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Doctrine of Fascism


Published on

Dan Contelmo

Published in: News & Politics

Doctrine of Fascism

  1. 2. Mussolini: A Brief History <ul><li>Lived from 1922- 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>His father was a Blacksmith </li></ul><ul><li>As a child Mussolini was restless, disobedient, unruly, and aggressive. He was also intelligent, and he passed his final examinations without difficulty. </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of 19 he moved to Switzerland without a cent to his name. </li></ul><ul><li>He began to gain a reputation as a political journalist and as a public speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time he was arrested several times, by the time he returned to Italy in 1904, even the Roman newspapers were starting to mention him. </li></ul><ul><li>He returned to trade-union work, to journalism, and to extreme politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Shortly before his fifth arrest Mussolini married Rachele Guidi, the youngest daughter of his father mistress. </li></ul>
  2. 3. The Birth of Fascism <ul><li>Mussolini soon began to get involved with socialism, he began his own socialist paper: La Lotta di Classe (the Classic Struggle). In 1912 he became the editor of Avanti! (Forward!). </li></ul><ul><li>He strongly disagreed with Italy entering World War I. </li></ul><ul><li>Swayed by Karl Marx’s aphorism that social revolution usually follows war and other ideas, Mussolini entire political ideals changed. </li></ul><ul><li>He then assumed the editorship of Il Popolo d’Italia (The people of Italy), where he stated his new philosophy: “From today onward we are all Italian and nothing but Italians. Now that steel has met steel, one single cry comes from out hearts –Viva l’Italia [long live Italy!]” And so Fascism was born. </li></ul><ul><li>Mussolini went to fight in World War I and was recognized for his efforts. </li></ul>
  3. 4. The Doctrine of Fascism <ul><li>Published in 1932 and written by Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Basically Mussolini’s written reform of Socialism and the blueprints of Italy’s government and society during Mussolini’s reign. </li></ul><ul><li>Described a very military-based government and explained that Mussolini did not believe in peace, only war. </li></ul><ul><li>Mussolini noticed flaws in his design and attempted to destroy the document… He failed at doing so. </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Fascist Decalogue <ul><li>1. Know that the Fascist and in particular the soldier, must not believe in perpetual peace. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Days of imprisonment are always deserved. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The nation serves even as a sentinel over a can of petrol. </li></ul><ul><li>4. A companion must be a brother, first, because he lives with you, and secondly because he thinks like you. </li></ul><ul><li>5. The rifle and the cartridge belt, and the rest, are confided to you not to rust in leisure, but to be preserved in war. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Do not ever say &quot;The Government will pay . . . &quot; because it is you who pay; and the Government is that which you willed to have, and for which you put on a uniform. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Discipline is the soul of armies; without it there are no soldiers, only confusion and defeat. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Mussolini is always right. </li></ul><ul><li>9. For a volunteer there are no extenuating circumstances when he is disobedient. </li></ul><ul><li>10. One thing must be dear to you above all: the life of the Duce. </li></ul>
  5. 6. The End of Mussolini <ul><li>Led to the Death of Democracy in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Italy joined WWII on the side of Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The US joined the war against Italy in order to support democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Italy switched sides to the Allies when Mussolini died </li></ul>
  6. 7. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources cited in paper. </li></ul>