Revolutions of 1830& 1848 review


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rundown of 1830 & 1848 Revolutions

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  • Great basic info. Loved the follow up quiz at the end.
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Revolutions of 1830& 1848 review

  1. 1. “ When France sneezes all Europe catches a cold” -Klemens von Metternich
  2. 2. What is a revolution?
  3. 3. Revolutions of 1830 & 1848
  4. 5. French Revolution 1830 <ul><li>Buildup: After the Congress of Vienna, France had a constitutional monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Royalists thought the king had too little power </li></ul><ul><li>Liberals and radicals thought the king had too much power </li></ul>
  5. 6. Charles X <ul><li>Charles believed in absolute monarchy, he rejected the constitution and tried to become more powerful </li></ul><ul><li>He suspended the legislature, limited voting rights & restricted the press </li></ul>
  6. 7. Revolution! <ul><li>Charles’ actions led to revolution in the streets </li></ul><ul><li>Charles fled to England </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional monarchy established under Louis Philippe </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class prospered under his reign, most French still could not vote </li></ul>
  7. 8. French Revolution 1848 <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Most French still could not vote </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Philippe’s government was corrupt </li></ul><ul><li>People wanted French Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Recession caused unemployment and rise in bread prices </li></ul>
  8. 10. Revolution! <ul><li>Once again, the French rioted in the streets, order was restored and the government changed (again) </li></ul><ul><li>France became a republic with a constitution </li></ul><ul><li>9 million French could now vote </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Napoleon (Napoleon Bonaparte’s nephew) became president of France </li></ul><ul><li>By 1852 Louis Napoleon declared himself emperor of France </li></ul>
  9. 12. Belgium 1830 <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Congress of Vienna had made Netherlands & Belgium one country </li></ul><ul><li>Belgians were French-speaking Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch were Dutch-speaking protestants </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism : The Belgians wanted their own country </li></ul>
  10. 13. Revolution! <ul><li>Belgians riot in the streets </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium becomes an independent state with a liberal constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Belgians Win! </li></ul>
  11. 15. Poland 1830 <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Poland was divided up between Russia, Austria & Prussia at the Congress of Vienna </li></ul><ul><li>Poles wanted their own country again (Nationalism) </li></ul>
  12. 16. Revolution! <ul><li>Polish students, army officers & landowners revolted </li></ul><ul><li>Russian army puts down the rebellion using brutal force </li></ul><ul><li>Poles lose </li></ul>
  13. 18. Austria 1848 <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian Empire included Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these ethnic groups wanted their own country (Nationalism) </li></ul>
  14. 19. Revolution! <ul><li>Hungarians and Czechs revolt against the Austrian Empire, demanding their own countries </li></ul><ul><li>Revolts put down by Austrian and Russian troops using brutal force </li></ul><ul><li>Hungarians & Czechs lose </li></ul>
  15. 21. Italy 1848 <ul><li>Italians wanted their own country, one that wasn’t controlled by Austria (Nationalism) </li></ul>
  16. 22. Revolution! <ul><li>Italians revolted against Austrians, the Pope, declare their own republics </li></ul><ul><li>Revolt put down by Austrian and French troops using brutal force </li></ul><ul><li>Italians lose </li></ul>
  17. 24. Germany 1848 <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>In the German states (there was no Germany yet) German students and workers wanted reforms and national unity {one country} (Nationalism). </li></ul>
  18. 25. Revolution! <ul><li>Liberals force king to agree to a constitution </li></ul><ul><li>King rejects constitution a year later </li></ul><ul><li>Liberals can’t agree on what type of government Germany should have </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatives attack them </li></ul><ul><li>Germans lose. </li></ul>
  19. 26. 1) Why did the French revolt (in 1830)?
  20. 27. 2) Why did the Italians revolt?
  21. 28. 3) Why did Denmark revolt?
  22. 29. 4) Why did Poland revolt?
  23. 30. 5) Why did the French revolt (in 1848)?
  24. 31. 6) Why did the Germans revolt?
  25. 32. 7) Why was there a revolt in the Austrian Empire?
  26. 33. 8) Which of these Revolutions was successful?