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Thinking 
Politically 
Dr. Christopher S. Rice 
Image (cc) 2005 Flickr user tsmyther
“Individuals engage in political 
thinking when they seek to 
determine which political ideas 
offer more promise, which p...
Human Nature 
(cc) 2008 Flickr user Alper https://flic.kr/p/5tXxze
(cc) 2007 Flickr user Gaetan Lee 
The Common Good 
(cc) 2006 Flickr user JoseJose 
(cc) 2006 Flickr user wallyg 
(cc) 2007...
Public vs. Private 
(cc) 2007 Flickr user law_keven (cc) 2006 Flickr user RobW_
RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS
Positive + 
Negative 
Freedom 
(cc) 2005 Flickr user PakyuZ
Political Thinking means 
TESTING 
Political Ideas 
(cc) 2007 Flickr user *maya*
Types of Political Theory
Empirical Theory 
Describes, explains and 
evaluates human life as it is 
lived in community with 
others, and predicts fu...
Normative Theory 
Advocates (and criticizes) 
certain ideals and values 
about how humans ought to 
live in community with...
IS 
vs. 
OUGHT TO BE
Evaluative Theory 
Theories which connect and 
provide feedback between 
empirical and normative 
theories.
what IS 
ideology?
“Ideology” is the 
most elusive concept 
in the whole of social 
science. 
~ David McLellan
“Study of” Ideas
Ideology tends to be used 
pejoratively 
(cc) 2008 Flickr user Paul Denton Cocker
Criticisms of ideologies 
(Robert Putnam, APSR 65, Sept. 1971)
They provide ideas reflecting 
people’s private interests rather 
than more universal, public 
interests. More specificall...
They oversimplify and thus 
distort reality.
They conceal the way the 
sociopolitical world really works, 
camouflaging who most gains 
and who most loses from 
partic...
They are mere rationalizations to 
justify programs that people hope 
will work, even when there is a lack 
of evidence to...
They induce people to sacrifice the 
present for unachievable utopian 
goals.
They promote closed and rigid 
thinking that is resistant to new 
information.
They are based more on emotion 
than reason.
They are based on paranoia, or 
irrational fears about the motivations 
and powers of some “evil” opponents, 
leading to (...
They assert a moral and political 
absolutism, dogmatically 
insisting on certain principles 
and behaviors and demanding ...
They are extremist in that they 
reject the established political, 
social and economic institutions 
and the stable benef...
Ideology is a contested term 
(cc) 2007 Flickr user JPhiipson
Ideology 
A relatively coherent set of empirical 
and normative beliefs and thought, 
focusing on the problems of human 
n...
How do we analyze 
Ideologies?
“The left/right continuum…is itself 
ideological. It serves the purpose of 
bestowing a moderate or, respectively, 
radica...
AUTHORITY 
LEFT RIGHT 
LIBERTY 
Neo-conservatism 
Free-market 
Liberalism 
Fascism 
Libertarianism 
Democratic Socialism 
...
Socialism 
Communism 
Liberalism 
Conservatism 
Fascism 
The Horseshoe Configuration
Liberalism 
Welfare-State Free-market 
Socialism Conservatism 
Communism Fascism 
The Pie-Shaped Spectrum
Proximity Priority 
The 4 P’s of Ideology 
Michael Freeden 
Permeability 
Proportionalit 
y
PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014
PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014
PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014
PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014
PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014
PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014
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PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014

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Beginning lecture, PS 240 Intro to Political Theory, Fall 2014, University of Kentucky.

Published in: Education
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  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
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PS 240 Thinking Politically Fall 2014

  1. 1. Thinking Politically Dr. Christopher S. Rice Image (cc) 2005 Flickr user tsmyther
  2. 2. “Individuals engage in political thinking when they seek to determine which political ideas offer more promise, which political regimes best respond to particular challenges, and which regimes best meet the needs of people.” ~ Steven DeLue
  3. 3. Human Nature (cc) 2008 Flickr user Alper https://flic.kr/p/5tXxze
  4. 4. (cc) 2007 Flickr user Gaetan Lee The Common Good (cc) 2006 Flickr user JoseJose (cc) 2006 Flickr user wallyg (cc) 2007 Flickr user rjzil
  5. 5. Public vs. Private (cc) 2007 Flickr user law_keven (cc) 2006 Flickr user RobW_
  6. 6. RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS
  7. 7. Positive + Negative Freedom (cc) 2005 Flickr user PakyuZ
  8. 8. Political Thinking means TESTING Political Ideas (cc) 2007 Flickr user *maya*
  9. 9. Types of Political Theory
  10. 10. Empirical Theory Describes, explains and evaluates human life as it is lived in community with others, and predicts future patterns of community life.
  11. 11. Normative Theory Advocates (and criticizes) certain ideals and values about how humans ought to live in community with others and prescribes methods for attaining (or avoiding) these ideas and values
  12. 12. IS vs. OUGHT TO BE
  13. 13. Evaluative Theory Theories which connect and provide feedback between empirical and normative theories.
  14. 14. what IS ideology?
  15. 15. “Ideology” is the most elusive concept in the whole of social science. ~ David McLellan
  16. 16. “Study of” Ideas
  17. 17. Ideology tends to be used pejoratively (cc) 2008 Flickr user Paul Denton Cocker
  18. 18. Criticisms of ideologies (Robert Putnam, APSR 65, Sept. 1971)
  19. 19. They provide ideas reflecting people’s private interests rather than more universal, public interests. More specifically, ideologies are the “weapons of the ruling class” – ideas that allow the most powerful members of society to maintain their dominant status.
  20. 20. They oversimplify and thus distort reality.
  21. 21. They conceal the way the sociopolitical world really works, camouflaging who most gains and who most loses from particular practices and programs.
  22. 22. They are mere rationalizations to justify programs that people hope will work, even when there is a lack of evidence to sustain these hopes.
  23. 23. They induce people to sacrifice the present for unachievable utopian goals.
  24. 24. They promote closed and rigid thinking that is resistant to new information.
  25. 25. They are based more on emotion than reason.
  26. 26. They are based on paranoia, or irrational fears about the motivations and powers of some “evil” opponents, leading to (a) simplistic evaluations contrasting the forces of evil (“them”, the other) against the forces of good (“us”), (b) intolerance of everyone who does not believe precisely as “we” do, and (c) an unwillingness to bargain and compromise with “them”.
  27. 27. They assert a moral and political absolutism, dogmatically insisting on certain principles and behaviors and demanding conformity to their “truths”.
  28. 28. They are extremist in that they reject the established political, social and economic institutions and the stable benefits provided by these institutions.
  29. 29. Ideology is a contested term (cc) 2007 Flickr user JPhiipson
  30. 30. Ideology A relatively coherent set of empirical and normative beliefs and thought, focusing on the problems of human nature, the process of history, and socio-political arrangements
  31. 31. How do we analyze Ideologies?
  32. 32. “The left/right continuum…is itself ideological. It serves the purpose of bestowing a moderate or, respectively, radical or even dangerous aura on an ideology. It suggests that to move among ideologies can be a gradual process, and it indicates that ideologies are mutually exclusive and hence offer clear-cut alternatives.” ~ Michael Freeden
  33. 33. AUTHORITY LEFT RIGHT LIBERTY Neo-conservatism Free-market Liberalism Fascism Libertarianism Democratic Socialism Social Anarchism Welfare-state Liberalism Communism
  34. 34. Socialism Communism Liberalism Conservatism Fascism The Horseshoe Configuration
  35. 35. Liberalism Welfare-State Free-market Socialism Conservatism Communism Fascism The Pie-Shaped Spectrum
  36. 36. Proximity Priority The 4 P’s of Ideology Michael Freeden Permeability Proportionalit y

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