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2 Main Uses of Apostrophes: <ul><li>To form a contraction: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>don ’ t can ’ t wouldn ’ t </li></ul>...
Main Use #1:  Contraction <ul><li>In a contraction, two words are combined into one shorter form.  </li></ul><ul><li>you +...
Think of a  contraction  as the result of two words having a head-on collision. During the collision, one or more letters ...
When the words collide, the  o  is ejected. donot
The apostrophe goes to mark where the letter  o  has been don ’ t
Common Contractions: <ul><li>aren’t = are not </li></ul><ul><li>can’t  = can not </li></ul><ul><li>didn’t = did not </li><...
Main Use #2:  Possession <ul><li>Possessives  are words used to show ownership or belonging. Like contractions, they’re al...
<ul><li>Notice that the apostrophe in possessive words does NOT stand for an omitted letter  like it does in contractions....
2 rules for adding an apostrophe to form a possessive <ul><li>If a word ends in –s already, add only the apostrophe: </li>...
<ul><li>ALERT: </li></ul>Some words are possessive without the apostrophe. These words are the  possessive pronouns : my, ...
<ul><li>3 Other Uses for the Apostrophe </li></ul><ul><li>1) Used to indicate numbers that have been omitted.   </li></ul>...
Test Your Understanding by Completing the Directed Learning Activity TIP : You may want to refer to this PowerPoint again ...
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Apostrophe

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Uses of Apostrophe

Apostrophe

  1. 2. 2 Main Uses of Apostrophes: <ul><li>To form a contraction: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>don ’ t can ’ t wouldn ’ t </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>To show possession </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John ’ s car the boy ’ s bike </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the workers ’ contract </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 3. Main Use #1: Contraction <ul><li>In a contraction, two words are combined into one shorter form. </li></ul><ul><li>you + are you ’ re </li></ul><ul><li>The apostrophe almost always marks where a letter or letters have been taken out to form the new word. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Think of a contraction as the result of two words having a head-on collision. During the collision, one or more letters get lost. Look how the words do and not are joined to create don’t . do + not
  4. 5. When the words collide, the o is ejected. donot
  5. 6. The apostrophe goes to mark where the letter o has been don ’ t
  6. 7. Common Contractions: <ul><li>aren’t = are not </li></ul><ul><li>can’t = can not </li></ul><ul><li>didn’t = did not </li></ul><ul><li>he’s = he is </li></ul><ul><li>I’d = I would, I had </li></ul><ul><li>it’s = it is </li></ul><ul><li>let’s = let us </li></ul><ul><li>she’ll = she will </li></ul><ul><li>we’ve = we have </li></ul><ul><li>would’ve = would have </li></ul><ul><li>you’re = you are </li></ul>NOTE: The only contraction that doesn’t follow this rule is won’t , which means will not .
  7. 8. Main Use #2: Possession <ul><li>Possessives are words used to show ownership or belonging. Like contractions, they’re also formed with the apostrophe. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Professor Walker’s laptop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the laptop belongs to Professor Walker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor Walker owns the laptop. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Notice that the apostrophe in possessive words does NOT stand for an omitted letter like it does in contractions. __________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>contraction: don’t (missing o ) </li></ul><ul><li>possessive: dog’s tail (no missing letter, the tail belongs to the dog) </li></ul>
  9. 10. 2 rules for adding an apostrophe to form a possessive <ul><li>If a word ends in –s already, add only the apostrophe: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The students ’ backpacks were stolen from the classroom during the break. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If the word does not end in –s, add ’ s : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The instructor ’ s parking permit was stolen. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>ALERT: </li></ul>Some words are possessive without the apostrophe. These words are the possessive pronouns : my, mine its his her, hers your, yours our, ours their, theirs whose Tip: Be careful not to confuse it’s and its . it’s = it is
  11. 12. <ul><li>3 Other Uses for the Apostrophe </li></ul><ul><li>1) Used to indicate numbers that have been omitted. </li></ul><ul><li>1995 ‘ 95 </li></ul><ul><li>2) Used to show missing letters in slang or informal speech </li></ul><ul><li> going goin ’ </li></ul><ul><li>3) Can be used to form the plural of some numbers or letters to prevent misreading.   </li></ul><ul><li> A ’ s 0 ’ s (plural of zero) 1950s ( NO apostrophe ) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Test Your Understanding by Completing the Directed Learning Activity TIP : You may want to refer to this PowerPoint again while you’re completing the activity.

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