Uranium Enrichment Technology

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Uranium Enrichment Technology

  1. 1. Uranium EnrichmentTechnology<br />A DON’T DIY guide to <br />
  2. 2. What is Enriched Uranium?<br />Uranium<br />238 (Natural Uranium)<br />235 (Isotope)<br />Fissile<br />
  3. 3. Types of Enriched Uranium<br />Grades<br />Natural Uranium<br />Low-Enriched<br />Weapons-Grade<br />
  4. 4. Enrichment Processes<br />Diffusion<br />Centrifuge<br />Laser Separation<br />Other<br />
  5. 5. Diffusion Techniques<br />Gaseous Diffusion<br />
  6. 6. Diffusion Techniques<br />Thermal Diffusion<br />No longer used<br />
  7. 7. Centrifuge Techniques<br />Gas Centrifuge<br />10x more energy efficient than Gaseous Diffusion technique.<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1X7Lr-gdxZY&feature=related<br />
  8. 8. Centrifuge Techniques<br />Zippe Centrifuge<br />Improvement on gaseouscentrifuge technology,use of heat.<br />
  9. 9. Laser Separation<br />Separation of Isotopes by Laser Excitation (SILEX)<br />Australian project that will be commercially ready by 2012.<br />
  10. 10. Laser Separation<br />Atomic vapor laser isotope separation(AVLIS)<br />Photoionization of target isotope<br />Molecular laser isotope separation(MLIS)<br />Photolysis of Uranium Hexafluoride to Uranium Pentafluoride<br />
  11. 11. Other Techniques<br />Aerodynamic processes<br />Becker jet nozzle<br />Vortex tube<br />
  12. 12. Other Techniques<br />Electromagnetic Isotope Separation<br />Ionized Uranium is deflected to coll-ection targets inmagnetic field.<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Other Techniques<br />Chemical Methods<br />Slightly different reactions of U-235, U-238 to Redox<br />
  15. 15. Other Techniques<br />Plasma Separation<br />Selective energizing of U-235 with plasma that contains a mix of ions.<br />

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