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Leader Behaviors Ppt


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Leader Behaviors Ppt

  1. 1. Theories of Leader Behaviors<br />Ben Divine, Jon Feil, MarquitaOleson<br />
  2. 2. Brief History<br />Early Research <br />Ohio State University studies<br />University of Michigan studies <br />Contemporary Theories <br />Practical Applications<br />LBDQ<br />Synopsis <br />
  3. 3. Brief History <br />Entrance of Leader Behavior Research <br />
  4. 4. Pre -1940’s: “Great Person” approach <br />Heavy focus on traits (innate characteristics)<br />Intelligence, integrity, sociability, physical traits, etc. <br />No “trait set” predicts effective leadership (Stogdill,1963)<br />1940’s +: Observable leader behaviors<br />Actions of leaders in various settings<br />Objective assessment of leader actions<br />Can be altered/enhanced <br />Brief History <br />
  5. 5. Early Research<br />Leader Behavior Theory Foundation<br />
  6. 6. Generated list of typical leader behaviors<br /><ul><li>LBDQ: 150 items (applicable across occupations)</li></ul>2 major leadership types (Fleishman, 1953)<br />1. Consideration (people oriented)<br />2. Initiating Structure (task oriented)<br />Combination of both can be effective (Gilmore et al., 1979)<br />No one universally effective style <br />Ohio State Studies (1950s)<br />
  7. 7. Impact of leader behaviors on small groups<br />2 leader behavior types (similar to OSU study)<br />1. Employee Orientation (human relations emphasis)<br />2. Production Orientation (results emphasis)<br />Can incorporate both at once (Kahn, 1956)<br />Research still unclear on most effective methods (Yukl, 1994)<br />University of Michigan Studies (1950s)<br />