Who vs whom

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A brief look at how to tell the difference when using "whom" and "who"

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Who vs whom

  1. 1. “ Who” Vs. “Whom”
  2. 2. Some helpful hints <ul><li>First, “who” or “whom” will usually be in a subordinate clause. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nominative and Objective Case Third person Him or Her = “ Whom” Third person He, She, They = “ Who” Objective Case Nominative Case
  4. 4. <ul><li>First, identify the subordinate clause. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The coach will help anyone (who, whom) tries hard. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(who, whom) tries hard. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Second, substitute a nominative case pronoun for such as “he”, “she”, or “they” for WHO </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Substitute an objective case pronoun such as “him”, “her”, or “Them” for WHOM </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Would you say, </li></ul><ul><li>“ He tries hard. “ ( who) </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>“ Him tries hard” (whom) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Susan B. Anthony, about (who, whom) Sam reported, championed women’s right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>First, where is the subordinate clause? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>about (who, whom) Sam reported. </li></ul><ul><li>Sam reported about him. (whom) </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Sam reported about he. </li></ul><ul><li>(who) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Mrs. James, (who, whom) I work for, owns a pet shop. </li></ul><ul><li>I work for him. (Whom) </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>I work for he. (Who) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Is there anyone here </li></ul><ul><li>(who, whom) needs a bus pass? </li></ul><ul><li>He needs a bus pass. </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>Him needs a bus pass. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Both of the women </li></ul><ul><li>(who, whom) ran for seats on the city council were elected. </li></ul><ul><li>- He ran for a seat on the city council. </li></ul><ul><li>Him ran for a seat on the city council. </li></ul>

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