Prepared By-Akhil Dubey
Roll no – 02 (Sem 1)
In 1945 the bureau of business
research at OHIO state university
initiated a series of studies on
This study states 2 dimensions of
1. Initiating Structure
It is task oriented leadership behavior.
In this Leader defines his or her role and group members roles.
Explains how the task to be accomplished by the group.
It includes the following
1.letting group people know what is expected from them.
2. Asking them to follow the rules and regulations.
3. Fix standard.
1. Being friendly with the group members.
2. Treat people of all group as his or her equal.
3. Respect for group members.
4. Supportiveness towards group members.
Positive relationship between consideration and
Regularity of employees and low grievances.
Positive relationship between Initiating Structure
and employees performance but also associates
absenteeism & grievances.
Study conducted slightly after
world war 2 of the institute of
social research at the university
Purpose of the study is to
identify the styles of leadership
behavior that result higher
performance of group.
Interpersonal relations, taking personal interest
in the needs of employees.
Treating subordinates as a human being.
To motivate the employees.
employee participation in decision making.
i. Rigid work standards, procedures and rules.
ii. Close supervision of the subordinates.
iii. Technical aspect of the job.
iv. Employees are considered as a tool to accomplish
the goal (not treating like a human being).
Both styles led to increase in production.
Production oriented styles led to decrease in
satisfaction and increase in turnover.
Employees oriented styles led to increase in
satisfaction but decrease in absenteeism.