HPP-621 (aditivo para bunker-c )


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Análisis hecho para el Sr. H Negron de la compania HPP en Puerto Rico...al producto HPP-621 para tratamiento de bunker-c.

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HPP-621 (aditivo para bunker-c )

  1. 1. HPP-621 Testing in Bunker C The following test performed is intended to determine how effective the addition of the additive HPP- 621 to bunker-c. The test performed by trained personnel was “Total Ash” Determination of Sample, a test that determines the effect of different concentrations of additive with bunker-c. A second test was made collecting the fumes during the first test and makes a simple GC-FID determination to measure intensity of peaks. Equipment Analytical balance, Platinum Crucible, Bunsen Burner, Desiccators, Muffle Furnace, Gas Chromatographer Equipped with a Flame Ionization Detector Reagents Bunker-C Fuel, HPP-621 Additive Procedure and Results Analysis 4 samples were prepared for testing 1) Bunker-C as is, 2) Bunker-C with HPP-621 at 480ppm, 3) Bunker-C with HPP-621 at 504ppm and 4)Bunker-C with HPP-621 at 528 ppm. The required amount of additive per sample of bunker-c is as follow: Concentration (ppm) HPP-621/5oz Bunker-C 480 14.0mL 504 14.6mL 528 15.4mL Higher concentration samples were prepared following the ratio of the additive instructions (12oz of additive/180 gal) the other concentrations were prepared. The 4 samples were placed in Glass Bottles and Hand shaken for few minutes.
  2. 2. After sample preparation 1g of each sample was placed into separated platinum crucibles to incinerate them, fumes generated during the burning process were collected to inject them into the GC-FID. During test some characteristics were observed. Bunker-C (as is) During Ignition After Ignition w/burner Observation: Dense brown fumes were observed during ignition of sample (bunker-c, as is). The entire residue stays in the inner walls of the crucible. After ignition of sample into the Muffle Furnace @ 700 C a light brown residue stays in the bottom of crucible. The sample was consumed almost totally. - Fumes were collected for injection into the GC-FID for peaks intensity analysis.
  3. 3. Bunker-C w/HPP-621 @ 480ppm During Ignition After Ignition w/burner Observation: Sample was consumed very fast. Residues on inner walls were less but a piece of residue “carbon-like” remained in the bottom of the crucible. After ignited into the Muffle Furnace @ 700 C an orange residue remained in the bottom of the crucible. After Ignition w/burner These characteristics: less fumes, fast ignition, orange residue after total ignition; increase with the addition of the additive at different concentration. %Total Ash Determination Sample Wt. (g) Only Bunker-C B-C @480ppm B-C @504ppm B-C @528ppm Gross I (G1) 59.4795 59.4776 59.4656 59.5151 Tare (T) 58.4649 58.4630 58.4626 58.4625 Net (N) 1.0146 1.0146 1.0030 1.0526 Gross II (G2) 58.4664 58.4667 58.4677 58.4681 % Total Ash 0.1478 0.3647 0.5085 0.5320
  4. 4. GC Chromatograms Bunker-C (as is) Fumes Chromatogram
  5. 5. Bunker-C/ HPP-621 @ 504ppm (fumes)
  6. 6. Bunker-C/ HPP-621 @ 528ppm (fumes)
  7. 7. Results Analysis Result %Total Peak Concentration(ppm) Ash Area 0 0.1478 22698.4 480 0.3647 - 504 0.5085 15753.4 528 0.5320 15067.5 Chromatograms and results show a clear view of the positive effects HPP-621, additive imparts into bunker-c fuel oil. It takes the impurities of the bunker-c fuel oil; toxic emissions, and reduces them in the combustion chamber. As seen in the results of Total Ash Determination, total ash percent increases as the concentration of the additive increases. When peak areas of the GC Fumes Chromatograms are observed it can be noticed that the intensity of the first two peaks decreases. It is concluded that the additive effectively traps dangerous components normally released as toxic emissions due to the combustion of bunker-c fuel oil. Test performed by: Eugenio Nuñez Sierra I certify that sample analysis, data and results were performed by trained personnel under supervision and that all information contained in the report is truly exact. Nora L. Mejias – Licensed Chemist