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Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

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Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

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Talk at the Italian GFOSS Day Conference 2012 in Turin: An introduction to the European Forest Fire System Fire News tool, based on the Sm@rtFeed engine

Talk at the Italian GFOSS Day Conference 2012 in Turin: An introduction to the European Forest Fire System Fire News tool, based on the Sm@rtFeed engine

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Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  1. 1. Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) Paolo Corti, Jesus San Miguel, Andrea Camia, Daniel McInerney, Roberto Boca, Margherita Di Leo www.jrc.ec.europa.eu November 12, 2012 1
  2. 2. JRC The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC). Its mission is to provide scientific and technical support to EU policies for the protection of the European and global environment. The IES is made up of eight Scientific Units (organigramme): * Water Resources Unit * Air and Climate Unit * Monitoring Agricultural Resources Unit * Land Resource Management Unit * Digital Earth & Reference Data Unit * Climate Risk Management Unit * Sustainability Assessment Unit * Forest Resources and Climate Unit (http://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/) November 12, 2012 2
  3. 3. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) * The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbouring countries. Operation is currently co-financed by JRC, ENV and ECHO (Monitoring and Information Centre). * It supports the services in charge of the protection of forests against fires in EU and neighbouring countries, and provides the EC services and the European Parliament with information on forest fires in Europe. * Aims at providing up-to-date, reliable information on forest fires at the pan- European scale, providing European level assessments during both pre-fire and post-fire phases, thus supporting fire prevention, preparedness, fire fighting and post-fire evaluations. * EFFIS is intended as a complementary system to national and regional fire information systems in the countries, which provides harmonized information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. November 12, 2012 3
  4. 4. Forest fires in Europe Every year: 65,000 fires on average. 500,000 hectares burned. Casualties and heavy economic impact. November 12, 2012 4
  5. 5. http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ November 12, 2012 5
  6. 6. http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ Provides information before fire (danger forecast) during fire (fire detection, burned area rapid mapping) after fire (land cover damage assessment, forest fire emissions, potential soil erosion) November 12, 2012 6
  7. 7. EFFIS Summary Input Models, data Output integration, analysis Wind speed Burned area vs Monthly Severity Rating in EUMed Fire Danger Forecast (June to October 1985-2005) Fine Fuel Moisture Duff Moisture Drought Code 500,000 Code (FFMC) Code (DMC) (DC) 450,000 y = 2199.1e0.4099x Remote 400,000 R2 = 0.7551 350,000 Monthly burned area (ha) 300,000 sensing Active Fire Detection INITIAL SPREAD BUILD UP 250,000 200,000 INDEX (ISI) INDEX (BUI) 150,000 100,000 50,000 - FIRE WEATHER INDEX 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 (FWI) MSR Weather Fire Monitoring forecast Av burned area (m2) Damage Assessment Bv biomass (g m-2) Geo-datasets Fire Emissions CO2 = ∑ Av × Bv × C × Ev C burning efficiency (g g-1) v Post-fire Soil Erosion Regional estimates Data Data Databases of CO2 emissions Data Evemission coefficient for CO2 Fire News WEB interface at (http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu) November 12, 2012 7
  8. 8. http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ November 12, 2012 8
  9. 9. The fire news application November 12, 2012 9
  10. 10. The process November 12, 2012 10
  11. 11. Quick facts * a web application for geoparsing and analyzing web feeds to identify forest fires news * has replaced a semi manual process built on top of Google Reader, Google Maps and GDAL scripts * the news are always verified by manual intervention before being published (but work flow can be different) * the application is used in the context of forest fires, but can be used for other aims (just use the generic geofeeds application, on which the FireNews application is based) November 12, 2012 11
  12. 12. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds November 12, 2012 12
  13. 13. Work flow November 12, 2012 13
  14. 14. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds 1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze November 12, 2012 14
  15. 15. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds 1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze November 12, 2012 15
  16. 16. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds 1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze 2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords for filtering in and out feed items November 12, 2012 16
  17. 17. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds 1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze 2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords for filtering in and out feed items 3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains for filtering in and out feed items November 12, 2012 17
  18. 18. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds 1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze 2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords for filtering in and out feed items 3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains for filtering in and out feed items 4. For each feed the user can add a series of countries/places for filtering in and out geoparsed feed items November 12, 2012 18
  19. 19. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds 1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze 2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords for filtering in and out feed items 3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains for filtering in and out feed items 4. For each feed the user can add a series of countries/places for filtering in and out geoparsed feed items 5. Feed items are then displayed from the web application (with eventual geoparsed places) November 12, 2012 19
  20. 20. Work flow November 12, 2012 20
  21. 21. Work flow 0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news and proposed geoparsed feeds 1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze 2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords for filtering in and out feed items 3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains for filtering in and out feed items 4. For each feed the user can add a series of countries/places for filtering in and out geoparsed feed items 5. Feed items are then displayed from the web application (with eventual geoparsed places) 6. User can archive uninteresting feed items or can promote and tag feed items for important forest fire news items November 12, 2012 21
  22. 22. Work flow November 15, 2012 22
  23. 23. What's behind * the application is developed in Django (Python) * datastore is PostGIS (--> Spatialite, Oracle Spatial or NoSQL database) * supports RSS (from 0.90 to 2.0) and Atom (0.3, 1.0) via Universal Feed Parser * geoparse of feed is performed via Yahoo! Placemaker or via a custom implementation based on GeoNames * geocode is performed via Google Maps, GeoNames and Yahoo! Maps via GeoPy * fire news are eventually exposed as GeoRSS, KML and Shapefile by the application November 12, 2012 23
  24. 24. EFFIS VGI integration * It is possible to integrate VGI (still via RSS feeds, filtering per user/keywords) * Twitter * Flickr * YouTube * others * Example: twitter rss feed per "forest fire" keyword: http://search.twitter.com/search.rss?q=forest+fire November 12, 2012 24
  25. 25. Sm@rtFeeds * Sm@rtFeeds: https://github.com/capooti/smartfeeds * This is the web application engine used and customized in the context of the FireNews application * Still at a very early stage of development * It can be used for any context: disaster management, crisis, news, brand monitoring, trends analysis, just as a different smart aggregator. Whenever you need useful information from massive amounts of data * Works for now just with RSS feeds. Willing to implement the SMS and Email feeds * A Python alternative to Ushahidi SwiftRiver November 12, 2012 25
  26. 26. License of this document This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ 2012, JRC License details: Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0: You are free: * to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work * to Remix — to adapt the work Under the following conditions: * Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). *Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license. With the understanding that: * Waiver — Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. * Other Rights — In no way are any of the following rights affected by the license: o Your fair dealing or fair use rights; o The author's moral rights; o Rights other persons may have either in the work itself or in how the work is used, such as publicity or privacy rights. November 12, 2012 26

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