Portuguese colonial empire Lucie Pultrová, Michala Kropáčková
An anachronous map of the  Portuguese Empire  (1415-1999).  Red - actual possessions Olive – explorations   Orange - areas...
Beginning <ul><li>Portuguese colonial empire was the first global empire in history. Portuguese’s navy began in 14th centu...
Beginning <ul><li>Reasons for intensive maritime exploration : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian religion </li></ul></ul><ul...
Some really important dates <ul><li>15th country - The first chief of portuguese navy, Henry the Navigator, reached the we...
Treaty of Tordesillas <ul><li>1494 – It spoke about dividing the World on    Spanish part and Portuguese part </li></ul>
  Treaty of Tordesillas 1494  Spanish part Portuguese part
Treaty of Zaragoza 1529 <ul><li>„ Capitulation of Zaragoza“ </li></ul><ul><li>22. April 1529 – It was a peace treaty betwe...
  Treaty of Zaragoza 1529    Portuguese part  Spanish part
Treaties <ul><li>These treaties gave Portugal: Africa, south  Am er ica and Asia . Spain had the New  World </li></ul>
Boom of Empire <ul><li>Vasco da Gama (1498) –  the commander of the first ships to sail directly from  Europe to India. He...
Brazil <ul><li>1500 – Pedro Álvares Cabral – the first man who landed on the Brazilian coast. He established first tempora...
Battle <ul><li>1509 – Portuguese won the sea battle of Diu against Ottoman Sultan Beyazid II, Sultan of Gujarad,  Mamlûk S...
North America <ul><li>Manuel I. wanted to discover North America, so João Fernandes „Lavrador“ made landfall on Labrador p...
Second battle <ul><li>Portuguese conquered French colony France Antarctique. At this place they built  Rio de Janeiro (156...
War <ul><li>Their disputes brought a war.  </li></ul><ul><li>Dutchmen conquered north of Brazil with important port Recife...
Wealth Brazil <ul><li>Brazil was the richest Portuguese colony. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil trade: sugar cane, coffee and rar...
Wealth Brazil <ul><li>1693 – was founded Brazilian gold in Minas Gerais and Portugal became the biggest exporter of gold i...
 
Disintegration of the empire <ul><li>After the World War II Portugal wanted to destroy the efforts for independent. </li><...
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Portugal history

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Portuguese colonial empire

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Portugal history

  1. 1. Portuguese colonial empire Lucie Pultrová, Michala Kropáčková
  2. 2. An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). Red - actual possessions Olive – explorations Orange - areas of influence and trade Pink – claims of sovereignty Green - trading posts Blue - main sea explorations, routes and areas of influence.
  3. 3. Beginning <ul><li>Portuguese colonial empire was the first global empire in history. Portuguese’s navy began in 14th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry the Navigator was responsible for the early development of European exploration and maritime trade with other continents . </li></ul><ul><li>Colonizations started in 15th century. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1415 P ortug al got a port Ceuta because this city was very rich in this period. But in 1437 they had to draw back because of their fault. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Beginning <ul><li>Reasons for intensive maritime exploration : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N ew way to India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T rade </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Some really important dates <ul><li>15th country - The first chief of portuguese navy, Henry the Navigator, reached the westernmost point of Africa and he named it 'Cap-Vert' because of local landscape. </li></ul><ul><li>1488 - captain Bartolomeo Diaz reached the southernmost point of Africa and he named it 'Cape of Storms' - today we know this territory as 'Cape of Good Hope’ - way to Indian Ocean was unlocked </li></ul><ul><li>( 1492 – Christopher Columbus found New World ) </li></ul><ul><li>1494 – It was created Treaty of Tordesillas </li></ul><ul><li>1529 – It was created Treaty of Zaragoza </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treaty of Tordesillas <ul><li>1494 – It spoke about dividing the World on Spanish part and Portuguese part </li></ul>
  7. 7. Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 Spanish part Portuguese part
  8. 8. Treaty of Zaragoza 1529 <ul><li>„ Capitulation of Zaragoza“ </li></ul><ul><li>22. April 1529 – It was a peace treaty between Spain and Portugal by King John III and Emperor Charles V signed in the city of Zaragoza </li></ul><ul><li>It was treaty about dividing the world into two exploration and colonizing areas in the east hemisphere </li></ul>
  9. 9. Treaty of Zaragoza 1529 Portuguese part Spanish part
  10. 10. Treaties <ul><li>These treaties gave Portugal: Africa, south Am er ica and Asia . Spain had the New World </li></ul>
  11. 11. Boom of Empire <ul><li>Vasco da Gama (1498) – the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. He established first Portuguese ports. Portugal became a centre of Oriental trade. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brazil <ul><li>1500 – Pedro Álvares Cabral – the first man who landed on the Brazilian coast. He established first temporary hamlets. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Battle <ul><li>1509 – Portuguese won the sea battle of Diu against Ottoman Sultan Beyazid II, Sultan of Gujarad, Mamlûk Sultan of Cairo , Zamorin of Kozhikode, Venetian Republic, and Ragusan Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Second battle of Diu won Portugal – the Turks and Egyptians had to leave India. From that moment India belonged to Portugal. </li></ul>
  14. 14. North America <ul><li>Manuel I. wanted to discover North America, so João Fernandes „Lavrador“ made landfall on Labrador peninsula and named it after himself – Labrador peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>Brothers Miguel and Gaspar Corte-Real discovered Newfoundland and adjacent islands. </li></ul><ul><li>Only fishermen stayed there – In North America, Portugal trade was only with Africa and Asia. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Second battle <ul><li>Portuguese conquered French colony France Antarctique. At this place they built Rio de Janeiro (1565). </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese breached Treaty of Tordesillas and expanded on west. They conquered next French colony – France Équinoxiale. </li></ul><ul><li>So, not only Spain wanted to destroy Portugal, also the Netherlands. </li></ul>
  16. 16. War <ul><li>Their disputes brought a war. </li></ul><ul><li>Dutchmen conquered north of Brazil with important port Recife. Portuguese got it back, but Dutchmen still had Cejlon, Indonesia and trade with Japan. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Wealth Brazil <ul><li>Brazil was the richest Portuguese colony. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil trade: sugar cane, coffee and rare wood. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil got new territory, because Portugal made new treaty with Spain – Treaty of Madrid. Portugal got Amazon and Mato Grosso. There were new slaves and precious metal. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Wealth Brazil <ul><li>1693 – was founded Brazilian gold in Minas Gerais and Portugal became the biggest exporter of gold in the world </li></ul><ul><li>1808 – Napoleon Bonaparte moved royal court to Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>1815 – Brazil is a kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>1822 – Independence of Brazil and Pedro I. Brazilian is an Brazilian emperor. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Disintegration of the empire <ul><li>After the World War II Portugal wanted to destroy the efforts for independent. </li></ul><ul><li>India attacked Dadra a Nagar Haveli, Daman , Diu a nd Goa </li></ul><ul><li>Carnation Revolution brought democracy and freedom for overseas territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies declared independence </li></ul><ul><li>China got Macao. It´s the end of Portuguese colonial empire. </li></ul>

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