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LONG TERM FINANCING of
PROTECTED AREAS
Fonda&on	pour	les	Aires	Protégées		
et	la	Biodiversité	de	Madagascar	
www.fapbm.org
Madagascar, une terre, une vie
PROTECTED AREAS « NATURAL SOLUTIONS »	
v  PAs : a global response to the climate change
v  They contribute to halt the causes of CC : protecting
natural ecosystems mitigate the effect of natural
disasters è it conserves the environnemental
services on which populations depend
v  PAs : play a buffer role for approximatively 5 millions
people in local communities, alleviate the risks and
extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, droughts
and sea level rise
v  Madagascar : 7 millions ha of PAs (11,9% of
Madagascar area)
è 123 PAs with at least 24 diversified ecosystems
(mostly humid forrests & dry forests)
Biodiversitéfortement menacée
HIGHLY THREATENED BIODIVERSITY
Ø  A great number of species classified in the IUCN
Red List
Ø  Human-induced threats :
•  High population growth rate
•  Developpement-induced risks
Ø  Climate Change threats
THE VALUE OF THIS NATURAL CAPITAL
IT IS ESSENTIAL TO RECOGNIZE AND EVALUATE
THE VALUE OF THE BIODIVERSITY, our NATURAL
CAPITAL
This is what W.A.V.E.S. project do
IMPORTANT STEP WHILE ELABORATING A LONG
TERM FUNDING STRATEGY
ACTIVITIES RELATED TO CC ADAPTATION
v  Forest	conserva&on:		
ü  Masoala and Marojejy NP : more
than 200 000 ha of forest that
protect villages & towns against
the wind
ü  Environmental services
conservation (shelterbelt, drinking
water reservoir, genetic pool,
medicine reservoir, natural
resources…)
ü  These environmental services
offer a stronger resilience of
vulnerable communities
ACTIVITIES RELATED TO CC ADAPTATION
v  Income	genera&ng	ac&vi&es	
Mandrozo: coconut trees plantations
in rows along the sea and around crop
fields
è Protect villages and enable the
production of nut, oil, milk, copra that
develop the local economy
èCrop fields sheltered by coconut
tree : source of food, reduce poverty
by varying the communities livelihood
PA management costs = 20 Millions USD/year
Traditional donors such as World Bank, PNUD, KFW,
GEF, Foundations (Mac Arthur, Helmsley…), NGOs
(CI, WWF, WCS), …
SUSTAINABLE FUNDING ISSUE
THE CURRENT DEPENDENCE ON FOREIGN AID IS
NOT VIABLE, NOR BENEFICIAL
SOME SOURCES OF RECURRING REVENUES
Ø  PAs own resources (Eg: Madagascar National Parks
generates more than 1 million USD/year)
Ø  Carbon revenues (pilot projects in some PAs : Makira,
CAZ et COFAV, REDD+)
Ø  Parafiscal tax which benefit biodiversity conservation
(charges on airfares, PES)
Ø  Strengthen synergy between mining and industrial
development and the need of environment preservation
WHAT MECHANISM TO MAINTAIN THESE SERVICES?
Trust funds have been created to provide a
sustainable funding for the PAs
Trust funds ! financial mechanisms, the most
suitable to maintain the ecosystemic services
provided by PAs
FAPBM MISSION & OBJECTIVES
Contribute to a sustainable human development
through conservation and promotion of biodiversity
by providing a long term support for the protected
areas system of Madagascar :
Ø  Ensure a sustainable funding for biodiversity
conservation and sustainable development
Ø  Reduce the dependence on traditional donors
AREAS OF INTERVENTION
Ø  Conservation and sustainable management of PAs
Ø  Participatory management of the natural resources,
involving local communities and considering human
well being;
Ø  Research on biodiversity and ecological monitoring
on site;
Ø  Help PAs to achieve autonomy by promoting
ecotourism;
Ø  Education and awareness raising regarding
conservation & promotion of PAs.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND FUNDATIONS
Ø  Carbon revenues generated by PAs should get
back to PAs management and local communities
Ø  Fundations are the most efficient mechanism for
sustainable finance
Ø  As an example, FAPBM is already an available
mechanism ; with a sound environmental and social
policy and a track record of ten years on managing
funds
Ø  We are ready to manage funds from any carbon
based project or from any climate related project
FAPBM	Financial	management
+2	millions	hectares	
1	040	000	
People		
supported	
10	
Interna&onal		
sites		
included	
30	
Financed	PAs
GRANTS EVOLUTION
(in millions USD)
FAPBM CHALLENGES
v  Sustainable funding issue : management cost of
the123 PA is estimated at 20 Millions USD/ year
whereas the current long term support provide:
ü  a little more than 2 millions USD from FAPBM
ü  around 2 millions USD of ecotourism revenues from
the most advanced PAs
v Following the recommendations of IUCN and CAFE,
FAPBM should double its capital in the next 5 years in
order to increase its funding capacity
Key	actors	of	PAs		
sustainable	financing		
in	Madagascar

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COP21 Long term financing of protected areas FAPBM (english)

  • 1. LONG TERM FINANCING of PROTECTED AREAS Fonda&on pour les Aires Protégées et la Biodiversité de Madagascar www.fapbm.org Madagascar, une terre, une vie
  • 2. PROTECTED AREAS « NATURAL SOLUTIONS » v  PAs : a global response to the climate change v  They contribute to halt the causes of CC : protecting natural ecosystems mitigate the effect of natural disasters è it conserves the environnemental services on which populations depend v  PAs : play a buffer role for approximatively 5 millions people in local communities, alleviate the risks and extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, droughts and sea level rise v  Madagascar : 7 millions ha of PAs (11,9% of Madagascar area) è 123 PAs with at least 24 diversified ecosystems (mostly humid forrests & dry forests)
  • 3. Biodiversitéfortement menacée HIGHLY THREATENED BIODIVERSITY Ø  A great number of species classified in the IUCN Red List Ø  Human-induced threats : •  High population growth rate •  Developpement-induced risks Ø  Climate Change threats
  • 4. THE VALUE OF THIS NATURAL CAPITAL IT IS ESSENTIAL TO RECOGNIZE AND EVALUATE THE VALUE OF THE BIODIVERSITY, our NATURAL CAPITAL This is what W.A.V.E.S. project do IMPORTANT STEP WHILE ELABORATING A LONG TERM FUNDING STRATEGY
  • 5. ACTIVITIES RELATED TO CC ADAPTATION v  Forest conserva&on: ü  Masoala and Marojejy NP : more than 200 000 ha of forest that protect villages & towns against the wind ü  Environmental services conservation (shelterbelt, drinking water reservoir, genetic pool, medicine reservoir, natural resources…) ü  These environmental services offer a stronger resilience of vulnerable communities
  • 6. ACTIVITIES RELATED TO CC ADAPTATION v  Income genera&ng ac&vi&es Mandrozo: coconut trees plantations in rows along the sea and around crop fields è Protect villages and enable the production of nut, oil, milk, copra that develop the local economy èCrop fields sheltered by coconut tree : source of food, reduce poverty by varying the communities livelihood
  • 7. PA management costs = 20 Millions USD/year Traditional donors such as World Bank, PNUD, KFW, GEF, Foundations (Mac Arthur, Helmsley…), NGOs (CI, WWF, WCS), … SUSTAINABLE FUNDING ISSUE THE CURRENT DEPENDENCE ON FOREIGN AID IS NOT VIABLE, NOR BENEFICIAL
  • 8. SOME SOURCES OF RECURRING REVENUES Ø  PAs own resources (Eg: Madagascar National Parks generates more than 1 million USD/year) Ø  Carbon revenues (pilot projects in some PAs : Makira, CAZ et COFAV, REDD+) Ø  Parafiscal tax which benefit biodiversity conservation (charges on airfares, PES) Ø  Strengthen synergy between mining and industrial development and the need of environment preservation
  • 9. WHAT MECHANISM TO MAINTAIN THESE SERVICES? Trust funds have been created to provide a sustainable funding for the PAs Trust funds ! financial mechanisms, the most suitable to maintain the ecosystemic services provided by PAs
  • 10. FAPBM MISSION & OBJECTIVES Contribute to a sustainable human development through conservation and promotion of biodiversity by providing a long term support for the protected areas system of Madagascar : Ø  Ensure a sustainable funding for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development Ø  Reduce the dependence on traditional donors
  • 11. AREAS OF INTERVENTION Ø  Conservation and sustainable management of PAs Ø  Participatory management of the natural resources, involving local communities and considering human well being; Ø  Research on biodiversity and ecological monitoring on site; Ø  Help PAs to achieve autonomy by promoting ecotourism; Ø  Education and awareness raising regarding conservation & promotion of PAs.
  • 12. CLIMATE CHANGE AND FUNDATIONS Ø  Carbon revenues generated by PAs should get back to PAs management and local communities Ø  Fundations are the most efficient mechanism for sustainable finance Ø  As an example, FAPBM is already an available mechanism ; with a sound environmental and social policy and a track record of ten years on managing funds Ø  We are ready to manage funds from any carbon based project or from any climate related project
  • 16. FAPBM CHALLENGES v  Sustainable funding issue : management cost of the123 PA is estimated at 20 Millions USD/ year whereas the current long term support provide: ü  a little more than 2 millions USD from FAPBM ü  around 2 millions USD of ecotourism revenues from the most advanced PAs v Following the recommendations of IUCN and CAFE, FAPBM should double its capital in the next 5 years in order to increase its funding capacity

Editor's Notes

  1. 1
  2. Plusieurs bailleurs interviennent dans la protection mais
  3. En partenariat/complément
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  5. En partenariat/complément
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  7. 17