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Colonialism & Neocolonialism

Presentation for a series of lectures on Colonialism prepared for PS 212 Culture and Politics of the Third World at the University of Kentucky, Summer 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

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Colonialism & Neocolonialism

  1. 1. Colonialism & Neocolonialism Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 4. “ The act is virtuous, the exercise invigorating, and the result often extremely profitable.” Winston Churchill
  3. 5. White Man’s Burden
  4. 7. “ Take up the White Man’s burden - Send out the best ye breed - Go bind your sons to exile, To serve your captives’ need; To wait in heavy harness, on fluttered folk and wild - Your new-caught sullen peoples, Half devil and half child” Rudyard Kipling, “White Man’s Burden”
  5. 8. Non-Western Perspective
  6. 9. Imperialism as a progressive force?
  7. 11. The “C-word”
  8. 12. “ The Americans were on the side of the colonialist - the American generals are not very good students of history. Dien Bien Phu paved the way for us to defeat not only the French but later the Americans and now to defend our country against the Chinese.” Vo Nguyen Giap, Vietnamese general
  9. 13. “ Dien Bien Phu was the bell that tolled the twilight of colonialism.” Vo Nguyen Giap, Vietnamese general
  10. 14. So, what IS colonialism?
  11. 15. Colonialism A relationship in which a group of people in one country is subject to the authority of the people of another country.
  12. 16. Neocolonialism The process by which rich, powerful, developed states use economic, political or other informal means to exert pressure on poor, less-powerful underdeveloped states.
  13. 17. Dependent community can be made up of: <ul><li>Indigenous people </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of the two </li></ul>
  14. 19. Imperialism The act of acquiring or holding colonies or dependencies.
  15. 20. Problems with these definitions: <ul><li>Eurocentric </li></ul><ul><li>State-Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent or Dominated?: apolitical, “neutral” terminology </li></ul>
  16. 21. “ The developed nations have discovered for themselves a new mission - to help the Third World advance along the road to development…which is nothing more than the road on which the West has guided the rest of humanity for several centuries.” Francois Partant (1982) French development economist
  17. 22. “ Development is just a new word for what the Marxists called imperialism and what we can loosely refer to as colonialism - a more familiar and less loaded term.” Edward Goldsmith
  18. 23. Domination (cc) 2006 Flickr user Señor Codo
  19. 24. “ We must find new lands from which we can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit the cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies. The colonies would also provide a dumping ground for the surplus goods produced in our factories.” Cecil Rhodes English businessman and colonialist
  20. 25. Colonialism At once the process and condition of political, economic, social, technological, environmental domination, direct or indirect, of one culture (generally, the non-Western world) by another (generally, the Western world).
  21. 26. Global Expansion 1492-1776
  22. 27. Guns, Germs and Crosses
  23. 29. Chartered Trading Companies Economic institutions given power to establish order and rule in order to create profitable commercial relations.
  24. 30. British Dominance 1776-1870
  25. 31. BUY LOCAL!
  26. 32. The “New” Imperialism 1870-1914
  27. 33. Berlin Conference of 1885
  28. 34. Growth of U.S. Imperialism <ul><li>Chinese “Open Door” Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican War of 1845 </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish-American War (1898) </li></ul><ul><li>Annexation of Sandwich Islands (Hawai’I) - 1898 </li></ul>
  29. 35. Aspects of Imperialism Culture Economy
  30. 36. Language
  31. 37. HEGEMONY
  32. 38. Christianity Siege engine of the colonizers? Source: southafricamission.com
  33. 40. Capitalism vs. Traditional (Peasant) Economies
  34. 41. Structuralist School
  35. 42. Neocolonialism The process by which Multinational and Transnational Corporations, with or without the aid of rich & powerful Western states and/or super-governmental organizations, use direct or indirect means to dominate non-Western states, societies and/or cultures politically, socially, economically, technologically, and culturally
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Presentation for a series of lectures on Colonialism prepared for PS 212 Culture and Politics of the Third World at the University of Kentucky, Summer 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

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