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World System Theory

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Presentation on World System Theory for PS 212 Culture and Politics in the Third World at the University of Kentucky, Summer 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

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World System Theory

  1. 1. World System Theory Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 3. Why World System Theory? East Asian Growth Crisis of Socialist States Crisis in U.S. Capitalism
  3. 4. Neo-Marxism + Annales School
  4. 6. Braudel’s Mediterranean “not content to stop at the shores of the ‘inland sea’…starts in the mountains and extends not only to the hot deserts of Africa but to the cold deserts of China, half a world away; and westwards it extends to Mexico and Lima, to Acapulco and Manila, and back to China.” Immanuel Wallerstein
  5. 7. la longue duree
  6. 8. ??????????
  7. 9. Society vs Historical System
  8. 10. Three Forms of Historical Systems <ul><li>Mini-Systems </li></ul><ul><li>World Empires </li></ul><ul><li>World Economies </li></ul>
  9. 11. CORE PERIPHERY
  10. 12. CORE PERIPHERY SEMI-PERIPHERY
  11. 13. CORE PERIPHERY SEMI-PERIPHERY
  12. 14. Seizing the Chance
  13. 15. Semi-Peripheral Development by Invitation
  14. 16. Semi-Peripheral Development through Self-Reliance
  15. 17. CORE PERIPHERY SEMI-PERIPHERY
  16. 18. How to enlarge market for national products: <ul><li>Expanding its political boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the costs of imported goods </li></ul><ul><li>Lowering the costs of production </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the internal level of purchasing power </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulate the tastes of consumers </li></ul>
  17. 19. England’s Low-Wage Route
  18. 20. “ A combination of a rural textile industry (thus free from the high guild-protection wage costs of traditional centers of textile production, such as Flanders, Southern Germany, and Northern Italy), with a process of agricultural improvement of arable land in medium-sized units (thus simultaneously providing a yeoman class of purchasers and an evicted class of vagrants and migrants who provided much of the labor for the textile industry), plus a deliberate decision to push for the new market of low-cost textiles (the “new draperies”) to be sold to the middle stratum of artisans, less wealthy burghers, and richer peasants who had flourished in the expanding cycle of the European world economy.” Immanuel Wallerstein (1979)
  19. 21. High-Wage Route (United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand)

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