Discursive essay writing

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Tips on Writing for information for SQA exams.

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Discursive essay writing

  1. 1. Writing for Information Doon Academy Library
  2. 2. Which type of essay? <ul><li>Discursive/Argumentative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both sides of argument </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informative/Persuasive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explaining a topic </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Planning 1 <ul><li>Before you start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about possible topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid the obvious ones – too boring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch the news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do background reading </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Locating information <ul><li>Library catalogue </li></ul><ul><li>Issues series </li></ul><ul><li>English page </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discursive links </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers websites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics sites </li></ul></ul></ul>Use a range of sources
  5. 5. Planning 2 <ul><li>Decide on your problem or question </li></ul><ul><li>Start a mind map </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try Mindomo or Mindmeister or Bubbl.us </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make up an essay plan </li></ul>
  6. 7. Locating information 2 <ul><li>Up to date </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Unbiased </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritative </li></ul>
  7. 8. Note-taking <ul><li>Skim and scan for facts to back up your argument </li></ul><ul><li>Record them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In your jotter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a visual way, making a timeline, a web or a diagram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By making lists, columns, or outlines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By highlighting text </li></ul></ul>Do not copy and paste
  8. 9. Note-taking 2 <ul><li>How does this fit with what I have already read? </li></ul><ul><li>What doesn’t make sense? </li></ul><ul><li>Which side does this evidence support? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the characteristics of this source? </li></ul><ul><li>What do I still need to find out? </li></ul>
  9. 10. Getting organised <ul><li>You work hard to find information so look after it! </li></ul><ul><li>Only print what you need </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your notes on a mind-map or word doc. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your work in a folder or inside your jotter. </li></ul><ul><li>Note your sources as you go along. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Getting organised 2 <ul><li>Note details of resources you use: </li></ul><ul><li>URL, Author, title, date, publisher, page numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>The work will be copyright. </li></ul><ul><li>This applies to web pages and </li></ul><ul><li>CD-ROMs as well as books </li></ul>
  11. 12. Academic honesty <ul><li>Copyright means you must not copy! </li></ul><ul><li>Copy and pasting is passing of other people’s work as your own </li></ul><ul><li>SQA can cancel all your exam entries </li></ul><ul><li>Universities expel students caught copying </li></ul>
  12. 13. What is Plagiarism? <ul><li>Using a choice phrase or sentence that you have come across. </li></ul><ul><li>C opying word-for-word directly from a text. </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing the words from a text very closely. </li></ul><ul><li>Using text downloaded from the internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Borrowing statistics or assembled facts from another person or source. </li></ul><ul><li>Copying or downloading figures, photographs, pictures or diagrams without acknowledging your sources. </li></ul>Source: Open University What constitutes plagiarism or cheating?
  13. 14. Self-evaluation 1 <ul><li>Review your information </li></ul><ul><li>Support your argument with evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Give your own opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Finish with a summary and a conclusion </li></ul>
  14. 15. Self-evaluation 2 <ul><li>Make sure you are happy with how your work looks. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the spelling and grammar checker </li></ul><ul><li>Ask someone else to read it over </li></ul><ul><li>Hand it in on time! </li></ul><ul><li>Have a look at Check your sources for more help </li></ul>

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