Water Quality in the Developing World

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Water Quality in the Developing World

  1. 1. Water Quality in the Developing World By Brian Foster Agron. 342
  2. 2. What Poor Water Quality Accounts For <ul><li>Leads to diarrhea, and causes 3 to 5 million deaths per year, especially among children. </li></ul><ul><li>Liver and kidney problems arise with consumption also. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Affects Water Quality <ul><ul><li>The contamination of naturally occurring chemicals in ground water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contamination by industrial and agricultural waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dumping of waste water in rivers from urban areas </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is Being Done <ul><li>Different strategies are being put forth to eliminate this problem. One strategy is installation of hand pumps that draw groundwater up that is not contaminated </li></ul><ul><li>Also filters and other devices are put in place to clean the water of disease and contaminates </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Being Done <ul><li>Harvesting of rain water. This can be a problem for areas that are located in very arid of semi arid countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling of rain water, this avoids dumping in to rivers and the waste water can be used for agriculture use. This count potentially increase food security in growing areas. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Problems with Recycling Waste Water <ul><li>Lots of people in rural areas draw their domestic water from water used for irrigating crops. That is a potential health risk for those people. </li></ul><ul><li>Health risks for consumers of produce irrigated with waste water </li></ul><ul><li>Contamination of groundwater with nutrients </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pollution of Water
  8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>Contamination of groundwater and pollution of surface water with waste are big problems affecting water supply. Water management needs to be in place to regulate what is going in water and where waste can be put to prevent contamination. To do this, you need to have policymakers, governments, organizations, and donors willing to help to preserve the quality of water. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Resources <ul><li>Van der Hoeck, Wim . &quot;Emerging Water Quality Problems in Developing Worlds.&quot; IFPRI . October 2001. 19 Dec 2008 <http://www.ifpri.org/2020/focus/focus09/focus09_04.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Grossman, Scott . &quot;Effects of Pollution.&quot; Geocities . 19 Dec 2008 <http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/Andes/9402/Effects.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Poor Water Quality Being Addressed by UN.&quot; Plan My Green . September 2nd, 2008 . 19 Dec 2008 <http://www.planmygreen.com/?p=167>. </li></ul>

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