Synthetic paraffinic jet fuel -3 q12

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Synthetic paraffinic jet fuel -3 q12

  1. 1. Ramin Abhari, P.E.Senior Process EngineerSyntroleum CorporationSYNTHETIC PARAFFINICJET FUEL
  2. 2. A bright spot inrecent alternativefuel news…
  3. 3. A-10 Thunderbolt synthetic fuelflight; March 25, 2010
  4. 4. F/A-18 synthetic fuelflight; April 28, 2010
  5. 5. C-17 synthetic fuel flight;Oct. 22, 2007
  6. 6. B-52 synthetic fuel flight;Sept. 26, 2006
  7. 7. What’s up with all thesynthetic fuelflight tests?
  8. 8. DoD intends to catalyze commercial industry toproduce clean fuels for the military from securedomestic resources using environmentallysensitive process as a bridge to the future - Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
  9. 9. By 2016, 50% of all fuel for thecontinental U.S. fleet will bepurchased domestically fromalternate sources - Air Force Policy Document 90-17
  10. 10. What is synthetic jetfuel…and how is it made?
  11. 11. Same components aspetroleum jet fuel… Petro Synthetics ”The good, the bad, and the ugly!”…except for the “bad” and the “ugly”
  12. 12. Two ways tosyntheticparaffinicjet fuel
  13. 13. 1. Low Temperature Fischer-Tropsch Carbon Feedstock: Coal (~80% C) Woody biomass (~50% C) 2 C + ½ O2 + H 2 O à Gasification: CO + 2 H2 + CO2 Carbon to syngas CO + 2 H2 + CO2 à Fischer-Tropsch: –[CH2]n– + H2O + CO2 Syngas to n-paraffins –[CH2]n– + H2 à Hydrocracking: +–[CH(CH2)]n-m– n-paraffins to shorter + –[CH2]m– n- and iso-paraffins Synthetic Jet Fuel to Distillation and Shipping
  14. 14. 2. Hydroprocessing of Fats and Oils Liquid Biomass Feed: Fats/Oils/Greases Algae oils Hydrodeoxygenation: C17H33COOH + 4 H2 à Fatty acid/glycerides C18H38 + H2O to n-paraffins Hydrocracking: C18H38 + H2 à n-paraffins to shorter n-C9H20 + i-C9H20 n- and iso-paraffins Synthetic Jet Fuel to Distillation and Shipping
  15. 15. Same fuel from Weight % n-Paraffins both processes 5163 C7-C9 C10-C13 C14-C16 C17-C19 3.0 7.8 1.7 0.063 4909 4.1 10.8 2.2 0.10 Hydro-processed Renewable C10 C9 C11 Jet (HRJ or Bio-SPK) C12 C13 5163 R-8 C8 C14 C7 C15 C16 C 17 C18 C19 Fischer Tropsch (FT or SPK) 4909 S-8Time--> 5 10 15 20 25 30
  16. 16. Feedstock Process Synthetic Jet Fuel How does synthetic jet fuel perform?
  17. 17. Three key performanceadvantages
  18. 18. Emission Index (1E15 particles/kg fuel) 8 2. Lower Emissions 7 6 5 4 Idle Cruise 3 2 1 0 JP-8 R-8 50/50 R-8 1. Lower Emissions
  19. 19. Synthetic 2. Better Low Temperature Performance
  20. 20. Fuel Description 15-Hr Mass Accumulation (μg/cm2)R-8 0.3(Syntroleum Bio-SPK)S-8 0.4(Syntroleum FT SPK)JP-8 3.0 3. Less carbon deposit in fuel system
  21. 21. Oct. 2010Dynamic Fuels LLC, Geismar, LAStarts Up as First Supplier of Bio-SPK
  22. 22. June 2011Bio-SPK Certified for CommercialAviation through ASTM D7566Standard for Synthetic Jet Fuel
  23. 23. June 2011Paris-Amsterdam Flight MakesHistory as First Passenger Flight onBiofuel
  24. 24. Nov. 2011Alaska Airlines Flies First Set ofDomestic Flights on Bio-SPK
  25. 25. July 2012 USS Nimitz“Great Green Fleet” US NavyExercises on Bio-SPK jet fuel andRenewable Diesel
  26. 26. Summary Strong interest by military and commercial purchasers Superior fuel properties Two processes, abundant feedstocks Domestic commercial production capacity since 2010
  27. 27. Some of the Contributorsto the Success…

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