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DIVERSIFOOD Final Congress - Session 4 - Tools for community biodiversity management - Regine Andersen and Bela Bartha


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"Tools for community biodiversity management" by Regine Andersen, Fridtjof Nansen Institute and Bela Bartha, Pro Specie Rara

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DIVERSIFOOD Final Congress - Session 4 - Tools for community biodiversity management - Regine Andersen and Bela Bartha

  1. 1. TOOLS FOR COMMUNITY BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT Regine Andersen, Senior Research Fellow, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway Béla Bartha, Executive Director, Pro Specie Rara, Switzerland DIVERSIFOOD Final Conference, Rennes, 10 – 12 December 2018
  2. 2. Partners • Regine Andersen, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway • Béla Bartha, ProSpecieRara • Isabelle Goldringer, INRA • Emil Platzer, Arche Noah • Beate Koller, Arche Noah • Pierre Rivière, Réseau Semences Paysannes • Riccardo Bocci, Rete Semi Rurali • Thomas Mathieu, INRA • Naino Kader, INRA
  3. 3. Background • Community Seed Banks well known in the South: Origin in the 1980s • Core objective: To maintain plant genetic diversity and provide access for farmers who cannot find what they need in the formal seed sector • Often linked to participatory methods for management and breeding of plant varieties and populations and to empowerment of farmers Li-BIRD LI-BIRD, Nepal
  4. 4. Background • CSBs in Europe have evolved as grasroot initiatives from networks/organizations of farmers or gardeners • Represent an important contribution to the conservation and sustainable use of crop genetic diversity in Europe, and to make this available for farmers and garders. • Thus an important contribution to the implementation of the Plant Treaty in Europe. • Diversifood conducted the first Europe wide survey on CSBs. A questionnaire was sent out to around 200 potential respondents.
  5. 5. Initiatives participating in CSB survey 85 responses received l
  6. 6. Where do you see the most important achievements of your CSB? 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% in training, education, awareness raising In the conservation of rare crops in involvement and participation in crop improvement in political work, advocacy in research in social innovations
  7. 7. What do you consider the greatest barriers for reaching your objectives 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Lack of financial resources Lack of manpower Obstructive legal environment Lack of technical resources Lack of knowledge Lack of land conflicts or opponents Lack of publicity
  8. 8. What do you consider the greatest strength of your CSB to overcome those barriers? Open question; answers clustered 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 enthusiasm - engagement - endurance - volonteers - Fleiß common vision and values - group power - collective action - solidarity - friendship Great, growing acceptance - sensibilisation of the public - being well known good contacts with media, public bodies, other networks and organisations the ability to improvise - to be flexible - being free and no burocracy - being resilient Being small, being local
  9. 9. SUMMARISING THE SURVEY FINDINGS: CSB Initiatives in Europe are many…. and diverse! • In their numbers per region • In their geographic and thematic scope of activities • In their age - from 1 to 35 • In their social structures: • 25% still informal, others are associations, foundations, cooperatives and limiteds; • Most non-profit, some to minor extent for profit • 10-10.000 persons involved in the communities • Big variations with regards to available resources • variations in stakeholder group numbers and priorities • variations in crop species and numbers – not all deal with seeds • different methods and infastructure – not all have seedbanks • Different aims, triggers, role-models and approaches
  10. 10. Further tools – an overview • Databases: Are an efficient tool for storing and managing information on crop genetic diversity and to manage the seed flow itself. • CropMetaPop-software: A simulation-based approach to identify how seed circulation, farmers’ practices and local selective pressures interact to shape diversity structures within population • Implementing Farmers’ Rights as addressed in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture • Multi-actor workshop in 6 EU-member countries with overall 277 participants from 25 dif. countries took place to promote dialogue on enabling policy and legal environments connected to biodiversity products.
  11. 11. Biodiversity management system: We examined 5 established CSB and described how they are connected to the national pgr conservation system Formal sector Gene bank, (varieties conserved here represent varieties that are included in the National plan of action for conservation of pgrfa) Research (Agroscope, FibL) evaluation, collecting specific data, sharing knowhow. Using pgr from gene bank and CSB. Seed Field 2 Seed Field 3
  12. 12. Government CTPS GEVES CTPS SEV SNES SOC GNIS Private Companies WIPO EPO UPOV INPI UFS ESA EU FR parliament ITPGRFA / CBD (Nagoya and Carthagena protocols) HCB FRB Public Research (INRA, CNRS, MNHN, etc) Gene bank RSP MSP: - Farmers - Gardeners - micorentreprises MSP MSP Semons la biodiversité IFOAM-EU Participate to Work with InfluenceAsk Publish patent pbr INOV catalog Market MSP CP ITAB CPVO Constrain LLD ECVC LVC ISF DGAL BSSV
  13. 13. Trying to define CSB A community seed bank...: • Has somewhere to store seeds/propagating material or to grow plant collections • Is jointly managed by people involved, either as an informal network or a registered organization or a cooperative with more than one member. • Is normally non-profit and part of the informal, or semi- informal seed system, with roots in civil society • Follows joint objectives, based on shared values and rules, normally creating an own culture and identity
  14. 14. FOLLOW UP OF DIVERSIFOOD: DYNAVERSITY (EU – Horizon 2020): DYNAVERSITY analyses and describes the actors involved in plant genetic conservation for agriculture in order to suggest management and governance models and to construct new forms of networking on the national and international level. Suitable Seeds (Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Follows up the engagement of DIVERSIFOOD with the Global South. DIVERSIFOOD organized several meetings, sharing experiences from the North and South. Suitable Seeds aims to provide policy solutions that better respond to the needs for conservation of/access to, suitable seeds in fragile states and states affected by rapid climate change in the South.
  15. 15. 17 Thank you for your attention!