ABOUT THE FRAThe European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), which was established inMarch 2007, provides assistance and expertise to European Union (EU) and nationalpolicy makers on fundamental rights issues, helping them shape the laws that will makefundamental rights a reality for everyone in the EU. Fundamental rights form partof the founding values of the EU and include rights related to human dignity, freedom,equality, solidarity, citizens’ rights and justice.The FRA carries out legal and social science research, analysing legislation for conformitywith fundamental rights and collecting data on the actual situation people experienceon the ground. Based on the evidence gathered, the FRA provides guidance on how toimprove the fundamental rights of people living in the EU. The FRA also informs peopleabout their fundamental rights. You can find us online at: http://fra.europa.eu or on Facebook at: www.facebook.com/fundamentalrights and you can follow us on Twitter: www.twitter.com/EURightsAgency We also have a YouTube channel: www.youtube.com/user/EUAgencyFRAThis is the fifth edition of the FRA S’cool Agenda. The S’cool Agenda seeks to raiseawareness about fundamental rights among 12-to-18-year-olds. It is available in print forfree or can be downloaded from our website.Learn how fundamental rights hts circ le o f rig ht s circle o f rights circle of right s cir cl e of r ig h ig ts frimpact everyone‘s lives o cir cl e cle cir of ri g h ts ht rig sthrough the Circle of ci rc le ted …no spec in t be l irc e ing re r beca ing judge of sc …be ked afte us you loo e of how d and loo old age… rig htof rights, available you k or wher rig your hts right come from e from , of cir … iﬁe e wh life ign fre are bo en you d le … led n a nit e cle en uca po in rk… d a rn… be to nd y ed e op e it wo tit tio rtu th irc d g an livin ing an th us of of ron our website! sc … to rld wo g ht ig ht f ri s cir cle o cle of …be some aspe ivate… to ke of your acce g life pr s circle of rights cir s… ...havin ss servicealth ing ab cts ep rights circle of rights circl to he Making fundamental rights le a reality means… fellow t for your – like on your respec ind, with having the right to be yourself! your in life decis who to …be portant …be say wh able to le to marry n... of righ t citize m ow ing ab ions ing – at’s on im ns… take ircle e of rig d did n a s… an can pea tion ts c … ht stan ate nd be hoo ver ve in le lie se y ha to d in a uro lec rig h c te lie ab ve t ou wh o b ing rig h E al e vin vo as in… o a e t be g te c ts c lo … e th of liv irc job… r a somewe… le g fo l irc he eo lookin when lookin re to hers sc g for as ot rtunities as ot f he rig oppo rs when t oppo h me rtunit ht rig the sa g …ha ving ies sc ...havin the sa of me irc le le rc o ci fr s ig ht ht ri g sc of irc cl e le cir rig of hts ig hts of r circ ircle f ri g le o ht s cir h ts c cle of rights circle of rig FRA-10-101_disk_EN.indd 1 22/02/12 09:06
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How much do you know about fundamental rights in Europe? In this agenda you will find the following useful information on fundamental rights: • hat are fundamental rights w • undamental rights-related stories from the lives f of people across the EU All 54 articles of • tips on how to promote and protect fundamental rights the Charter of • a test to check the human rights temperature in your school Fundamental Rights • a quiz to test your fundamental rights knowledge are in this agenda. Find out your rights every week • suggestions on how you can help fight discrimination and test your knowledge • questions to think about and discuss with your friends at the end of this • links to youth programmes so you can get involved S’cool Agenda! • seful facts about the work of the EU and u international organisations • international days to commemorate various human Hi, i am y rights anniversaries and much more… timm Timmy will accompany you throughout the agenda. The Charter of the Fundamental Rights of the European Union is YOUR bill of rights. The fundamental rights areas covered by the Charter are presented throughout this agenda. Find out more about your rights every week and test yourself at the end of the S’cool Agenda!
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Calendar July August SeptemberWk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S26 1 31 1 2 3 4 5 35 1 2 27 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 32 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 36 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 28 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 33 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 37 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 29 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 34 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 38 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 30 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 35 27 28 29 30 31 39 24 25 26 27 28 29 3031 30 31 October November DecemberWk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S40 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 44 1 2 3 4 48 1 2 41 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 45 5 6 7 8 9 11 10 49 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 42 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 46 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 50 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 43 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 47 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 51 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 44 29 30 31 48 26 27 28 29 30 52 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 53 31 January February MarchWk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S1 1 2 3 4 5 6 5 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 2 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 6 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 10 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 3 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 7 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 11 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 4 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 8 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 12 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 5 28 29 30 31 9 25 26 27 28 13 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 April May JuneWk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S Wk M T W T F S S14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 18 1 2 3 4 5 22 1 2 15 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 19 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 23 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 16 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 20 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 24 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 25 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 18 29 30 22 27 28 29 30 31 26 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Rights of the ChildAre you a child? Even if you don’t consider yourself a child anymore…...in legal terms, a child is defined as anyone under the age of 18.All humans have human rights. But children, because they are stillgrowing, need special protection and have special additional rights.Children have, for example, the right to relax and play. They also havethe right to be protected from dangerous work, sexual abuse andharmful drugs.The rights of children are included in the laws of the country you livein and in European and international laws called “treaties”, likethe United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Have your voicFor an easy-to-understand version of the CRC, see: e heard! Check out whawww.unicef.org/magic/briefing/uncorc.html. t some active youngsters say on Facebook! Voices of youth: www.facebook There are a number of easily understandable rights, .com/ voicesofyouth such as the right to education or the right to health. But other rights are less obvious. Freedom of association and freedom of religion, the right to information and the right to be heard in matters affecting you, such as by the court if your parents divorce, are all examples of rights to which every child is entitled. ‘If we are ever to have real peace in this world, we shall have to begin Copyright Buenos Dias / AGE with the children.’ Mahatma Gandhi political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement (1869–1948) have an Discussion questions: r country ? Does you son for Children p er Ombuds WHAT? - How and when can children sperson participate in deciding ds n Ombud ea h matters in the family, in school An Ombu ean countries hav nt institution whic Some Europ n inde pende dren. n: this is a or in local government? hts of chil - Can you think of ways you could for childre promotes the rig and rk of protects an Netwo improve things in your school? t th e Europe Check ou dren: Are there any changes you would like ns for chil to suggest? Omb udsperso . .org/enoc www.crin
June Week 26M O N D AY 25 T U E S D AY 26 W E D N E S D AY 27 Did you know? Children go missing for different reasons. They may run away from home, be abducted by someone or they may simply get lost. Children who go missing and their families can now call 116000 (hotline116000.eu) for immediate support in a crisis. The first few hours after a child’s disappearance are of vital importance! The European hotline number 116 000 is already up and running in Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and the UK. 25 May is International Missing Children’s Day. Are you thinking of running away? Let’s talk!T H U R S D AY 28 F R I D AY 29 S AT U R D AY 30 S U N D AY 1
Week 27 JulyM O N D AY 2 T U E S D AY 3 W E D N E S D AY 4T H U R S D AY 5 F R I D AY 6 S AT U R D AY 7 S U N D AY 8
July Week 28M O N D AY 9 T U E S D AY 10 W E D N E S D AY 11T H U R S D AY 12 F R I D AY 13 S AT U R D AY 14 S U N D AY 15
Week 29 JulyM O N D AY 16 T U E S D AY 17 W E D N E S D AY 18T H U R S D AY 19 F R I D AY 20 S AT U R D AY 21 S U N D AY 22
July Week 30M O N D AY 23 T U E S D AY 24 W E D N E S D AY 25T H U R S D AY 26 F R I D AY 27 S AT U R D AY 28 S U N D AY 29 One of the main tasks of the FRA is to collect, analyse and disseminate objective, reliable and comparable information on the development of fundamental rights in the EU. The agency also develops methodsand standards to improve the quality and comparability of data at EU level, as well carrying out and supporting scientific research and surveys.
Week 31 AugustM O N D AY 30 T U E S D AY 31 W E D N E S D AY 1T H U R S D AY 2 F R I D AY 3 S AT U R D AY 4 S U N D AY 5
August Week 32M O N D AY 6 T U E S D AY 7 W E D N E S D AY 8T H U R S D AY 9 F R I D AY 10 S AT U R D AY 11 S U N D AY 12 TIONAL IN TERNA AY D YOUTH
Disc riminationin educationEducation for all is a first step towards a societythat caters for everyone. Everyone, everywhereat anytime should have the right to choose thekind of education they want to receive.Did you know? ren are Europe, Roma childIn some schools in m other children, although, ically separate fro e of a lackkept phys This is not becaus e in the same building! ols – it is sometimes, they ar e they attend diffe rent types of scho becaus Other examples of of space. Nor is it simply di scrimination! discrimination are: y found Roma ols and 35 classes in Hungar : • racist content in school books A survey of 18 scho d from the others se when they are separate • acist beha r viour/acts by school pupils perform wor orly in separated cla sses, pils performed po teachers or students 69% of Roma pu a pupils in mixed classes. % of Rom • religious discrimination compared with 40 allenges and achiev ements nts l rights: ch • xtreme right-wing incide e (FRA, Fundamenta ) l port, 2011 at schoo in 2010 – Annual Re of immigrant and rvey of the FRA on the experiences In the EU-wide su n (EU-MIDIS), n and victimisatio ucation ou ps of discriminatio inated against in ed ethnic minority gr ey had been discrim ondents felt th ents or as parents. 10% of Roma resp year, either as stud at leas t once in the past 09) n results report, 20 (FRA, EU-MIDIS Mai Promising practices e for Roma a European training programm The Council of Europe launched with legal and diators will provide Roma people mediators. Once trained, the me y may face in m overcome any difficulties the administrative advice to help the ployment and access to housing, education, em exercising their rights, such as healthcare. ds, all racist incidents ational schools in the Netherlan In primary, secondary and voc s are also made istration system. These number are registered in a national reg 1) public. (FRA, Annual Report, 201 inclusion ed in April 2009 to address the An EU Platfor m for Roma Inclusion was launch and about m at: www.equineteurope.org of Roma in the EU. Read more about this platfor ope’s website: education on the Council of Eur discrimination against Roma in www.coe.int/romatravellers. If you are interested in Roma and Travellers in the EU, FRA can tell you more. Go to the publications section of our website to read a variety of publications on Roma, http://fra.europa.eu.
August Week 33M O N D AY 13 T U E S D AY 14 W E D N E S D AY 15T H U R S D AY 16 F R I D AY 17 S AT U R D AY 18 S U N D AY 19
Week 34 AugustM O N D AY 20 T U E S D AY 21 W E D N E S D AY 22T H U R S D AY 23 F R I D AY 24 S AT U R D AY 25 DAY IONAL ERNAT NCE INT EMBRA FOR T HE REM RADE AND T SLAVE OF THE ABOLITION ITS S U N D AY 26
Week 35 AugustM O N D AY 27 T U E S D AY 28 W E D N E S D AY 29T H U R S D AY 30 F R I D AY 31 S AT U R D AY 1 S U N D AY 2 hink about Q uestions to t e information in relevant is th nces How own experie this Age nda for your ou know? or for o ther people y
September Week 36M O N D AY 3 T U E S D AY 4 W E D N E S D AY 5T H U R S D AY 6 F R I D AY 7 S AT U R D AY 8 S U N D AY 9
September Week 38M O N D AY 17 T U E S D AY 18 W E D N E S D AY 19T H U R S D AY 20 F R I D AY 21 S AT U R D AY 22 S U N D AY 23
Week 39 SeptemberM O N D AY 24 T U E S D AY 25 W E D N E S D AY 26 Y EAN DA EUROP UAGES G OF LANT H U R S D AY 27 F R I D AY 28 S AT U R D AY 29 S U N D AY 30
Learning languages in Europ e KΩ ж Ђ б цs α∑ not uages are ic ial EU lang EU. The 23 off ages spoken in the n gu any the only la are also m r that there poken. Remembe nguages s nd minority la three different regional a ere are no w gether, th in the EU: Alto ts offic ially used alphabe ek and Cy rillic! Latin, Gre ‘A man who does not know a foreign language is ignorant of his own.’ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe German playwright, poet, novelist and dramatist (1749–1832) Learn howCopyright Buenos Dias / Bridgeman “thank yo to say u” and “he in the 23 o llo”Why should you learn languages? language fficial• o that you can understand local people S s of the EU . Go to Wee when you go on holiday abroad k 1!”• aybe you go to school with people M who speak foreign languages• o that you can make friends from other S countries• mployers often need people who can speak E foreign languages• f you can speak someone else’s language, I you can better understand their culture and perspective on life In various parts of ge is on langua the European Union, there g a comm ge. Speakin ral exchan are groups who speak a n for cultu e a conditio re than on language different to that of the , le arning mo ans, Therefore for Europe majority of the population is a necessity rk and of the State. It is estimated that as language move, wo many as 40 million citizens of the who are required to n expanding a ate within Union regularly use a regional or communic Union. minority language. European
Week 40 OctoberM O N D AY 1 T U E S D AY 2 W E D N E S D AY 3 DAY TIONAL IN TERNA PERSONS ER OF OLDT H U R S D AY 4 F R I D AY 5 S AT U R D AY 6 S U N D AY 7
October Week 41M O N D AY 8 T U E S D AY 9 W E D N E S D AY 10 ENTAL W ORLD M AY HD HEALTT H U R S D AY 11 F R I D AY 12 S AT U R D AY 13 DAY IONAL INT ERNAT GIRL OF THE S U N D AY 14
Week 42 OctoberM O N D AY 15 T U E S D AY 16 W E D N E S D AY 17T H U R S D AY 18 F R I D AY 19 S AT U R D AY 20 Y FFICKING DAEU AN TI-TRA S U N D AY 21
d traffickingChilHave you heard of child trafficking? ImportA child has been trafficked if he or she has been moved within Human ant:a country, or across borders, whether by force or not, in traffickin by dem g is driv an enorder to exploit the child. Exploitation can mean being for und d. Some men pforced into begging, prostitution or child labour. be done erage se ay x. WhSome call it the ‘slavery of today’. Did you know that the cam to change this at can paign ‘R ? Check ea ochild helplines last year received almost 10,000 calls www.de l men don’t bu utin relation to child trafficking? mianda y girls’ organis s ed by ac hton.org, tors Dem and Ash i MooreTrafficking is a horrendous crime! ton Kut cher.Victims (and their families) are threatened, raped andabused physically and emotionally.Trafficking is a businessSlave traders gained millions selling thousands of Africans to the Americas between the 16thand 19th century. Traffickers continue to earn lots of money from this modern slavery. Trafficking is not smuggling A smuggler gets paid to assist people in crossing borders website MTV has a illegally, which are often dangerous journeys. For example, some , films with music on smugglers organise motor boats to cross the Mediterranean Sea and othe r info from the African coast to Spain, Italy or Malta. Smuggled people ut! , check it otrafficking xit.o rg who manage to cross are free when they arrive, although their www.mtve legal status can vary from country to country. The victim of trafficking is not free but enslaved. think about: Something to es re that the cloth What does this Ho w can you be su made by childre n symbol stand for? you buy have not been affickers? exploited by tr You can influence things! Check the website of your favourite shops and see what they say about child labour or child exploitation! Check out the answer in Week 49!
Week 43 OctoberM O N D AY 22 T U E S D AY 23 W E D N E S D AY 24T H U R S D AY 25 F R I D AY 26 S AT U R D AY 27 S U N D AY 28 An example of child exploitation In 2005, the European Court of Human Rights judged a case of a girl from Togo who worked as a domestic labourer. She worked 15 hours a day, with no days off, cleaning and caring for children. She slept on a mattress on the floor of the baby’s bedroom. She was not paid. The Court said that these conditions violated Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which prohibits slavery, servitude and forced labour.
November Week 44M O N D AY 29 T U E S D AY 30 W E D N E S D AY 31T H U R S D AY 1 F R I D AY 2 S AT U R D AY 3 S U N D AY 4
Week 45 NovemberM O N D AY 5 T U E S D AY 6 W E D N E S D AY 7T H U R S D AY 8 F R I D AY 9 S AT U R D AY 10 NG OF OF THE MARKI ER 1938 OPTION LARATION OVEMB NACHT AD EC THE N RISTAL RSAL D HTS MK UNIVE AN RIG POGRO O F HUM S U N D AY 11
November Week 46M O N D AY 12 T U E S D AY 13 W E D N E S D AY 14T H U R S D AY 15 F R I D AY 16 S AT U R D AY 17 DAY IONAL INT ERNAT ANCE ER OF TOL S U N D AY 18
Domestic violence Domestic violence is violence which happens in the home. It does not happen by accident. People do not become violent because they are under stress, have had too much to drink or are unemployed. It is instead a conscious decision to undermine another person, to control them or to make them feel powerless! Women and children are all too often at risk of suffering from domestic violence. ce: s of violen ing, many form tings, slapping, pushThere are ce (bea violen• physical murder); chokin g and even ical violence (insults, ct, g on, negle r psycholo , defamati • mental o timidation rror); humiliatio n, in hological te g and psyc ats, stalkin or assault); suicide thre e (rape, sexual abuse iolenc trolling or • sexual v lence (con l or ec onomic vio one from • financia ting some on ey, preven hoarding m count). openin g an ac en in d Childr for battere lter a she n comme nt: saw wome s me. I also hurt om. my m “It also as beating tomach, Such violence can have serious consequences for victims, ew ys 1. how h ing sad, in m ,” Sabina, 1 d especially children. They may encounter problems sleeping I was feel ring i m an r, s shive between h eat he or concentrating. They may develop eating disorders or ng wa ev erythi ut myself in he doesn’t b become angry and aggressive. Some even commit suicide. ys p hat 14. “I alwa other, so t Bernhard, Children have a right to grow up in an abuse-free my m e.” but m household. Domestic violence is illegal, and the state has a duty to protect children. If you experience violence, you should notify the police. European emergency number: 112 In 2011–2012, the FRA will carry out the first EU-wide survey on gender-based violence against women. The survey will collect details about the violence, those who carry it out and the situations where such violence occurs. These results will be made available in 2013 and will be used to better assist victims. For more information, go to: http://fra.europa.eu.
November Week 47M O N D AY 19 T U E S D AY 20 W E D N E S D AY 21 ’S H ILDREN RSAL C UNIVE DAYT H U R S D AY 22 F R I D AY 23 S AT U R D AY 24 S U N D AY 25 DAY IONAL ON INT ERNAT ATI ELIMIN F OR THE CE AGAINST LEN OF VIO OMEN W
Week 48 NovemberM O N D AY 26 T U E S D AY 27 W E D N E S D AY 28T H U R S D AY 29 F R I D AY 30 S AT U R D AY 1 S U N D AY 2
et out ies are s “The UN Convention with disabilit ion on the on the Rights of Persons with f people (UN) Convent 27 EU rights o PD). All Disabilities sends a clear The nited Nations isabilities (CR nventio n, in the U ersons with D d up to the Co and message: it is not persons with fP ne g Rights o tates have sig nt to promotin disabilities who need to change to fit rS e Membe heir committm society but society itself, which must adapt gt rights. showin to the needs of persons with disabilities” g these pr otectin (FRA Director, Morten Kjaerum)isabillity disabi i ty Facts: • There are 80 million people with disabilities in Europe. • Globally, some 180 million 10 - to 24-year olds live with a physical, sensory or intellectual disability or mental health problem significant enough to make a difference to their daily lives. • Young people with disabilities are two-to-five times more at risk of violence than their non-disabled peers. • Nine out of 10 people with a learning disability have experienced bullying or been the victim of a crime. If your vote is not counted, The “unable” model of disability do you not count? The right to vote is a fundamental right of all EU citizens. However, in some EU Member States, people with mental health problems or intellectual disabilities are discriminated against, as they are not granted this right. (FRA report on the Right to political participation, 2010)
Fact:95% of websites are not accessible to people withdisabilities, as texts are hard to read, controls difficultto click, audio hard to hear or videos hard to see.Education for all Did you know? The Nazis led anEveryone should have the right to choose what kind of aggressive euth campaign tryi anasiaeducation they want to receive. The UN Convention says ng to they considered eradicate peoplethat people with disabilities have a right to education, Within a short ‘unworthy to liv period of time, e’.which they should enjoy without discrimination and on people were ki about 70,300the basis of equal opportunity. States have to provide lled. Formally, programme ta the euthanasiainclusive education systems which lead to the full rgeted people and physical di with mental sabilities. In redevelopment of an individual’s potential, personality, it also extended ality, though,abilities, dignity and self-worth. to anyone cons a threat to the idered Nazi regime. (Association O lokaustros, 20 08)Facts:18% of all Europeans go to university, but only9% of Europeans with disabilities go to university. abilities eopl e with dis How can p r school’s particip ate in you ities? daily activ 3 December has been International Day of Persons with DisabilitiesThe enabling model of disability since 1992, during which activities are held around the world to raise awareness about a specific theme. In 2011, the focus was on including people with disabilities in development policies and programmes to create a 21st century ‘society for all’. Other years have looked at topics such as independent living and accessibility.