsimply assumed by them, to shape and often to make policy.” -Dennis Thompson
  10. 10. In any organization, the man at the top must bear theresponsibility. -Richard Nixon
  11. 11. “No one element of thepopulation is responsible forall red tape or even most ofit … we all have a hand in it.”-Herbert Kaufman
  12. 12. Collective Responsibility #2As one strives to fix responsibility … again and again one is confronted… not with any individual, but with a host of individuals fused into avast, unapproachable, insensate organism. - Stillman
  13. 13. Ascribing responsibility to officials as persons rather thansimply as occupants of certain offices or as members of acollectivity… - Thompson
  14. 14. “Then your elders and your judges shall go out and they shall measure to the cities which are round about him that was slain.” -Deuteronomy 21:2“And they shall declare and say: Ourhands have not shed this blood andour eyes have not seen him.”-Deuteronomy 21:7
  15. 15. An Ethical Weather Report…
  16. 16. “It‟s the Johnson &Johnson way…”
  17. 17. An EthicalClimate…Help managers and employees answer the question: “What should I do?”“How shall I do it?”
  18. 18. Principle / DeontologyEgoism / Self-interest Caring / Benevolence
  19. 19. 5 Distinct Ethical ClimatesInstrumental Caring Independent Climate Climate Climate Rules Laws and Oriented Codes Climate Climate
  20. 20. “There is no onebest ethicalclimate: firms canbe ethical in manyways. However, theeffectiveness ofan ethical climatehas importantimplications forthe ethicalbehavior of theorganization.”-Cullen, Stephans,& Victor
  21. 21. Ethics & Leadership
  22. 22. The State of(Ethical)StrategicLeadership
  23. 23. “School leaders are not “The few studiesas readily cognizant of that do exploremoral authority as a ethical dimensionsbasis for their work.” – indicate that schoolSergiovanni & Starratt leaders are not aware of the moral or ethical aspect of their work.” -Glanz“Principals “principalsdenied that the reportedchallenges they that, althoughfaced on a they madedaily basis ethicalwere ethical in choices, theynature.” had a hard time-Campbell defining „ethics.‟” - Klinker and Hackmann
  24. 24. In my heart I know most people who move into leadership positions want to be Q2leaders. But something happens to them when they actually make the move to theadministrator‟s office. Somehow some of them lose their sense of moraldirection, their notions of rightness and wrongness, their definitions of truth andjustice, and they frequently seek expedient solutions to problems without regard tounderlying ethical principles.Then, before long, they change into Q1s, Q3s, or Q4s. This presents a managementdevelopment problem for school districts: how do they recruit leaders who arecapable of and willing to be Q2 leaders, and how do they restructure theirdistrict‟s reward system to help leaders stay within the Q2 arena? -Duffy
  25. 25. Social JusticeInforming Strategic Leadership
  26. 26. Buildingan EthicofCaring “Although appropriate at some point in educational history, the traditional model of bureaucratic school organization in which organizational needs supersede individual interests is no longer appropriate.” -Glanz
  27. 27. Caring educators „frequently develop relationships that are the groundsfor motivating, cajoling, and inspiring others to excellence. Generallythoughtful and sensitive, they see nuances in people‟s efforts at goodperformance and acknowledge them;they recognize the diverse and individual qualities in people and deviseindividual standards of expectation, incentives, and rewards‟ -Marshall
  28. 28. However, strategicplanning, above all else, ispredicated most fundamentallyon an articulated, well-established and accepted vision, missio n and series of goals for the school that is filtered Articulation through and monitored by an ethical and Building moral lens. Creating Defining
  29. 29. The treatment of ethics Researchers need toas serious study for examine closely thebetter understanding role ethics plays instrategy in education strategy development.has been abysmally -Glanzinsufficient -Bowman
  30. 30. Applications for Our Schools