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VR and AR in Logistics: VDC-Whitepaper

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Overview of possible applications and benefits of virtual reality and augmented reality applications in logistics, created by the Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) in Fellbach.

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VR and AR in Logistics: VDC-Whitepaper

  1. 1. © Competence Centre for Virtual Reality and Cooperative Engineering w. V. – Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Kfm. Christoph Runde Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Fellbach Auberlenstr. 13 70736 Fellbach www.vdc-fellbach.de Whitepaper VR and AR in Logistics Areas of application – Techniques - Benefits
  2. 2. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Planning o Integration conveyor technology, Layout, architecture o Planning order picking systems and procedures  Training o Order picking procedures o Systems engineering  Commissioning o Training beforehand o Conveyor technology o Hardware-in-the-Loop Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality in Logistics - Applications  Process support Order picking (Pick-by-Vision)  Visual Analytics o Logistics systems (e.g. cube analysis) o Layout & flow orientation
  3. 3. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Integration layout, architecture  Integration layout, architecture  Integrative overall model of building (technology), equipment, logistics areas, transport routes  Virtual walkthroughs  Group visits  Planning air, light, sound reinforcement in simulation models possible Logistics planning with VR, AR Source: TU München Source: TU München Planning
  4. 4. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Integration conveyor technology  Scheduling and digital test of geometric-functional models of conveyor technology  Consideration of material flow simulation systems for flowcharts (for dimensioning buffers, warehouses, surfaces in advance) Logistics planning with VR, AR Source: Fraunhofer IPA Source: Fraunhofer IPA Planning
  5. 5. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Planning tool: factory planning desk  Simultaneous 2D layout (desk) and 3D perspective (wall)  Cooperative & simple Logistics planning with VR, AR Source: Fraunhofer IPA Source: Fraunhofer IPASource: Fraunhofer IPA Planning
  6. 6. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Checking the flow orientation of the layout  Flows of goods laid over the layout Logistics planning with VR, AR Planning
  7. 7. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Rescheduling  New warehouses  New conveyor technology  New products with old conveyor technology  One of the questions: absence of collisions? Four possibilities:  Very good documentation of all installations and modifications  Mock-ups, phys. space models  Laser scans Logistics planning with VR, AR Laser scan (Source: ScanTec3D) Planning
  8. 8. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Rescheduling  Possibility 4: Augmented Reality  Planning new trades into existing structures  Animation  Viewing along the interfering edges: check for collision Logistics planning with VR, AR Source: TU München Source: Volkswagen Planning
  9. 9. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Rescheduling - Augmented Reality  Geometric measuring function possible Logistics planning with VR, AR Source: Volkswagen Planning
  10. 10. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Augmented Reality – planning and evaluation of workplaces  Ergonomics  Reachability analyses  Planning and evaluation of procedures  View/ work analyses Logistics planning with VR, AR Source: Volkswagen Source: TU München Planning
  11. 11. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Planning and evaluation of routes and procedures  Consideration of routes/ distances  Consideration of removal and storage  Consideration of IT operation Logistics planning with VR, AR Source: TU München Planning
  12. 12. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Pre-presentation of the facilities  Pre-presentation of the operation  Pre-presentation of repair/ maintenance/ service  Pre-inspection of operation, workflows Training with VR, AR Source: TU München Source: Fraunhofer IPA Training
  13. 13. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Advantages  Realistic illustration of complex overall systems  Intuitive, interactive and psychologically high involvement of the person that is trained  good transfer  Thereby reduction of training time  Training without interrupting the real system  Training and analysis of not yet existing processes  Presentation of dangerous situations Problems  Data preparation  Investment costs in VR systems  Benefits difficult to quantify  Accustoming time Training with VR, AR Source: TU München Training
  14. 14. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Building an integral overall model of factory building model and conveyor technology  Animation and collision check  Real control to digital model: Hardware-in-the-Loop  Placement of sensors and actuators  Test control and sensors  Export control code Commissioning with VR, AR Source: Fraunhofer IPA Source: tarakos Commissioning
  15. 15. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Interactive instruction:  Maintenance  Repair Process support with VR, AR Source: Fraunhofer IPA Process support
  16. 16. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Virtual Reality monitoring  For logistics planning  E.g. with tablet PC  Illustration of stocks, ranges, storage periods Process support with VR, AR Source: Bracht, U.: Digitale Fabrik – Stand und weitere Entwicklungen. In: Personaleinsatz, Simulation und Digitale Fabrik. BGHM, Mainz, 27.5.2011 Process support
  17. 17. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Pick-by-Vision  In-situ support with Augmented Reality order picking  Fade-in of instructions, article information, order information, direction and location of items to select Process support with VR, AR Source: TU München Source: TU München Process support
  18. 18. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Pick-by-Vision: Illustrations in display Process support with VR, AR Source: TU München Process support
  19. 19. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Visual Analytics as an interdisciplinary topic combines data mining and information visualization  How can you visualize very large and multidimensional data sets and make them interactively usable for the user?  Focus: interactive visualization and an intelligent reduction of complexity Visual Analytics Visual Analytics
  20. 20. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Visual Analytics tries to support the human cognition in six ways: 1. Expanding cognitive resources: graphical storage complements human memory 2. Reduction of search by displaying a lot of information in a small space 3. Support the formation of patterns (e.g. transformation time  space) 4. Support for easy recognition of relations, which are difficult to establish otherwise 5. By supervising the perception of a large number of possible events 6. Flexible presentation medium, which allows the exploration of a changing parameter space Visual Analytics Visual Analytics
  21. 21. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Example cube analysis:  Axis ABC: articles by sales  Axis XYZ: articles by regularity of retrieval (XYZ-analysis for material requirements planning, warehouse planning, calculation)  Temporal component (e.g. turnover rate, throughput time, replenishment time) Visual Analytics - Logistics yellow: just-in-time Visual Analytics
  22. 22. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning Cube analysis:  Use of the three axes as spatial axes  Large projection  Detection of agglomerations, patterns, outliers  Assignment of articles and groups Visual Analytics - Logistics Source: Fraunhofer IPA Source: Fraunhofer IPA Visual Analytics
  23. 23. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning  Mapping on factory layout  Representation of material flows  Setting in relation to operating materials  Verification o Flow orientation of manufacturing o Considering further criteria such as value, regularity, throughput time Visual Analytics - Logistics Source: Fraunhofer IPA Source: Fraunhofer IPA Visual Analytics
  24. 24. xxx: xxx Training Mission Process support Visual AnalyticsTOP 2Planning Commissioning 1. Bernhard, Jochen; Wenzel, Sigrid; - Eine Taxonomie für Visualisierungsverfahren zur Anwendung in der Simulation in Produktion und Logistik in: Schulze, T.; Schlechtweg, S.; Hinz, V. (Hrsg.): Proceedings zur Tagung "Simulation und Visualisierung 2004", 4.-5. März 2004 Verlag: SCS , Erlangen 2004 S.85-96 2. Dangelmaier, W.; Mueck, B.; Franke, W.: Mixed Reality in Lagerprozessen. In: Gausemeier, Jürgen; Grafe, Michael (Hrsg.): Augumented & Virtual Reality in der Produktentstehung. Paderborn: Heinz Nixdorf Institut, Universität Paderborn, 2005 (HNI-Verlagsschriftenreihe), S. 133-144 3. Flaig, T.; Grefen, K.; Neuber, D.: Interactive Graphical Planning and Design of Spacious Logistic Environments. In: Bergamasco, M.; -ESPRIT-, Working Group 9122 (Hrsg.): Advances, Applications and Impact of Immersive Virtual Environments. Pisa/Italien, 1996, S. 10-17 4. Flaig, T.; Grefen, K.: Integrative Factory and Logistics Planning with Virtual Reality. In: Roller, D.: Simulation, Virtual Reality and Supercomputing Automotive Applications. Croydon/UK: ISATA, 1998, S. 201-210 5. Flaig, T.; Grefen, K.: Toolset for Integrative Factory and Logistics Planning. In: Baake, U.; Zobel, R.; Society for Computer Simulation International SCS (Hrsg): Concurrent Engineering. The Way Forward. European Concurrent Engineering Conference (ECEC), 26.-29. April 1998, Erlangen. Gent/Belgien: SCS Europe, 1998, S. 288-292 6. Mueck, B.; Höwer, M.; Franke, W.; Dangelmaier, W.: Augmented Reality applications for Warehouse Logistics. In: Abraham, A. u.a. (Hrsg.): Advances in Soft Computing. Soft Computing as Transdisciplinary Sience and Technology - Proceedings of the fourth IEEE International Workshop WSTST'05, 25.-27. Mai 2005, Muroran/Japan. Berlin u.a.: Springer, 2005, S. 1053-1062 7. Reif, R.; Günthner, W. A.: Untersuchungen zu Datenbrillen bei Kommissioniertätigkeiten. In: GfA (Hrsg.): Arbeit, Beschäftigungsfähigkeit und Produktivität im 21. Jahrhundert. Dortmund: GfA-Press, 2009. 8. Reif, R.; Günthner, W.A.; Schwerdtfeger, B.; Klinker, G.:Pick-by-Vision comes on Age: Evaluation of an Augmented Reality supported Picking System in a real Storage Environment.Tagungsband Afrigraph 2009, 04.-06.02.2009, Pretoria, Südafrika. 9. Reif, R.; Günthner, W. A.:Pick-by-Vision: An Augmented Reality supported Picking System. Tagungsband zur WSCG 2009, 02.-05.02.2009, Pilsen, Tschechien. 10. Reif, R.; Günthner, W. A.: Pick-by-Vision auf dem Weg in die Praxis. Logistik für Unternehmen 11/12-2008, S. 62-65 11. Reif, R.; Walch, D.; Günthner, W. A.:Evaluierung eines Augmented Reality unterstützten Kommissioniersystems. In: Schenk, M. (Hrsg.): "Virtual Reality und Augmented Reality zum Planen, Testen und Betreiben technischer Systeme" VR und AR – Automotive. Magdeburg: Fraunhofer IFF, 2008, S. 251-260 12. Reif, R.; Walch, D.: Augmented & Virtual Reality Applications in the Field of Logistics. Tagungsband der 4. Intuition International Conference and Workshop, 04.-05.10.2007, Athen, Griechenland, S. 61-69 13. Reif, R.; Walch, D.; Wulz, J.: Einsatz von Virtual und Augmented Reality: Studie zur menschorientierten Simulation und Prozessunterstützung im logistischen Umfeld. Studie aus dem Bayerischen Forschungsverbund Supra-adaptive Logistiksysteme (ForLog), August 2007 14. Schraft, R.D.; Neugebauer, J.-G.; Grefen, K.: Factory and Logistics Planning with Virtual Reality. In: Ahmad, M.M.; Sullivan, W.G. (Hrsg.) ; European Process Industries Competitiveness Centre, Middlesbrough: Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing. Proceedings of the Seventh International FAIM Conference. 25.-27 Juni 1997, Middesbrough/UK. Wallingford/UK: Begell House, 1997, S. 958-968 15. Schwerdtfeger, B.; Reif, R.; Frimor, T.; Klinker, G.: Neue Techniken zur Informationsbereitstellung in der Kommissionierung. In: Günthner, W. A.. (Hrsg.): Neue Wege in der Automobillogistik. Berlin: Springer, 2007, S. 487-500 16. VDI-Gesellschaft Produktionstechnik; VDI-Gesellschaft Fördertechnik Materialfluss Logistik: Internet, E-supply Chain Management und Virtual Reality. Hochwirksame Erfolgsfaktoren effizienter Produktionslogistik. Düsseldorf: VDI-Verlag, 2001 (VDI-Berichte 1649) Literature VR/AR in Logistics
  25. 25. © Competence Centre for Virtual Reality and Cooperative Engineering w. V. – Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Thank you very much for your interest! You are interested in this topic and you are looking for contact persons/ implementation partners? Please contact us. Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Fellbach Auberlenstraße 13 70736 Fellbach www.vdc-fellbach.de

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