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Russian Architecture


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Russian Architecture

  1. 1. Russian Architecture<br />
  2. 2. Move to St. Petersburg <br />City named after patron saint, St Peter <br />Peter the Great in 1703 starts building in St. Petersburg <br />Building done by peasants <br />1710 Government moves from Moscow to St. Petersburg <br />1713 Peter forced the Senate to move to St. Petersburg <br />Peter saw city as window to the West<br />
  3. 3. Peter and Paul Fortress<br />Started building in 1703<br />Original citadel of St. Petersburg<br />On Hare Island which is near the Neva River<br />
  4. 4. Summer Palace <br />Built between 1710 and 1712<br />Designed by DomenicoTrezzini<br />Designed for entertainment pavilion and for warm weather only<br />Peter spent every summer there from 1712 until his death in 1725<br />
  5. 5. St. Simeon and Anna<br />Built between 1731 and 1734 by Mikhail Zemzov<br />Went away from traditional 5 dome church with plan of Greek cross built another church in the basilica style with a tower over the front<br />Reminiscent of Roman tomb towers of the 1st to 3rd century <br />One is Octagonal dome structure and the other is a slender tower. <br />
  6. 6. Twelve Colleges<br />Designed by DomenicoTrezzini and Theodor Schwertfeger and built between 1722 to 1744<br />Formation of 12, three storied structures to form a façade<br /> Peter wanted a place for the Russian Government that was at the time in 12 branches. <br />The Senate <br />The Syond<br />Nine Colleges-Foreign Affairs, Revenue Collection, Justice, Expenditure, Financial Control, War, Admiralty, Commerce, Mining and Manufacturing and Ministry for Trade.<br />
  7. 7. Marble Palace<br />Built by Antonio Rinaldi for Catherine the Great <br />Located on the Neva River between the winter and summer palaces<br />Built for Catherine’s lover GrigoriOrlov<br />Interior and exterior had more than 30 different varieties of marble and granite that were from Siberian, Finnish, Greek and Italian quarries.<br />Currently home to equestrian statue of Alexander III <br />
  8. 8. Conclusion <br />Peter the Great moved the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg <br />Peter and Paul Fortress was the first building to be constructed in St. Petersburg<br />Peter moved the Government to St. Petersburg in 1713 and built the Twelve Colleges for the Government to function.<br />St. Simeon and Anna church which was built in more of a Western European style <br />All the building in St. Petersburg were to make Russia more Westernize because Peter saw the city as a “window to the West.”<br />