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DIVERSIFOOD Final Congress - Session 6 - Poster presentations

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Participatory ideotyping for organic and locally adapted wheat variety mixtures
by Emma Forst, INRA, France
Seeding the Green Future – Participatory organic cotton breeding
by Monika Messmer, Fibl, Switzerland
LIVESEED boosting organic seed and plant breeding across Europe
by Monika Messmer, Fibl, Switzerland
Paradigm shift for muti-actor and transdisciplinary research
Veronique Chable, INRA, France

Published in: Food
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DIVERSIFOOD Final Congress - Session 6 - Poster presentations

  1. 1. Poster presentations Session 6 Paradigm shift for multi-actor and transdisciplinary research
  2. 2. Participatory ideotyping for organic and locally adapted wheat variety mixtures Emma Forst1*, Jérôme Enjalbert1, Julie Borg2, Arnaud Gauffreteau3, Bastien Paix4, and Isabelle Goldringer1 1 GQE – Le Moulon, INRA. Gif-sur-Yvette, France. 2 PSH, INRA. Avignon, France. 3 Agronomie, INRA, AgroParisTech. Grignon, France. 4 Groupement des Agriculteurs Biologiques d’Ile-de-France. Tournan-en-Brie, France.
  3. 3. Participatory ideotyping for organic and locally adapted wheat variety mixtures Objective •  to optimize the design of variety mixtures •  using relevant criteria (for plant interactions) •  integrating organic farmers’ practices and objectives for production Methods •  participatory ideotyping (farmers, researchers,…) •  defining assembly rules (for traits to combine) •  co-design of farmers’ mixtures and on-farm evaluation in 2016, 2017 and 2018
  4. 4. Main result •  17 co-designed mixtures •  Mean overyielding: 4,8% (over three years) •  Limit risks of yield losses Participatory ideotyping for organic and locally adapted wheat variety mixtures → Next step: validate the assembly rules
  5. 5. ü A participatory approach based on workshops with farmers and on farm trials ü Definition of assembly rules and strategies for improving weed control and nitrogen valorisation ü Evaluation of the co- designed mixtures : stability of the production emma.forst@inra.fr Take Home Message Participatory ideotyping for organic and locally adapted wheat variety mixtures
  6. 6. Seeding the Green Future – Participatory organic cotton breeding Monika M. Messmer1; Shivraj Raghuwanshi2; Ramprasad Sana3,4; Rajeev Verma5; Tanay Joshi1; Surendra Deshmukh6; Ashok Kumar3; Vikram Raghuwanshi7; Adinath Paslawar6; Ashis Mondal7; Prakash Shastry8; Arun Ambatipudi3; Seraina Vonzun1; Amritbir Riar1 1 Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland, www.fibl.org, 2 Pratibha Syntex Ltd, Indore, India, www.pratibhasyntex.com 3 Chetna Organic, Hyderabad, India, www.chetnaorganic.org.in, 4 Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, CSA, Secunderabad, India, www.csa-india.org 5 CottonConnect , Gurgaon, India, cottonconnect.org, 6 Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola India www.pdkv.ac.in, 7 Action for Social Advancement, ASA, Bhopal, India, www.asaindia.org, 8 Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, RVSKVV Gwalior, India www.rvskvv.net
  7. 7. Seeding the Green Future – Participatory organic cotton breeding Objective •  Re-establish non-GM cotton seed chain in India •  Develop new cotton cultivars adapted to organic farming •  Foster varietal lines and traditional cotton species Methods •  Participatory cotton cultivar trials •  Initiate decentralized participatory cotton breeding •  Capacity building with focus on female and tribal farmers
  8. 8. Seeding the Green Future – Participatory organic cotton breeding Results •  Collaboration of 7 partners •  7 on-station mother trials in 3 states in India •  150 on-farm baby and pilot trials in 6 states •  First promising candidates for cultivar release identified
  9. 9. Seeding the Green Future – Participatory organic cotton breeding Supported by Contact: Monika.Messmer@fibl.org Amritbir.Riar@fibl.org www.greencotton.org www.fibl.org/en/themes/organic- cotton.html
  10. 10. Boosting organic seed and plant breeding across Europe Monika M. Messmer (FiBL-CH, scientific coordination); Freya Schäfer (FiBL-DE); Maaike Raaijmakers (Bionext); Frédéric Rey (ITAB); Véronique Chable (INRA); Edwin Nuijten (LBI); Edith Lammerts van Bueren; Pedro Mendes-Moreira (IPC); Riccardo Bocci (RSR); Dora Drexler (ÖMKI); Susanne Padel (ORC); Raffaele Zanoli (UnivPM11; Alexandra Fuss (IFOAM EU); Bram Moeskops (IFOAM EU, coordinator) Horizon 2020 Project 2017-2021
  11. 11. Boosting organic seed and plant breeding Goals •  LIVESEED aims at improving the performance of the organic sector & enabling more sustainable food systems •  Improve availability of high quality organic seed of adapted cultivars •  Continue breeding efforts of DIVERSIFOOD Objectives •  Improve production and use of organic seed •  Improve cultivar testing and release of organic cultivars •  Develop new seed health and breeding approaches •  Develop socio-economic models for the organic breeding & seed supply chain Horizon 2020 Project 2017-2021
  12. 12. Boosting organic seed and plant breeding Methodology •  Multi-actor and stakeholder involvement •  Inter- and transdisciplinary approach •  Policy – economy – science interface •  Holistic seed & breeding approaches •  Cutting edge technology Horizon 2020 Project 2017-2021 100% organic seed Increase of organic cultivars
  13. 13. Boosting organic seed and plant breeding Participate in •  Surveys (seed suppliers & farmer survey) •  Expert Interviews •  Workshops (12th December 018) •  Events (biofach 2019) Contact: Monika.Messmer@fibl.org Horizon 2020 Project 2017-2021 Liveseed @LIVESEEDeu www.liveseed.eu Follow our activities on
  14. 14. Paradigm shift for multi-actor and transdisciplinary research Veronique Chable, Estelle Serpolay, Adanella Rossi and Edwin Nuijten
  15. 15. Paradigm shift for multi-actor and transdisciplinary research Objective •  Principles of a new approach grounded on the DIVERSIFOOD researches Methods •  Iterative interaction with the project partners
  16. 16. Paradigm shift for multi-actor and transdisciplinary research Main result •  DIVERSIFOOD has developed tools and strategies for a life- oriented paradigm as an alternative approach to the dominant market-oriented paradigm
  17. 17. Paradigm shift for multi-actor and transdisciplinary research A life-oriented paradigm means: •  A redefined, sustainable co-evolution of socio- economic and ecological systems •  Shared commitment in the management of the common good from the perspective of LIFE Take Home Message To renew our look at LIFE

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