SiS Energy Sources And The Climate Change Nexus Brockway 2007

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Scientists in Schools Program - Presentations from the Energy and Climate Change Symposium

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SiS Energy Sources And The Climate Change Nexus Brockway 2007

  1. 1. The Energy – Climate Change Nexus Dr David Brockway CHIEF CSIRO Energy Technology 25 October 2007
  2. 2. Energy & Society Clean Energy Energy Security Australia & Asia Wealth Creation CSIRO.
  3. 3. Global Temperature Rise (Temperature Anomalies from 1961 – 1990 Mean) CSIRO. Data supplied: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
  4. 4. Modern lifestyles are energy demanding Energy consumption per person 150 100 Energy consumption per dollar of GDP 50 Historical Medium Longer Index term term 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91 2001-02 2008-09 2019-20 CSIRO.
  5. 5. GHG Emissions Sources 2000 52 2 50 Other Nat Gas 5 Petroleum 6 40 38 Coal 30 Percent 18 20 14 7 10 3 3 2 0 Waste Other Forestry Energy Land Use, Stationary Transport Industrial Agriculture (Electricity) Source: AGO (2002) National Greenhouse Gas Inventory CSIRO.
  6. 6. CSIRO R&D Priority Outcomes Cut emissions from energy generation and use Increase Australia’s transport fuel self-sufficiency Enhance the value of Australia’s energy endowment Australia & Asia CSIRO.
  7. 7. 50% Reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions 500 450 Base case (BAU) Projection 400 350 300 Mt CO2e 250 200 150 Flagship trajectory to achieve 50% reduction in GHG 100 emissions 50 50% below 1990 emission levels 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CSIRO.
  8. 8. Distributed Generation and Energy Management Two way power flow The future Smart meters distributed power Intelligent agents Power arbitrage 2 way grid system Base-load power transmission lines transmission lines generation ~ 600 MW Solar cells Solar cells Industrial complex / factory Wind farm Commercial Hospital / shopping House / building complex residential suburb Apartment block CSIRO.
  9. 9. Energy Efficiency and Energy Management Energy Management 500 450 .. ural. Base case (BAU) truct &s Projection ncy fficie rgy e Ene 400 350 300 Mt CO2e 250 200 150 Flagship trajectory to achieve 50% reduction in GHG 100 emissions 50 50% below 1990 emission levels 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CSIRO.
  10. 10. Distributed Generation Energy Management 500 450 .. ural. Base case (BAU) truct &s Projection ncy fficie rgy e Ene 400 Distributed generation Smart house 350 300 Mt CO2e 250 200 150 Flagship trajectory to achieve 50% reduction in GHG 100 emissions 50 50% below 1990 emission levels 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CSIRO.
  11. 11. CSIRO.
  12. 12. Role of Renewables Energy Management 500 450 .. ural. Base case (BAU) truct &s Projection ncy fficie rgy e Ene 400 Distributed generation Smart house 350 Renewables 300 Mt CO2e 250 Solar thermal demonstration 200 150 Flagship trajectory to achieve 50% reduction in GHG 100 emissions 50 50% below 1990 emission levels 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CSIRO.
  13. 13. The Entry of Nuclear Energy Management 500 450 .. ural. Base case (BAU) truct &s Projection ncy fficie rgy e Ene 400 Distributed generation Smart house 350 Renewables Nuclear 300 Mt CO2e 250 Solar thermal demonstration 200 150 Flagship trajectory to achieve 50% reduction in GHG 100 emissions 50 50% below 1990 emission levels 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CSIRO.
  14. 14. Cleaner Fossil Fuel Power Plants Generator Boiler Liquid CO2 Electricity CO2 Low CO2 flue gas Absorber Stripper Coal Flue gas pretreatme nt C.W. Flyash Flue Gas Reboiler Thermal efficiency 28 - 33% CO2 emissions <100 kg/MWh CSIRO.
  15. 15. The Major Role of Cleaner Fossil Energy Energy Management 500 450 .. ural. Base case (BAU) truct &s Projection ncy fficie rgy e Capturing and Ene 400 long term Distributed generation storage of CO2 Smart house 350 Renewables Nuclear 300 Mt CO2e 250 Fossil Solar thermal demonstration 200 150 Flagship trajectory to achieve 50% reduction in GHG 100 emissions 50 50% below 1990 emission levels 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CSIRO.
  16. 16. More Efficient Transport Energy Management 500 450 .. ural. Base case (BAU) truct &s Projection ncy fficie rgy e Ene 400 Capturing and long term Distributed generation storage of CO2 Smart house 350 Renewables Nuclear 300 Mt CO2e 250 Fossil Synthetic Solar thermal fuels gaining demonstration Alte market 200 rna tive share fue Ultrabattery ls &v deployment ehi c les 150 Re Flagship trajectory to duc ed achieve 50% trav el reduction in GHG 100 emissions 50 50% below 1990 emission levels 0 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CSIRO.
  17. 17. Achievements CSIRO.
  18. 18. Australian R&D Capability is Under Threat CSIRO.

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