Led by King Henry I<br />15th and 16th centuries maritime exploration<br />Portugal established global empire<br />Including parts of Africa, Asia, and south America<br />Became major world economic, political, and military power.<br />
After Martim Afonso de Sousa conquered Goa on the West Coast of India and Malacca, Portugal became the first to start Globalization<br />1501 Pedro Alvares Cabral used the Asiatic mainland for the first trading stations at Cochin and Calicut <br />Duarte Fernandes was sent to Siam which is now Thailand which founded Malay Archipelago a Portuguese dominion.<br />They made a base on the island of Ambom (spice islands)<br />
Once the Dutch, English, and French started in the spice and slave trade the Portuguese economy took a downturn <br />Left Portugal with few resources to defend its militaries overseas interests.<br />MILITARY DECLINE:<br />the battle of Alcaer Quibir in Morocco in 1578<br />Spain’s attempt to conquer England 1588<br />Portugal was then a “dynastic union” with Spain. And sent ships to the Spanish invasion fleet<br />
<ul><li>Officially Portugal was in control of itself although it was still under the control of the Spanish monarchy from 1580 to 1640 when Spanish king Philip I took over after King Henry I died.
The Prior of Crato who was rightfully to have the throne held out in the Azores until he died in 1595
Then in 1640 Henry IV was crowed king and Spain tried to gain control again for 28 years</li>