The De Medici Family


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My finished powerpoint presentation of the de Medici Family. By Gary Lirungan. Period 6. Mrs. Nicastro's Honors English Class

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The De Medici Family

  1. 1. By Gary Lirungan
  2. 2. Cosimo de Medici <ul><li>1389-1464 </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as Cosimo the Elder </li></ul><ul><li>Leading citizen and patron of the arts </li></ul><ul><li>Head of the bank that was the foundation of the Medici wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Florentines saw him as a statesman who had protected the city’s peace and independence </li></ul><ul><li>http:// ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  3. 3. De Medici Success <ul><li>Part of Florence’s ruling class since 1291 </li></ul><ul><li>Became very rich after Giovanni di Bicci founded the Florentine branch of the bank </li></ul><ul><li>The Medici bank handled much of the business of the papal court by the time Cosimo and his brother took over in 1420 </li></ul><ul><li>Under Cosimo’s control the family bank grew and prospered and in the 1450s, it had branches or partners throughout Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cosimo the Elder’s Political Influence <ul><li>With his cousin, led the Medici to become’s Florence’s leading political party </li></ul><ul><li>Faced opposition as he gained power and was exiled from Florence in 1433 </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to Florence and was acknowledged as its leading citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated Peace of Lodi in 1454 to end half a century of warfare among several Italian States </li></ul><ul><li>http :// = GVRL&u =onta38245 ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  5. 5. Importance of the de Medici Family <ul><li>Controlled the destiny of the Italian city of Florence from the fifteenth century to the early 1700s </li></ul><ul><li>Financially supported artwork </li></ul><ul><li>Funded many of the buildings, statues, and paintings that made Florence a center of art during the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>GaryLirungan </li></ul>
  6. 6. Involvement in the Church <ul><li>Three Medici men became Popes </li></ul><ul><li>Many Medici children married into the royal Catholic houses of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The Medici could sometimes arrange positions within the church for their supporters </li></ul><ul><li>http:// = GVRL&u =onta38245 ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lorenzo the Magnificent <ul><li>1449-1492 </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo the Elder’s grandson </li></ul><ul><li>In 1469, became head of the family as well as ruler of Florence </li></ul><ul><li>Held on to power despite a rebellion and war with the Pope </li></ul><ul><li>The French invaded Italy a few years after he died and his son gave in to the French, resulting to the fall of the Medici bank in 1494 </li></ul><ul><li>Medici, Lorenzo de' 1449–1492 Florentine Statesman and Author </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cardinal Giovanni de’ Medici <ul><li>1475-1521 </li></ul><ul><li>Became Pope LEO X </li></ul><ul><li>Labored to make the Medici the rulers of Florence just like his cousin, Giulio (1478-1534), who became Pope Clement VII. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// = GVRL&u =onta38245 ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cosimo I de’ Medici <ul><li>1519-1574 </li></ul><ul><li>Rose to power in 1537 </li></ul><ul><li>Proved to be one of the strongest and most independent ruler in Florence’s history </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired new territories and the title of grand duke of Tuscany </li></ul><ul><li>The Medici were placed in a level with many other ruling families of Europe because of the reign of Cosimo I </li></ul><ul><li>http:/ / = GVRL&u =onta38245 ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  10. 10. De Medici Arranged Marriages <ul><li>Used marriage to gain and hold power </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the family wed people to get political and economic alliances with other Florentine families </li></ul><ul><li>The Medici family gained status through marriages with noble families throughout Europe after Lorenzo married into the Roman nobility </li></ul><ul><li>Medici children married into royal houses in the Holy Roman Empire, France, and Spain </li></ul><ul><li>http :// = GVRL&u =onta38245 ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  11. 11. Art Contributions of the de Medcici Family <ul><li>Cosimo I did much to make Florence a center of art and culture </li></ul><ul><li>The Medici collected books, founded libraries, and supported the studies of humanist scholars and philosophers </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest contribution was commissioning works by many big artistic figures of the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>The Medici helped shape the art and cultural life of an era </li></ul><ul><li>htt p:// ; Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3409200293 </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  12. 12. Catherine De Medici <ul><li>Born in Italy on April 13, 1519 </li></ul><ul><li>Father was Lorenzo de Medicimo </li></ul><ul><li>Mother was Madeleine de la Tour d’ Auvergne </li></ul><ul><li>Married to Henri II; King of Florence </li></ul><ul><li>Had ten children </li></ul><ul><li>Died on January 5, 1589 </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine De Medici, The Power Behind the French Throne </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ferdinando I de' Medici <ul><li>1549-1609 </li></ul><ul><li>Reigned as Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1587 to 1609 </li></ul><ul><li>He is celebrated as the benign leader who reestablished Tuscan independence and bolstered artistic production </li></ul><ul><li>In 1589, he married Christina of Lorraine, granddaughter of Catherine de' Medici, queen of France </li></ul><ul><li>Ferdinando I de’ Medici </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  14. 14. Isabella de Medici <ul><li>Daughter of Duke Cosimo I </li></ul><ul><li>Lover of parties </li></ul><ul><li>Had many affairs </li></ul><ul><li>When her father died, her brother, being outraged with her affairs, cut off her inheritance and gave permission to Isabella’s husband to murder her </li></ul><ul><li>Murder of a Medici Princess </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Lirungan </li></ul>
  15. 15. Work Cited <ul><li>Hale, J R. The Medici Family . 1977. London. Web. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Jordan, Tina. &quot;Murder of a Medici Princess.&quot; Entertainment Weekly 11 Apr. 2008: 75. Student Resource Center - Gold . Web. 5 Dec. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Law, John E. &quot;Magnifico: The Brilliant Life and Violent Times of Lorenzo de' Medici.&quot; History Today 59.2 (2009): 64. Student Resource Center - Gold . Web. 6 Dec. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Medici, House of.&quot; Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students . Ed. Paul F. Grendler. Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004. 60-62. Gale Virtual Reference Library . Web. 5 Dec. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>  Saari, Peggy. &quot;Culture And Recreation - Why Was The Medici Family Important To The Renaissance?.&quot; History Fact Finder . Ed. Julie L. Carnagie. UXL-GALE, 2001. . 2006. 6 Dec, 2009 http:// /history-fact-finder/culture-recreation/why-was- medici -family-important-renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Somervill, barbara A. Catherine De Medici, The Power Behind the French Throne . Minneapolis, MN : Compass Point Books, 2006. N. pag. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Young, Carolin C. &quot;Ferdinando I de' Medici: Florence celebrates the artistic patronage of Ferdinando I de' Medici four hundred years after his death with the aim of at last finishing his never-completed Cappella dei Principi (Chapel of the Princes).&quot; The Magazine Antiques Sept. 2009: 28. Student Resource Center - Gold . Web. 5 Dec. 2009. <>. </li></ul>