Cold War - definitionCold War – diplomatic conflict between capitalistic and communistic countries which lasted to the endof World War II, to break the communistic block in 80s and 90s in XX century.
The beginning of Cold War For the beginning of Cold War, the speach of Winston Churchil is taken, which was presented in Fulton on 5 March 1946, in which he attacked the Soviet Union and called on the West Winston Churchilto union against the communism. But before that, on 9 February 1946 Józef Stalin in his speachclaimed that neither communismnor capitalism can exist together. The term of Cold War was used in 1947 by American Bernard Baruch. Józef Stalin
Cold War – the plannes of fight The war between two sides took place on different plannes like: millitary, psychological, ideoligical or industrial.The most important element was the arms race (including space race and developement of space technology ).
The main pointThe main time during the conflict was the 50s when was the first millitary confrontation – Korean War.
Next conflicts In 60s the international situation got worse:• 1961 the building of Berlin Wall,• 1962 Cuban Crisis,• 1965-1973 War in Wietnam,• 1968 the intervention of Warsaw Pact army in Czechoslovakia
The mass weapon restrictionIn 70s, thanks to negotiations connected with mass weapon restriction, the situation between two blocks got better.
The ending of Cold War In 1989 the communisctic governments in Europe started to fall (The Autumn of Nations),in 1990 Germany unified, in 1991 The Soviet Union stopped to exist. Cold War ended.
Polish during Cold War In that time the communistic government tried to cause hate and fear to The United Statesand West European countries using different kind of propaganda. „The USA planes dropped the Colorado potato beetle“
Radio Free Europe Polish officially agreed with communistic propaganda butin secret they listened to Radio Free Europe(created in New York) thanks to which they knew about facts which were hidding.
Life in communistic PolandEveryday life was very difficult: lack of basic products (reglamentation e.g. meat, sugar, flour...), queues in shops, low salary, dullness of life...
Dreams about better life Polish couldnt leave the country without thepermission. Many of them would like to change their lives so they decided to escape.Some of them did not come back to the country after ending their visa term.Some of them escaped because of fear of life or threat of prison.
Ryszard KuklińskiThe symbolic character of that time wasRyszard Jerzy Kukliński (1930-2004). He was the colonel of Peoples Armyof Poland who decided to cooperate with CIA.When he escaped to USA Polish government announced him as a traitor but others called him a hero.
The choice of PopeOne of the most important event in Polish history was the choice Karola Wojtyła as a Pope. Country isolated from years from West achieved the hope of coming back to Europe. Jan Paweł II gave Polish hope and bravery to say communism no.