Universal Declaration of Human Rights


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Kristen Metcalf

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

  1. 1. By: Kristen Metcalf http://themormonworker.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/01declar1.jpg
  2. 2. <ul><li>United Nations Human Rights Commission was formed to draft the Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt-Chairman </li></ul><ul><li>18 members total </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France, China, Lebanon, Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most influential- Rene Cassin (France) </li></ul>Rene Cassin of France (far right) and Eleanor Roosevelt interview http://untreaty.un.org/cod/avl/images/ha/udhr/photo%20gallery/06-large.jpg
  3. 3. <ul><li>Studied Civil Law and International Law in France </li></ul><ul><li>Fought WWI-injured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gained interest in welfare of soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1924-appointed to Delegation to the League of Nations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pushed human rights prior to WWII </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mediator-Different views on what is a human right </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel Peace Prize for document </li></ul>Rene Cassin- Main creator of UDHR http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/collections/lon-un/un_era/cassin/docs/CASPH500.jpg
  4. 4. <ul><li>WWII ended </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rene’s chance to push human rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concentration Camps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans tortured others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atomic Bomb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiped out 200,000 people with 2 bombs </li></ul></ul>Wobbelin work camp in Germany where prisoners were neglected and starved. http://www.trumanlibrary.org/photographs/72-3250.jpg
  5. 5. <ul><li>Also known as UDHR </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind”-Preamble </li></ul><ul><li>First time fundamental human rights-universally protected.  </li></ul><ul><li>December 10 th 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>Preamble with 30 articles </li></ul>Chairman Eleanor Roosevelt holding the document. http://themormonworker.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/94944-004-5fa0aee2.jpg
  6. 6. <ul><li>Article 1- All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. </li></ul><ul><li>Articles 1-10 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a ll are equal and equal treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one should be subject to torture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone has the right to recognition as a person before the law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articles 11 and 12 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>innocent until proved guilty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and everyone is protected against arbitrary interference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articles 13-15 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to a nationality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to travel to other countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reside wherever and still be allowed back into the country of origin </li></ul></ul>http://www.cindyvallar.com/quillpen.jpg
  7. 7. <ul><li>Article 16 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marry anyone no matter nationality, religion or race and both spouses have to agree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Article 17-23 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to freedoms such as speech, peace, take part in government and work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Article 24 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Article 25-30 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone has social responsibilities and duties to keep equality in the nation </li></ul></ul>http:// farm1.static.flickr.com/33/47093936_7116f6215d.jpg
  8. 8. <ul><li>Democracy defined by equality and freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Goal is to create equality </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”- Preamble </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge-What is considered a right for humans in different cultures? </li></ul>http://evatt.labor.net.au/publications/papers/images/democracy.jpg
  9. 9. <ul><li>Pinkert. &quot;Birth of the UDHR: The Adoption of the Universal Declaration of </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights.&quot; Rev. of Universal Declaration of Human </li></ul><ul><li>Rights . Suit101.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li><http://humanrights.suite101.com/article.cfm/adoption_of_the_udhr>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Rene Cassin.&quot; National Coordinating Committee for UDHR . N.p., 9 July 1998. Web. 15 Oct. </li></ul><ul><li>2009. <http://www.udhr.org/history/Biographies/biorc.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.&quot; atomicarchive.com . National Science </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Library, 2008. Web. 15 Oct. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/MED/med_chp10.shtml>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Universal Declaration of Human Rights.&quot; Official UN Universal Declaration of </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights . Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2009. Web. 15 Oct. </li></ul><ul><li>2009. <http://www.ohchr.org/EN/UDHR/pages/Introduction.aspx>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Universal Declaration of Human Rights.&quot; UN . N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Oct. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Wobbelin Concentration Camp.&quot; Invision Power Service . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Oct. 2009. <http//:www.strikehold504th.com/jim/wobbelin504.jpg>. </li></ul>