Section 1: Spain Claims and Empire*In the 1400s, Italian and Arab merchantsdominated trade with Asia*Other Europeans wanted the wealth fromAsia so they began looking for a sea route*Sailors relied on navigators to plan thecourse for their ships using maps andnautical instruments
*YOUR EXPLORER NOTES!!!*In 1493, Pope Alexander VI drew animaginary line around the world called theLine of Demarcation to decide who wouldcontrol the new lands that were beingdiscovered.*Portugal could claim all non-Christianlands to the east of the line and Spain couldclaim the non-Christian land to the west.*Portugal’s King John II thought the linefavored Spain. He demanded that Spainmeet with him and change the pope’sdecision.
*In June 1494, the two countries agreed tothe Treaty of Tordesillas*The treaty moved the Line of Demarcationmore than 800 miles farther west.*This agreement led to more Spanish andPortugal exploration.*Spanish explorers were able to conquerthe Aztec and Incas because of thefollowing: ~Spanish made alliances with Aztec and Incan enemies ~spread of European diseases killing millions of Native Americans ~Spanish were brutal towards the Native Americans under their control
*Spain conquered the major NativeAmerican Empires in Central and SouthAmerica