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[Thesis] Tangible Collaboration applied in Space Systems Concurrent Engineering Concept Studies

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My PhD Thesis

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[Thesis] Tangible Collaboration applied in Space Systems Concurrent Engineering Concept Studies

  1. 1. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Tangible Collaboration applied in Space Systems Concurrent Engineering Concept Studies Christopher Shneider Cerqueira Ana Maria Ambrosio Claudio Kirner
  2. 2. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Roadmap 10:35 2
  3. 3. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Context and Motivation TUI – Tangible User Interfaces 10:35 3
  4. 4. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE 10:35 4 Movie: Hidden Figures (2016) Portraits NASA’s Mercury Program (~50s) https://www.hq.nasa.go v/office/pao/History/tas kgrp.html
  5. 5. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Space Engineering System Engineering Concurrent Engineering Space Systems Concept Studies (Phase 0) Context 10:35 5 OPPORTUNITY Reintroduce physical collaborations to manipulate models. Industry 4.0 Space 4.0 DST / MBSE GUI Modelling and Simulation TUI Augmented Reality Internet of Things active-connected artefacts
  6. 6. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Objective and Questions 10:35 6 TUI Augmented Reality Internet of Things Objective: This thesis objective is to propose (and show the feasibility of the use of) TUI artefacts as the way engineers collaborate models during Space Systems Concurrent Engineering Concept Studies Sessions, reintroducing physical cognitive artefacts to represent the study data and collaborative interactions. Main Question: Can Tangible User Interfaces be integrated to handle models in CE Sessions? Question 1 – How does the team of a CE Session manipulate models? Question 2 – How adapted are the current tools to collaborate during a CE Session? Question 3 - How does the collaboration among the members occur during a CE Session?
  7. 7. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE CE Sessions CE Sessions – Space Systems Concurrent Engineering Concept Studies 10:35 7
  8. 8. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE CE Sessions 10:35 8 multidisciplinary groups to accomplish the multimodality coverage and convergence of Complex, Coupled and Multidisciplinary Products IDM Facility Software Process TEAM Concurrent Engineering • Document-centric tool-set (DCT) documents the information directly in document artefacts, • Model-centric tool-set (MCT) documents the information that represents the system in model artefacts Modelling Approach Model-Based & Model-Centric Model-Based & Document-Centric Types of Facilities physical facilities where the team of specialists meets and collaborates to conceive the Space Systems. • decompose the mission statement • establish a preliminary technical requirements specification; • identify possible mission concepts, • evaluate a preliminary programmatic and risk assessment. Space Systems Concept Studies SMAD ECSS-M-ST-10C
  9. 9. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Information Exchange (through Computational Systems) 10:35 9 Single Sheet (first attempts / now via Cloud Worksheet) Multiple Sheet via Data Base (Proposed Approach) Multiple Sheet (Current Approach) Model-Centric Tool-set (Future) IDM – Integrated Design Model (“Data Set”) DCT MCT
  10. 10. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE TUI Tangible User Interfaces 10:35 10
  11. 11. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE TUI 10:35 11 Real VirtualR + V V + R R VRAR AV R IR VR IVR AR HR AV IAV IR IVRHR IAV Before 90's After 2000's Static Systems Deterministic Systems Intelligent and Integrated Systems R=Real World, VR=VirtualReality, AR=Augmented Reality, AV=Augmented Virtuality, CR=Cross Reality, HR=Hyper-Reality, IoT=Internet of Things, I=Intelligence TechnologicalEvolution time VirtualInterface Mixed Realities CR (IoT) Real Interface Tangible User Interfaces Digital Physical Digital Information (Model) touch/movement 1st loop – result of immediate artefact manipulation 2nd loop – through computationalmodel sense change sense change actuate physically actuatevirtually Intangiblerepresentation (video/audio feedback) TangibleRepresentation = control & actuatorparts & actuated video 3rd loop – by actuation into the artefact Artefact Interaction Models TUI Spatial Augmented Reality Internet of Things User Interface Styles Handle Artefacts Collaborative Environment It is physical! Ergonomics (human factors) Peripheral Interaction “tangible” term derives from the Latin words “tangibilis” and “tangere”, meaning “to touch”
  12. 12. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Reviews / Analyses / Proposals 10:35 12
  13. 13. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Reviews / Analyses / Proposals 10:35 13 CE Collaborative Interactions CE Facility Collaborative Behaviours Collaboration Model Types CE Sessions Handle Artefacts TUI Elements Taxonomy
  14. 14. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Formality in CE Facilities 10:35 14 Collaborative Virtual Environment Heuristics Germani et al. (2010) [1] Teamwork [2] Communication [3] Human Involvement [4] Cognitive Reaction
  15. 15. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Model Types used in CE Sessions 10:35 15 [1] modelling formalism [2] specialist use [3] computational interpretation [4] collaboration [5] storage method Team Xc Facility Goddard ICMD Facility DLR Facility JAXA Facility *Foundry Furnace Free Models Loose Models Context Specific Context Independent
  16. 16. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Collaborative Interactions 10:35 16 CE Collaborative Interactions Workspace • Style • Big Picture • Detail Level • Exploration • Design Selection • Input of information • Conduct of sharing • Remote SECESA Information Exchange DCT & MCT CE Facility Entities Parameter • Visual Appearance • Navigation System Element • Manipulation • Interfaces • Structure • Behaviour • Manipulate Parameter Model • Move/Retrieve • Manipulate • Visual Appearance • Navigation • Inspection • Attach / Attach final • Handle System Elements ECSS-TM-10-25A Model Discipline Worksheet System Element Sheets Abstract Content Parameter Cells
  17. 17. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE TUI Taxonomy 10:35 17 Metaphor (none, verb, none-verb, full), style (passive, active), purpose (instrument, object, instrument-object), instance (spatial, constructive, relational, constructive-relational, associative) Construction (volumes, hinges, plugs, handles, straps, wheels), materials (plastic, wood, paper, metal, foam, styrofoam, fabric), shape (static, manually incremented, controllable material) Sensor Data (orientation, positioning, depth, weight, temperature, gestures), Sensor Type (magnetic, resistive, capacitive, inertial, visual, global positioning, contact, time of flight) Actuator Action (movement, temperature change, sound, light, spin/torque, wind), Actuator Type (motor, heater/cooler, vibrator, speaker, LED, laser, pump, LCDs) Data Gathering (visible light, infrared, depth, communication), Feedback-loop (monitor, projector, glasses, laser, magnetic, mechanical), Reaction Presence (direct, indirect) Data Source (artefact, facility, could, hybrid), Processing Place (artefact, facility, cloud, hybrid) Tangible Spatial Awareness (none, mutual perception, environment awereness), Embodiement (full, nearby, environmental, distant), Tangible Assigned Functionality (permanente, programmable, transcient), Detectability of Interaction (simple skill, composite skills), Feedback (continuous, discrete, filtered), Simultaneous use (single, multiple)
  18. 18. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Proof of Concept Design Tangible Collaboration applied into Space Systems Concurrent Engineering Concept Studies 10:35 18
  19. 19. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Tangible Collaboration applied in CE Sessions 10:35 19 Handle Artefacts Use Scenario Human To Data Human To Human Human To Facility Interaction Vocabulary TUI Design Entities Entities in OPM CE Collaborative Interactions
  20. 20. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Entites Representation in OPM 10:35 20 Entities Model System Element Parameter System Element’s and Parameter’s Stereotypes view View 2 : Alfa View SD : SD View 1: Template View view (a) OPM Domain Mission System Element Template Alfa : Mission Segment Alfa : Mission CubeSat Alfa : Segment ITA GS : Segment Parameter zoom CubeSat Alfa : Segment U Size : Parameter 1 U 2 U ITA GS : Segment Receiving Style : Parameter SDR zoom SD 2.1 : CubeSat Alfa in-zoomed SD 2.2 : ITA GS in-zoomed Christopher handles presentation. OPM exhibits OPM Examples and OPM Ecosystem. OPM based MBCE exhibits Architecture and Our Work. presentation consumes OPM, CE, and MBSE. presentation yields OPM based MBCE. (CH1) OPD – Object-Process Diagram (CH2) OPL – Object-Process Language (CH3) Simulation Object Process Methodology (OPM)
  21. 21. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Entites Representation in OPM 10:35 21 (b) Graph View (c) Gray indicating stereotype links Entities Model System Element Parameter System Element’s and Parameter’s Stereotypes view View 2 : Alfa View SD : SD View 1: Template View view (a) OPM Domain Mission System Element Template Alfa : Mission Segment Alfa : Mission CubeSat Alfa : Segment ITA GS : Segment Parameter zoom CubeSat Alfa : Segment U Size : Parameter 1 U 2 U ITA GS : Segment Receiving Style : Parameter SDR zoom SD 2.1 : CubeSat Alfa in-zoomed SD 2.2 : ITA GS in-zoomed
  22. 22. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE TUI DESIGN 10:35 22 Use Scenario Handle Artefacts general, hybrid, centralized and indirect Tangible & Intangible Representations (aura) Central Interaction Controller The Intangible Representation (aura) is not a direct metaphor to the manipulated entities Tangible without visual meaning ARTEFACT (Tangible) AURA (Intangible) Data (CE Entities) TUI Design
  23. 23. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE 10:35 23 Specialist Workspace Collaborative Workspace Totem Share provide Knowledge Controls Big Picture Show content open couple couple Walk through Models Walk through Model s Internal System Elements Walk through Model s Parameters Walk through Parameter s Data Walk through Coupled ModelsCreate a model branch into workspace AURA (Intangible)
  24. 24. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Auras 10:35 24 Artefact AuraArtefact Entity Aura
  25. 25. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE H2H / H2D / H2F 10:35 25 Camera and depth sensor equipment Projector Fixing Support Projection Surface with the Artefacts • Perceptions: Touch, Position, Gesture, Movement • Interfaces: • Feedback loops • Work Environment: Table Formats, Ergonomics, Reactive Interaction Places
  26. 26. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE 10:35 26 Human To Facility
  27. 27. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Interaction Vocabulary 10:35 27 • Indirect metaphor • Noun – represents a thing • Model, Sys Element, Parameter and its modes / states • Verb – represents an action • Move, attach, show inside...
  28. 28. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE BigPicture Aura 10:35 28
  29. 29. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Other Auras 10:35 29 ControlsKnowledgeShareTotem
  30. 30. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Video 10:35 30
  31. 31. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Evaluation 10:35 31
  32. 32. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Evaluation 10:35 32 Question 2 – How adapted are the current tools to collaborate during a CE Session? Question 3 - How does the collaboration among the members occur during a CE Session? Question 1 – How does the team of a CE Session manipulate models? Main Question: Can Tangible User Interfaces be integrated to handle models in CE Sessions? Raised Questions Collaboration Comparison Analytical Architecture Analysis Descriptive Informed Argument
  33. 33. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Collaboration Comparison 10:35 33 Entities Parameter • Visual Appearance • Navigation System Element • Manipulation • Interfaces • Structure • Behaviour • Manipulate Parameter Model • Move/Retrieve • Manipulate • Visual Appearance • Navigation • Inspection • Attach / Attach final • Handle System Elements ECSS-TM-10-25A Workspace • Style • Big Picture • Detail Level • Exploration • Design Selection • Input of information • Conduct of sharing • Remote SECESA ...
  34. 34. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Questions: 10:35 34 Team Xc Facility Goddard ICMD Facility DLR Facility JAXA Facility *Foundry Furnace Free Models Loose Models Context Specific Context Independent Question 2 – How adapted are the current tools to collaborate during a CE Session? IDM Facility Software Process TEAM Concurrent Engineering Document-Centric Concurrent Engineering Model-Centric Concurrent Engineering Facility MBSE Framework TEAM Concurrent Engineering CE using DCT CE using MCT Question 3 - How does the collaboration among the members occur during a CE Session? Question 1 – How does the team of a CE Session manipulate models?
  35. 35. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEEMain Question: Can Tangible User Interfaces be integrated to handle models in CE Sessions? 10:35 35
  36. 36. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Conclusions 10:35 36
  37. 37. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Conclusions • TUIs are a “Multidisciplinary Development” 10:35 37 it is possible, requires a team development group
  38. 38. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Development “issues” 2014 2015 2016 2017 Christopher Specialist (OPM) oF JAVA JavaScript (Angular / GoJS) MDESatSim BD Sirius (EMF) Relational SECESA SECESA Graph Excel MySQL MariaDB PostgreSQL Collab Projector CNPq Artefact Unity Controller Unreal oF Arduino Esp Artefact Tracking Excel ARuco IR Through Kinect ARToolKitPlus Electronics Mechanics CubeSat Shape Generic 3D printed Hand Tracking REST Comm Aura Designs Comm Neo4J Through openCV Through HW Disciplines
  39. 39. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Conclusions • TUIs allows the use of computational models as free models. • The collaboration interaction returns to be person-to-person without a physical barrier due desktops/laptops over the table. • The collabration with artefacts focus on the people over the data. 10:35 39
  40. 40. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Publications & Other Activities 10:35 40 Structuring a Cross-Reality Environment to support a Concurrent Engineering Process for Space Mission Concept (SECESA 2014) Structuring Spatial Cross Reality Applications using openFrameworks and Arduino (SVR 2014) Using Virtual, Augmented and Cross Reality in INPE’s Satellite Simulators (SVR 2015) Structuring on-demand Software User Interfaces based in Spatial Augmented Reality to Control Hardware (Arduino) (SVR 2015) A Model Based Concurrent Engineering Framework using ISO-19450 Standard (SECESA 2016) Initial Risk Management in Educational and Technological Space Missions (WETE2017) Data Collection Subsystem Modelling and Simulation using Simulink (WETE2017) Alfa Project Mission Definition (WETE2017) Describing Model Behaviour using OPM to an Operational Satellite Simulator (WETE2017) Using ISO-19450 to Describe and Simulate a Small Sat Operational Scenario (WETE2017) Two Independent Processes of Verification Applied to a Satellite Simulator (WETE2016) A Framework for Automated Model Validation Applied to Pico-satellite Electrical Power Subsystem (WETE2016) Towards an Automated Hybrid Test and Simulation Framework to Functional Verification of Nano-satellites’ Electrical Power Supply Subsystem (AIAA 2016) Creating and maintaining a workshop for graduate course in space engineering and technology and its usefulness to the training of future researchers (ITST2015) Eickhoff Course CAPES Report Workshops Workshops Panel SMAD course IEMA Teaching internship ITA – Rocket Design WETE CI CTEE Others MDE Course
  41. 41. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Contributions • CE Sessions • Information exchange approaches : DCT & MCT • Collaborations: Workspace & Entities • CE Model types: Free, Loose, Context Specific & Context Independent • Facility directioning: formal x informal • TUI Develop • Replicable/Extendable artefact: based in IoT • Taxonomy of elements • Application in Space Engineering • Interaction Tangible Vocabulary to CE Session 10:35 41 Team Xc Facility
  42. 42. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Contributions • MBSE in CE Sessions • Use OPM as baseline to Model Centric Tooling • Graph mapping • Data collection • Model Transformation • Relevant to Industry 4.0 / Space 4.0 trend: reintroduce (active-connected) physical artefacts in engineering – now enabled to manipulate models 10:35 42 Basket of techniques . . . OPM MBSE System Engineering Model Based Development
  43. 43. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Future Works 10:35 43
  44. 44. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Future Motto: Creative Work Interconnection (INCOSE) updates Space 4.0 Big Data and Analytics Modelling and Simulation Vertical and Horizontal System Integration Internet Of Things Security Cloud Additive Manufacting Industry 4.0 integrates Augmented Reality Collaborative Robots 10:35 44 TUI Authoring Tool Modelling and Simulation Multiple Layers Artificial Intelligence MBSE & Systems Integration Hyper Reality Concurrent Engineering Collaboration
  45. 45. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE “On the News” 10:35 45 Microsoft Surface Dial (late 2016) Nintendo Labo (2018)
  46. 46. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE “With the passage of time, the psychology of people stays the same, but the tools and objects in the world change. Cultures change. Technologies change. The principles of design still hold, but the way they get applied needs to be modified to account for new activities, new technologies, new methods of communication and interaction.” Don Norman “The DESIGN of EVERYDAY THINGS, Revised and Expanded 2013’s Edition” 10:35 46
  47. 47. Mission Simulation Lab HICEE Mission Simulation Lab HICEE 10:35 47

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