• The Rwanda Genocide started in April, 1994.• It started when Juvénal Habyarimana , the president of the Republic of Rwanda was assassinated.• It ended in July, 1994.• About 800,000 people were killed.
• Rwanda is a small country located in middle- eastern Africa.• Before the genocide, the population was about 7 million.• Rwanda was home to the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa.• The Hutu population made up 85%, Tutsi made up 14%, and the Twa made up 1%.
• Juvénal Habyarimana was assassinated while he was in a plane and it was shot down.• When Juvénal Habyarimana was assassinated, violence imediately started.• In the cover of the violence, some Hutu extremists planned to destroy the entire Tutsi civillian population.
• The Hutu extremists were known as the Akazu.• Paul Kagame was the leader of the Akazu.• Many of the Akazu held top position in the national government.
• The U.S. chose to ignore the Rwanda Genocide.• Bill Clinton, the president at the time, didn’t want to get involved.• The U.S. had just pulled troops from Somalia from a disastrous peacekeeping mission.
• The RPF is the Rwandan Patriotic Front.• It was created in 1987 by the Tutsi refugee diaspora in Uganda.• The RPF took control of the country by cutting off supply routes and took advantage of the deteriorating social order.
• The French supported the genocide.• The French helped to train the Rwandan militia.• They were also accused of murder and hiding the Tutsis.
• The Rwanda militia did most of the killing, there were about 30,000 of them in the militia.• Some of the weapons that they used were AK-47 assault rifles, grenades, and machetes. They used machetes over guns because they were cheaper.• The whole massacre was organized by the government.
• Most of the thousands of casualties were Tutsi.• The violence forced the Tutsi, about 300,000 of them, to flee to Uganda and Burundi.
• The RPF ended the Rwanda Genocide.• They took control of the capital of Kigali.• The RPF took control of the government.• After the RPF got the genocide over with, the RPF became the dominant political party.